Die Reserve der irischen Streitkräfte, speziell von Heer (AR) und Marine (NSR), kämpft mit erheblichen Rekrutierungsproblemen:
p. 99 hat geschrieben:8.5.1 Strength
As at 31 December 2014 the effective strength of the AR (2,159 personnel) and NSR (143 personnel) was significantly below the current establishment of 3,869 and 200 respectively. A major recruitment campaign in 2014 did not achieve the desired outcome and following an after-action review, alternative approaches to improve recruitment rates are being trialed. The recruitment and retention of personnel to fill vacant posts in the establishment will remain a key challenge for the coming years. Accordingly, approaches to recruitment and retention will be kept under ongoing review having regard to their success rates and the key goal of having an efficient and effective Reserve. In this context, the current organisational structures will also be kept under review.
Bei der Geräteausstattung sind folgende Neuerungen erforderlich:
p. 65 - 66 hat geschrieben:6.3 Army
The Army will continue to retain all-arms conventional military capabilities, within the existing two infantry Brigades and the Defence Forces’ Training Centre, including SOF. The principal aim over the period of the White Paper will be to replace and upgrade, as required, existing capabilities in order to retain a flexible response for a wide range of operational requirements, at home and overseas. Measures will be taken to further enhance the capabilities of the Army Ranger Wing in particular with the aim of increasing the strength of the unit considerably.
Ireland’s ongoing active participation in a range of peacekeeping and crisis Management missions is a key policy requirement. While each mission has elements of danger, it is the Government’s position that all actions should be taken to minimise threats to the safety of personnel. Armoured vehicles provide essential force protection and, in this context, the following will be progressed over the coming years:
• The current fleet of Armoured Personnel Carriers (APCs) and associated variants are essential for a broad range of operations. In order to ensure continued force protection, a study is currently underway to identify whether a life-extension programme, replacement programme or another alternative, is the most cost effective option.
• Armoured logistic vehicles for overseas missions are a further force protection requirement and a small number of these vehicles will be procured.
In the event of additional funding becoming available, beyond that required to maintain existing capabilities, additional Armoured Personnel Carriers and variants, Light Tactical Armoured Vehicles and additional air defence capabilities are priorities for the Army.
6.4 Air Corps
The Air Corps will continue to operate a range of rotary and fixed wing aircraft within existing organisational structures. The principal aim over the lifetime of the White Paper will be to ensure that the Air Corps can continue to undertake the required military operations and to deliver a broad range of air supports to other government departments and agencies in line with MOUs and SLAs. In this context, key equipment requirements and decisions are set out below. Should additional funding, beyond that required to maintain existing capabilities become available, the development of a radar surveillance capability is a priority for the Air Corps.
6.4.1 Maritime Patrolling and ISTAR
The Air Corps currently provides surveillance capacity primarily through two CASA 235 Maritime Patrol Aircraft and five Cessna aircraft. The CASA 235s are due for replacement in 2019.
The existing CASA 235s primarily undertake maritime surveillance, although they may also be used for a broader range of tasks. These include, air ambulance missions, evacuation missions, transport of materiel, search and rescue top cover and occasionally ministerial air transport. The CASA 235s will be replaced with consideration of their replacement with larger more capable aircraft. This would enhance maritime surveillance and provide a greater degree of utility for transport and cargo carrying tasks. The existing five Cessnas, which are currently due for replacement, will be replaced with three larger aircraft suitably equipped for ISTAR tasks.
6.4.2 Air Combat
The existing Pilatus PC9 aircraft provide a very limited air to air and air to ground capacity and these are due for replacement in 2025. The development of a more capable air combat/intercept capability will be considered as part of the White Paper update (See Chapter 10).
6.4.3 Air Mobility
The existing EC 135 and AW 139 helicopters will continue to deliver the required Defence Forces support and other support capabilities over the lifetime of the White Paper. The CASA 235s and their replacements will continue to provide additional air transport capacity. As outlined in section 4.1.2, the MATS service is currently being delivered by a Learjet 45 aircraft, which is due for replacement in 2024. An interdepartmental high-level group of officials, chaired by the Department of Defence is reviewing the medium to long term options for the future provision of an independent off-island air transport service for high level delegations and a decision regarding the replacement of the Learjet 45 will be informed by the recommendations of this group.
