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BeitragVerfasst: 08. Apr 2017, 15:48 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
Beiträge: 19901
U.S. Strike Designed to Deter Assad Regime’s Use of Chemical Weapons

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U.S.-Led Force Reduces Attacks on ISIS in Syria After Airstrike

Zitat:
The American-led task force that is battling the Islamic State has sharply reduced airstrikes against the militants in Syria as commanders assess whether Syrian government forces or their Russian allies plan to respond to the United States’ cruise missile strike on a Syrian airfield this past week, American officials said.

The precautionary move, revealed in statistics made public by the command on Saturday, was taken as Russian officials have threatened to suspend the communication line the American and Russian militaries use to notify each other about air operations in Syria.

So far, the Russian military does not appear to have taken any threatening actions, such as directing its battlefield radar or air defense systems to confront the Americans, or carrying out aggressive actions in the skies, United States officials said.

But officials who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss internal planning said the commanders needed time to determine whether the Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad, and the Russian military would treat the American cruise missile strike as a one-time operation that they would not respond to militarily. As a precaution, the Pentagon is flying patrols in Syrian skies with F-22 jets, the Air Force’s most advanced air-to-air fighter.

Zitat:
Publicly, American officials had little to say about the reduction in strikes against the militants. “We are using resources as appropriate to the commander’s priorities and as the situation dictates,” a military official said.



Zuletzt geändert von theoderich am 09. Apr 2017, 15:34, insgesamt 2-mal geändert.

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BeitragVerfasst: 09. Apr 2017, 15:29 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
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US envoy Nikki Haley says Syria regime change is 'inevitable'

Zitat:
In her interview with CNN's "State of the Union," Haley said removing Assad from power was one of a number of priorities for the US.

"Getting Assad out is not the only priority. So what we're trying to do is obviously defeat ISIS. Secondly, we don't see a peaceful Syria with Assad in there. Thirdly, get the Iranian influence out. And then finally move towards a political solution, because at the end of the day this is a complicated situation, there are no easy answers and a political solution is going to have to happen," she said in the interview with anchor Jake Tapper, to air on Sunday.

Haley said that the Trump administration's view was that a political solution would not happen with Assad in power, though she stopped short of saying Assad's departure was now official US policy.

"If you look at his actions, if you look at the situation, it's going to be hard to see a government that's peaceful and stable with Assad," she said.

"Regime change is something that we think is going to happen because all of the parties are going to see that Assad is not the leader that needs to be taking place for Syria."


Weil das im Irak und in Afghanistan so gut funktioniert hat.

Der CRS hat schon vor vier Jahren eine Analyse zu möglichen Militärschlägen gegen Syrien publiziert:

    Possible U.S. Intervention in Syria:
    Issues for Congress


    Zitat:
    On September 4, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee debated and adopted , by a vote of 10-7 (with one “present”) a resolution (S.J.Res. 21)15 to authorize the president, subject to required certifications to:

      use the Armed Forces of the United States as the President determines to be necessary and appropriate in a limited and specified manner against legitimate military targets in Syria, only to —

        (1) respond to the use of weapons of mass destruction by the Government of Syria in the
        conflict in Syria;

        (2) deter Syria’s use of such weapons in order to protect the national security interests of the United States and to protect United States allies and partners against the use of such weapons;

        (3) degrade Syria’s capacity to use such weapons in the future; and

        (4) prevent the transfer to terrorist groups or other state or non-state actors within Syria of any weapons of mass destruction.

    The Senate Foreign Relations Committee proposal states that it does not “authorize the use of the United States Armed Forces on the ground in Syria for the purpose of combat operations.” The resolution does not define “combat operations.” It remains unclear whether the resolution as reported by the committee would authorize members of the U.S. Armed Forces to operate on the ground in Syria in non-combatant (i.e. advisory, logistical, intelligence, or other enabling) roles to carry out the purposes specified in the resolution. As reported, the resolution includes a sunset clause of 60 days for the authorization, with provision for one 30 day extension.

