Polen: Kampfflugzeugprogramm "Harpia"

Wehrtechnik & Rüstung, Gemeinsame Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik
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theoderich
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Polen: Kampfflugzeugprogramm "Harpia"

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Poland wants to buy fifth-gen fighters under $49B modernization program
Polish Defence Minister Mariusz Blaszczak announced Thursday he signed a military modernization plan document under which the country will spend 185 billion zloty (U.S. $49 billion) on new weapons and military equipment by 2026.

The acquisition of 32 fifth-generation fighter jets is one of the priority procurements that are to be carried out under the program, the minister said.
https://www.defensenews.com/global/euro ... n-program/


Plan Modernizacji Technicznej – mapa drogowa rozwoju Wojska Polskiego

https://www.gov.pl/web/obrona-narodowa/ ... -polskiego
Polen: UCAV statt Su-22M?

http://www.doppeladler.com/forum/viewto ... f=7&t=3012

theoderich
Beiträge: 9562
Registriert: So 29. Apr 2018, 18:13

Re: Polen: Kampfflugzeugprogramm "Harpia"

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Looks Like Poland Wants To Replace Its Soviet-era MiG-29 And Su-22 Jets With The F-35 At Any Cost
In early April, Vice-Admiral Mathias Winter, representing the US DoD, suggested, at the House of Representatives, that the US is considering selling the F-35 to five allied nations: Poland, Romania, Greece, Spain and Singapore. Back in February, on the other hand, the head of the Polish MoD signed the so called Technical Modernization Plan document, outlining the priorities that shall be addressed over the course of the modernization process. Given that during the presentation of the plan Błaszczak suggested the procurement of 32 fifth generation fighters is a priority, he was probably referring to acquisition of the F-35 – no other true 5-generation aircraft is currently available on the market.
On Apr. 17, the Polish President, Andrzej Duda, expressed his hopes with regards to the F-35 procurement. During an Easter meeting with the soldiers held at the 1st Airlift Base in Warsaw, Duda emphasized the need to replace the post-Soviet jets (MiG-29 and Su-22) so that the Polish Air Force could operate the best aircraft available in the world now, Duda said.

The meeting was also attended by the head of the MoD, Mariusz Błaszczak, who named the F-35 a key to success.

The first claims made with regards to procurement of the F-35 by Poland were made in 2008. Back then the pricetag associated with the Lightning II was too high though. However, as 395 examples are already in service, the scale effect dramatically lowered the procurement cost. This is exemplified by the Belgian case: Belgium would be getting the F-35 paying 89 million dollars a piece, training and spares included. The Belgian Air Component is planning to acquire 34 jets for USD 4 billion.

Meanwhile, Lockheed Martin representatives assured the Polish media that the F-35 could be received by Poland as early as in 2024, if the contract is signed now – which is a very tight procurement timeline. Such claim has been made by the Vice President of the Lockheed Martin company, Richard Edwards, according to Gazeta Wyborcza.

The priority shift within the modernization program undertaken by the Polish military could also have been caused by a matter that is visible to everyone, but not everyone talks about it. Here we are referring to the deteriorating shape in which the Polish Air Force finds itself in, namely when it comes to the maintenance status of the MiG-29 and Su-22 airframes. The spares for those need to be sourced, often indirectly, from Russia. Considering the fact that the Polish foreign policy disregards Russia as a credible partner, the steps made to acquire western armament are somehow logical.

The drive and motivation related to acquisition of the F-35 could also stem from the fact that Poland has cancelled or resigned from most of its SIGINT/IMINT programs, and thus the F-35 is viewed as a quick remedy filling in this capability gap.

However, the basic assumption made in the Harpia program was to make this procurement a competitive process, involving more than one bidder. Originally, the technical dialogue procedure, preceding any military procurement in Poland, involved more bidders, including Boeing (offering the F-15 and F/A-18), Saab (Gripen platform), Lockheed (F-16 and F-35) or Leonardo (Eurofighter). Now it seems that the tender has been already resolved and that the F-35 is going to become the next Polish fighter aircraft. This is a worrying symptom. What’s interesting, the pilots that we have talked to tend to suggest that the F-15X would be a better choice for the Polish Air Force.