6.5 Naval Service
In light of operational demands, the maintenance of a modern eight-ship Naval Flotilla is a minimum requirement. When completed, the current ship replacement programme will have replaced three Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs). However, there is a requirement to replace a further three Naval Service vessels [one Helicopter Patrol Vessel (HPV) and two Coastal Patrol Vessels (CPVs)] that have, or are reaching the end of their lifespan in the coming years. These are set out below. In addition, there is a requirement to maintain and upgrade vessels having regard to emerging operational requirements and changes in technology.
In the event of additional funding becoming available, beyond that required to maintain existing capabilities, the acquisition of additional ships is a priority for the Naval Service.
Helicopter Patrol Vessels (HPV)
The LÉ Eithne, which is the current flagship and a HPV, will be replaced by a multi-role vessel (MRV). Whilst this ship will not carry a helicopter, it will be enabled for helicopter operations and will also have a freight carrying capacity. It is the Government’s intent that this new vessel will provide a flexible and adaptive capability for a wide range of maritime tasks, both at home and overseas.
Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs)
The current ship replacement programme will have replaced three OPVs bringing to five the number of modern OPVs in the Naval Service flotilla. The final ship in this current replacement programme is scheduled for delivery in 2016.
Coastal Patrol Vessels (CPV)
The two existing Coastal Patrol Vessels, the LÉ Ciara and LÉ Orla, are due for replacement in the coming years. These ships will be replaced with similar vessels with countermine and counter-IED capabilities. This will provide an enhanced capability for the Naval Service in meeting a broad range of ongoing requirements and contingencies, including the protection of Ireland’s vital sea lanes of communication.
p. 117 - 118 hat geschrieben:10.4.3 Defence Funding Models and Approach
Ireland’s financial position remains extremely difficult. The Government continue to give priority to assuring the stability of the public finances as a key component of sustained recovery. This has meant that it is not possible to respond to all of the pressing and extremely worthy areas for which public funds, in form of the taxpayers’ money, could be applied.
However, the Government have resolved that Ireland’s investment in defence, over the lifetime of the White Paper, must be on a sustainable footing taking account of long-term national interest. Any new approach must take cognisance of the realities of the state of the public finances. In this context, the Government are establishing a specific defence funding study to capture in a new way the expected long-term costs of meeting Ireland’s defence requirements using a ten year planning horizon linked to the proposed new framework of fixed cycle reviews. The study, to be completed by year end, will provide the evidence base to establish a more evolved approach to defence funding. Current medium term budgets have been set by the existing envelope provided by the Comprehensive Review of Expenditure (CRE). The assumptions and decisions flowing from the CRE need to be more fully tested now in the light of this White Paper. In addition, a more comprehensive approach, linked to the new defence review architecture, needs to provide a fully elaborated picture for Government on the choices and resource implications associated with these. There is also scope to explore new funding models potentially involving public—private partnerships, leasing and lease-back or other sources such as the European Investment Bank. A developed funding framework needs to be available to provide for step changes in defence provision should a changed security assessment warrant this.
In maximising the use of resources, the Department has over recent years disposed of surplus properties from within the Defence estate. Some of these properties have been turned over to very successful public use by local authorities or in the education sector. A benefit for defence is that scarce resources are no longer tied up in the securing and maintenance of properties surplus to requirements. The Government have decided that 100% of any such receipts are to be reinvested in the defence capital programme and necessary adjustments will be made in financial provisions.
Elsewhere in this White Paper the direct engagement by defence in social and economic interventions has been described. These will continue to deliver tangible benefits to individuals and enterprises across the country. They are not a rationale for defence provision but they are a beneficial outcome and are an added return on Investment from defence which needs to be taken into full calculation.