    Zitat:
    Could the United States destroy Syria’s chemical weapons stocks through military action? What would be needed to secure chemical weapons sites during an intervention?

      While it is possible that military strikes could render chemical weapons agents unusable, according to many observers, there would be considerable risk to nearby civilian populations if Syrian chemical weapons facilities were attacked in a military strike from the air. This is because nerve agents could be dispersed into the air in the course of any strike against these facilities.

      One major concern of the United States is the risk that chemical weapons would fall into the hands of terrorist groups if the Syrian military lost control of or diverted them. The scale of the CW stocks in Syria would present a great challenge for physical security. General Martin Dempsey, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, wrote in a July letter to Congress that “[t]housands of special operations forces and other ground forces would be needed to assault and secure critical sites.” The operation would result in the “control of some, but not all chemical weapons” and “would also help prevent their further proliferation into the hands of extremist groups,” the letter said. U.S. military efforts to date have focused on bolstering security near Syria’s borders with neighboring countries such as Jordan and Turkey, perhaps partly to help deter any transfer of chemical weapons out of Syria.



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BeitragVerfasst: 11. Apr 2017, 13:13 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
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G7 Foreign Ministers Meeting

Zitat:
We, the Foreign Ministers of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States of America and the High Representative of the European Union, have gathered in Lucca, Italy on 10-11 April to address a number of major international issues that impact global peace and security.

Zitat:
We commend the cohesion and outcomes of the Global Coalition and call for further commitment from all its members to achieve the final objective of destroying ISIL/Da’esh. We commit to continuing these efforts in order to complete the liberation of ISIL/Da’esh-held territories, in particular Raqqa and Mosul, and put an end to violence, widespread and gross violations and abuses of human rights and violations of humanitarian law, perpetrated by ISIL/Da’esh, all in the pursuit of finally destroying it.

[...]

We are determined to defeat ISIL/Da’esh in Iraq and Syria. We will work with local partners to ensure ISIL/Da’esh and other terrorist entities do not re-emerge in the area. To this end we call for inclusive reform and reconciliation in Iraq and a genuine political transition based on the 2012 Geneva Communique and the UN Security Council Resolution 2254 in Syria, as well as for humanitarian assistance, the immediate stabilization of the areas liberated from ISIL/Da’esh, supporting governance in areas held by the opposition in Syria, ensuring rehabilitation of public services, the rule of law and the safe, voluntary and sustainable return of refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs). We reiterate the importance of preserving the multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-confessional character of the Syrian and Iraqi societies.

We also recognise the threat posed by ISIL/Da’esh branches and covert networks outside of Iraq and Syria to regional stability and security. We recognize that more needs to be done to tackle ISIL/Da’esh, including its online messaging, throughout the world to ensure that ISIL/Da’esh is not able to take advantage of, or expand in, ungoverned or unstable territories.

SYRIA

Six years into the Syrian war, the Syrian people have endured the most tremendous suffering, and no efforts should be spared to bring this conflict to an end.

We express grave concern at continuing violence and the lack of humanitarian access. We call upon all parties, in particular the regime and its backers, including Russia and Iran, to allow sustainable, unhindered and adequate humanitarian assistance to all people in need.

We welcomed international efforts aimed at establishing a nationwide ceasefire, including the Russia and Turkey-brokered ceasefire, announced on 29 December 2016. While noting the Joint statement by Iran, Russia and Turkey at the International meeting on Syria held in Astana on 23-24 January and of the following meetings in the Kazak capital, we urge them to live up to their commitments and to use their influence on the parties to observe and ensure full compliance with the ceasefire, reduce violence, build confidence, ensure unhindered humanitarian access and the protection and free movement of civilians.

In this regard, we express our grave concern at the constant violations of the ceasefire, committed primarily by the Syrian regime and its allies. Despite Syrian regime’s claims, this activity does not target primarily UN-designated terrorist groups.