Marek Świerczyński, analyst at the Polish Polityka Insight think-tank, suggests that the situation is weird. The Polish officials have cancelled the initial Harpia RFI, now asking solely about the F-35. Head of the Polish Armament Inspectorate, Brig. Gen. Dariusz Pluta, withdrew the previous request, now asking solely about the F-35. Given that procurement would be covered with an amount of USD 5 billion (32 fighters to be acquired), the above circumstances create some doubts in the public sphere. Also, in the light of the fact that the Polish government is focused on social welfare programs, it is also questionable whether 32 jets could even be acquired. Realistically, 16 fighters are much more likely to be procured.
https://theaviationist.com/2019/04/20/l ... -any-cost/

theoderich
Beiträge: 9562
Registriert: So 29. Apr 2018, 18:13

Re: Polen: Kampfflugzeugprogramm "Harpia"

Beitrag von theoderich »

Harpia – program najnowocześniejszych samolotów - nabiera tempa

https://www.gov.pl/web/obrona-narodowa/ ... iera-tempa


Polens Luftwaffe soll doch F-35-Kampfjets bekommen

https://diepresse.com/home/ausland/auss ... s-bekommen

theoderich
Beiträge: 9562
Registriert: So 29. Apr 2018, 18:13

Re: Polen: Kampfflugzeugprogramm "Harpia"

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Polish deal to buy F-35s close to completion | Defense News Weekly Extra

https://www.defensenews.com/newsletters ... kly-extra/

14. November 2019

Bild
http://www.obrum.gliwice.pl/uroczyste-p ... -2021-2035
Zuletzt geändert von theoderich am Mo 16. Mär 2020, 09:03, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.

theoderich
Beiträge: 9562
Registriert: So 29. Apr 2018, 18:13

Re: Polen: Kampfflugzeugprogramm "Harpia"

Beitrag von theoderich »

F-35 dla Polski

https://www.gov.pl/web/obrona-narodowa/f-35-dla-polski
  • Auftragswert
    • Letter of Offer and Acceptance (LOA): 4,6 Mrd. USD
    • Stückpreis der F-35A (inkl. Triebwerk) gemäß LOA: 87,3 Mio. USD (netto)
  • Auftragsgegenstand
    • 32 F-35A
      • Konfiguration (Standardkonfiguration der Produktionsserie 2024-2030)
        • Software Block 4
        • Modernisierungspaket (Upgrade der bereits gelieferten Flugzeuge auf einen einheitlichen Standard anhand der während der Vertragslaufzeit eingeführten Upgrades)
        • 1 Ersatzmotor Pratt & Whitney F135
    • Logistik- und Schulungspaket
      • Verbrauchs- und Ersatzteile
      • IT-Betriebsmanagementsystem
      • Geräte zur Bodenabfertigung von Flugzeugen
      • Logistische Unterstützung der Flugzeuge und Ausrüstung bis 2030 im Rahmen der Global Support Solution (GSS)
      • Ausbildung von Piloten und technischem Personal in den USA (Die 114 in den USA ausgebildeten polnischen Soldaten werden die restlichen Piloten und Techniker in Polen ausbilden.)
        • 24 Piloten
        • 90 Techniker
      • Bodentrainingssystem (integriertes Schulungszentrum + 8 Full Mission Simulators)
  • Lieferungen:
    • 2024-2030 (4-6 Flugzeuge pro Jahr)
    • Die ersten sechs Flugzeuge werden 2024-2025 vorläufig auf einem US-Luftwaffenstützpunkt stationiert, um die Ausbildung von Piloten und Technikern zu unterstützen.
    • Lieferung des ersten Flugzeugs nach Polen zu Jahreswechsel 2025/2026.
    • Initial Operational Capability (IOC) wenn mindestens die Hälfte einer Flugzeugstaffel (8 Flugzeuge) in Polen eingetroffen, Piloten und Techniker ausgebildet und die nötigen Ersatzteile und Betriebsmittel geliefert wurden.
  • Infrastruktur
    • Kosten zur Anpassung der Flugplätze an die F-35A, je nach Standort, 0,7 - 1,8 Mrd. PLN.
  • Kompensationsgeschäfte
    • KEINE Kompensationsgeschäfte
    • Die Vorschläge der amerikanischen Seite betrafen lediglich ausgewählte Servicetätigkeiten für F-16 und C-130.
    • Die im Liefervertragsentwurf angegebenen Kosten für Kompensationsgeschäfte hätten den Auftragswert um 1,1 Mrd. USD erhöht.

Der Zeitplan geht sich aber auch nur dann aus, wenn die F-35 Block 4 wie geplant 2023 fertig entwickelt ist:
  • Defense Acquisitions:
    Observations on the F-35 and Air Force's Advanced Battle Management System


    GAO-19-456T: Published: May 2, 2019. Publicly Released: May 2, 2019.
    The F-35 baseline aircraft program completed development in April 2018. It started formal operational testing of the baseline aircraft in December 2018 after a 3-month delay. This testing was delayed for two main reasons: (1) to resolve critical deficiencies identified in developmental testing, and (2) to accommodate an unexpected grounding following the crash of an F-35B in September 2018. According to a test official, the program expects to complete testing in December 2019, about 3 months later than planned due to delays with the simulator that is used for more complex testing. Until that testing is complete, there is still a risk that additional deficiencies may be identified. With the program wrapping up development of the baseline program, it is transitioning to early development and testing activities for the Block 4 modernization efforts, which the F-35 Joint Program Office estimates will cost about $10.5 billion. With Block 4, DOD plans to add new capabilities and modernize the F-35 aircraft to address evolving threats.
    The program incorporated some Block 4 activities into its acquisition strategy, which was approved in October 2018. However, we found that three key Block 4 business case documents will not be ready before the program’s planned development contract awards in May 2019:
    • Independent Technology Readiness Assessment: […]
    • Test and Evaluation Master Plan: […]
    • Independent Cost Estimate: […]
    The expected completion dates for these documents are between October and December 2019, at the earliest.
    https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-19-456T
  • Contracts For June 7, 2019
    Lockheed Martin Corp., Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co., Fort Worth, Texas, is awarded a $1,808,545,655 cost-plus-incentive-fee, cost-plus-award-fee, cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for continued design maturation and development of Block 4 capabilities in support of the F-35 Lightning II Phase 2.3 Pre-Modernization for the Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps; and non-U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) participants. Work will be performed in Fort Worth, Texas, and is expected to be completed in August 2026. Fiscal 2019 research, development, test and evaluation (Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps); and non-U.S. DoD participant funds in the amount of $98,998,910 will be obligated at time of award, none of which will expire at the end of the current fiscal year. This contract combines purchases for the Air Force ($732,460,990; 40.50 percent); Navy ($371,475,278; 20.54 percent), Marine Corps ($345,974,784; 19.13 percent) and non-U.S. DoD participants ($358,634,603; 19.83 percent). This contract was not competitive procured pursuant to U.S. Code 2304(c)(1). The Naval Air Systems Command, Patuxent River, Maryland, is the contracting activity (N00019-19-C-0010).
    https://www.defense.gov/Newsroom/Contra ... e/1870180/
  • Contracts For July 8, 2019
    Lockheed Martin Corp., Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co., Fort Worth, Texas, is awarded $41,269,021 for modification P00002 to a previously awarded order (N00019-19-F-2474) placed against basic ordering agreement N00019-14-G-0020. This modification exercises an option for the design, procurement and integration of flight test instrumentation and data processing solutions for F-35 Lightning II development test aircraft to support the Tech Refresh-3 and the Follow on Modernization Block 4 mission systems configuration. Work will be performed in Fort Worth, Texas, and is expected to be completed in February 2021. Fiscal 2019 research, development, test and evaluation (Air Force) and non-U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) participant funds in the amount of $2,470,993 are being obligated at time of award, none of which will expire at the end of the current fiscal year. This modification combines purchases for the Air Force ($16,501,005; 40%); Navy ($8,250,503; 20%); Marine Corps ($8,250,503; 20%); and non-U.S. DoD participants ($8,267,010; 20%). The Naval Air Systems Command, Patuxent River, Maryland, is the contracting activity.
    https://www.defense.gov/Newsroom/Contra ... e/1898178/
  • DOT&E FY 2019 ANNUAL REPORT

    https://www.dote.osd.mil/Publications/A ... al-Report/
    • FY 19 DOD PROGRAMS
      F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF)
      Block 4
      • The Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program continues to carry 873 unresolved deficiencies, most of which were identified prior to the completion of System Development and Demonstration (SDD) and entry into IOT&E. Although the program is working to fix deficiencies, new discoveries are still being made, resulting in only a minor decrease in the overall number of deficiencies. There are many significant deficiencies that should be addressed to ensure the SDD baseline configuration is stable prior to introducing the large number of new capabilities planned in Block 4.
      • The SDD program was designed to provide mission capability in three increments:
        • Block 1 (initial training; two increments were fielded: Block 1A and Block 1B)
        • Block 2 (advanced training in Block 2A and limited Combat capability with Block 2B)
        • Block 3 (limited combat capability in Block 3i and full SDD warfighting capability in Block 3F)
      • Post-SDD development is designed to address deficiencies and add planned Block 4 capabilities via software updates and hardware changes as new configurations are introduced in subsequent production lots.
      Activity: Block 4, 40 Series
      • Block 4 development includes the new Technical Refresh (TR)-3 hardware configuration, which will begin developmental testing in CY21 in order to deliver Lot 15 production aircraft starting in CY23. Block 4 is planned to continue to use the C2D2 process, initiated by the program following SDD, to integrate the remaining Decision Memorandum (DM) 90 capabilities.
      https://www.dote.osd.mil/Portals/97/pub ... 115432-173