We urgently call on all parties to implement immediately and fully relevant UN Security Council Resolutions demanding rapid, safe and unhindered humanitarian access to people in need throughout Syria. We condemn the perpetuation of sieges throughout the country, the starving and bombing of civilians, the numerous attacks on medical facilities and personnel and breaches of international humanitarian law by all parties, notably by the regime.

We commend and support the UN Special Envoy’s efforts to convene an inclusive and credible political process in Geneva to negotiate a political transition in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 2254 and the Geneva Communiqué. We underline that intra-Syrian discussions on political issues should be under the aegis of the United Nations and in line with the roadmap and the objectives outlined by UN Security Council Resolution 2254.

We reiterate the importance of strong and continuous support of the members of the International Syria Support Group (ISSG) to the UN-brokered political dialogue in Geneva, with a view to moving forward with a credible and inclusive transitional governance, which represents the foundation of any meaningful and viable political solution in Syria. In this respect, we welcome the engagement of and reaffirm our firm support for the High Negotiations Committee (HNC) with a view to a credible political transition that meets the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people and enables them to independently and democratically determine their own future. We call on all parties to engage meaningfully in the UN-led political negotiations. The regime in particular must finally show genuine engagement with the UN-led process so a peaceful and lasting solution to this dreadful conflict can be reached.

We reiterate our commitment to the unity, sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of the Syrian State.

Zitat:
We express grave concern at the continuing and alarming reports of the intense use of chemical weapons, including toxic chemicals as weapons, in Syria, and reiterate our strong support for the absolutely necessary work of the OPCW-UN mandated Joint Investigative Mechanism, which concluded that the Syrian Arab Armed Forces were responsible for the use of toxic chemicals as weapons in three instances and ISIL/Da’esh in the use of chemical weapons in one. We express our resolve to ensure that the use of chemical weapons remains a taboo. In this respect, we deplore the vetoes opposed to the UN Security Council draft resolution aimed at condemning and holding accountable those responsible of the appalling acts addressed in the report of the OPCW-UN mandated Joint Investigative Mechanism.

We are shocked and horrified by the reports of use of chemical weapons in an airstrike in the Khan Shaykhun area of southern Idlib on 4 April. Syria’s possession of chemical weapons and their means of delivery are illegal under UN Security Council Resolution 2118 and the Chemical Weapons Convention.

The subsequent US military action against Shayrat Airfield was a carefully calibrated, limited in scope response to this war crime and was directed against Syrian military targets directly connected to the 4thApril chemical weapons attack in order to prevent and deter the proliferation and use of deadly chemical weapons in Syria.

We express full support to the OPCW Fact Finding Mission investigation and stress that if the Fact Finding Mission concludes that chemical weapons have or have likely been used, the OPCW-UN Joint Investigative Mechanism should immediately carry out its investigation in accordance with its mandate to identify the perpetrators. We call upon the Syrian Arab Republic and all parties in Syria to cooperate fully with the OPCW to allow a prompt conclusion of its investigation on this heinous incident. We call on Russia and Iran, who have a responsibility, as allies of the Syrian regime, to use their influence to ensure Syria’s compliance with all of its obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention.

Zitat:
We believe that there is an opportunity to bring this tragic crisis to an end and we hope that all major partners will live up to their international responsibilities and seize this opportunity. Russia has the potential to help resolve the conflict and restore a stable and unified Syria, and defeat ISIL/Da'esh and terrorism. We urge Russia to work to promote a real and genuine political process in Syria, in accordance with the Geneva communiqué and UN Security Council Resolution 2254, and to use its influence with the regime to bring the conflict to an end, beginning with the enforcement of a real ceasefire and improved humanitarian access, and engage seriously in the UN led political process. If Russia is prepared to use its influence, then we are prepared to work with it in resolving the conflict in Syria, pursuing a political settlement and ultimately contributing to the costs of stabilization and reconstruction.