theoderich
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Re: Polen: Kampfflugzeugprogramm "Harpia"

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theoderich
Beiträge: 9562
Registriert: So 29. Apr 2018, 18:13

Re: Polen: Kampfflugzeugprogramm "Harpia"

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Poland to Resign from the F-35 Offset to Save USD 1 Billion [EXCLUSIVE] (20. März 2020)
Polish Ministry of Defence recommended it to the Offset Committee to resign from concluding the offset agreement pertaining to F-35 acquisition within the framework of the Harpia programme - Defence24.pl found out. The proposals submitted by the US partners did not match the Polish requirements and they would entail too high cost - Col. Jacek Najs claims - acting as the Director at the Offset Agreements Bureau of the Polish Ministry of Defence.


The MoD recommends that Poland shall resign from concluding the offset agreement related to the F-35. The final opinion on the matter is to be released after a vote, during the upcoming meeting of the Offset Committee expected in January. Stance adopted by the MoD remains unchanged though. “This will be a new global system of spare parts supply and keeping this aircraft in operations”, explains Major General, Pilot Jacek Pszczoła, the Air Force Inspector and plenipotentiary for acquisition of the new generation fighter aircraft.

“We have presented our recommendation, that is suggesting we should resign from concluding the offset agreement. We want to focus on industry-industry memorandums that shall be signed in the future, similarly as it happened in case of the agreements signed with regards to the Belgian aircraft”, the representatives of Ministry of Defence, told us. “Preliminary talks on that matter have already begun, but at the moment we cannot release any further details for now. Potential conclusion of agreements as such will not be correlated with procurement of the F-35, however, it would happen sooner than later.”

Resigning from the offset is to make it possible to save up more than one billion dollars, however it may also take away the opportunity for the Polish industry to acquire high tech, despite the high level of the fighter-associated expenditure (at least 4 billion dollars).

When asked about the above circumstances, the MoD representatives told us the following: “Proposals that we have received have not been adequately meeting the Polish requirements, furthermore they did not satisfy Poland considering the cost-effect ratio. We should remember the fact that offset does not come without a pricetag. We knew that not being a participant of the F-35 programme it would be much tougher for us to gain capabilities of any sort - be it manufacturing or maintenance - with regards to that aircraft. That chance went away back in 2008 when Poland was offered a chance to join the programme as an observer. However, the proposal in question has been rejected. Should it be otherwise, the position to negotiate would be much stronger today.”

Representatives of the MoD also stress the fact that the recommendation has not been adopted on one side by the Ministry, it has rather been adopted after consultation with the Polish industry, research institutes and the academia.

“It was more or less at the time when the plenipotentiary for the acquisition of the Multi-Role Combat Aircraft was appointed, in March 2019, when the preliminary analysis has begun” – col. Jacek Najs recalls – “We have been working on defining a catalogue of capabilities required from the point of view of the requirements defined by the military within the scope of operating the F-35. The preparatory work, issuing opinions with regards to the potential areas of cooperation or offset took place between May and July, with involvement of the Polish Military, the PGZ Group, military-focused institutes and the academia. And this is how the preliminary scope of commitments has been defined. In the meantime the Americans proposed a scope of maintenance and repair activities. However, as we have noted, their proposals were limited to the level that would be guaranteed anyway, within the framework of the delivery agreement. These were the facilities at the airbase level. Obviously, we came to a conclusion that this does not match our requirements and that we need to look for something else.
https://www.defence24.com/poland-to-res ... -exclusive

theoderich
Beiträge: 9562
Registriert: So 29. Apr 2018, 18:13

Re: Polen: Kampfflugzeugprogramm "Harpia"

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Leonardo pitches M-346FA as Polish ‘Fitter' replacement

https://www.janes.com/defence-news/news ... eplacement

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