The G7 Foreign Ministers Meeting opens today in Lucca (10. April 2017)

Zitat:
Concomitantly to the G7 Meeting, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Angelino Alfano, has called an extraordinary meeting on Syria at 8 a.m. on Tuesday at Lucca's Ducal Palace, extended to the Foreign Ministers of Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Qatar.



Die USA, die größten Industriestaaten Europas und die Unterstützer der radikalislamischen Al-Nusra-Front in einem Bett.


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Zitat:
El Camino Español de @Armada_esp traslada a Turquía un misil Patriot para el #ContingentePatriot desplegado en Incirlik por @EjercitoTierra



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BeitragVerfasst: 17. Apr 2017, 09:39 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
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In Syrien wurden vor kurzem saudische Militärfahrzeuge gefilmt:


Die französischen Nexter Aravis haben eine andere Lackierung:



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BeitragVerfasst: 09. Mai 2017, 22:29 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
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BeitragVerfasst: 12. Mai 2017, 10:10 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
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The Coyote’s Trail – A Machine Gun’s Path from Serbia to Syria

Zitat:
The Balkan Investigative Reporting Network, BIRN, and the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project, OCCRP, has uncovered how the powerful weapon made a trip of around 6,000 kilometres from state-owned Zastava’s production line to Salam, as part of a delivery of up to 205 guns in 2015 and 2016 to the Free Syrian Army - with Serbia, Bulgaria, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and the United States all playing a role.

It is the first time weapons have been traced directly from a producer in Central and Eastern Europe to Syrian rebels and provides the clearest evidence to date of an arms pipeline previously uncovered by BIRN and OCCRP.

This pipeline has pumped up to a 1.2 billion euros of weapons from the Balkans, Czech Republic and Slovakia to the Middle East, with Saudi money and, according to a former U.S. ambassador to Syria, CIA logistics.

The discovery also illustrates the systematic, illegal diversion of arms by the Saudi regime and how governments in the Balkans seem willing to turn a blind eye to this highly lucrative trade.

The investigation also highlights the pivotal role played by arms dealers. BIRN and OCCRP has found that the firm which brokered this deal is owned by powerful Bulgarian businessman Petar Mandjoukov; arms dealer, media tycoon and a former agent of the communist-era State Security.

Zitat:
BIRN and OCCRP traced Salam through his Facebook profile, asking him for further information on the heavy machine guns’ origins and their route to Aleppo.

The 23-year-old Syrian wanted to tell the world of the plight of his compatriots and provided a number of photos and videos of the Coyote attached to the back of a Toyota pickup truck.

He told BIRN and OCCRP that as a simple soldier he was unaware how the FSA secured its weapons, but said he knew of “several” that had been delivered after he attended a training camp in Saudi Arabia.

In early 2016, he and some 150 other fighters earmarked for training left Syria for the Turkish capital Ankara. After a week of medical and military checks, a military plane flew them to Saudi Arabia.

The rebels were taken from the airport to a secret military camp. Stripped of their mobile phones, they were cut off from the outside world in an undisclosed location in the Saudi desert.

“I saw it [a Coyote] with my own eyes in Saudi Arabia, and there the Americans were testing it,” Salam said. “There were a lot of different officers – from the UK, USA, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia. There were American intelligence officers too – they are highly experienced and most of them had fought in Iraq.”

Back in Syria, Salam was soon posing with the new gun in Aleppo for his Facebook feed before it was deployed in the fight against Assad and Islamic State. “We modified the Coyote and put it on a truck,” he explained.

“My gun arrived from Turkey after the training was finished,” he added. Salam said all weapons for his battalion passed through the “MOC” in Turkey, referring to the Military Operation Command centres, set up in the Gulf, Turkey and Jordan, and operated by Arab, Turkish and Western intelligence agencies. They are used as logistical and training bases.

Zitat:
From June 2015 to August 2016, at least 50 cargo flights transported weapons and ammunition from Central and Eastern Europe to Saudi military bases. BIRN and OCCRP pinpointed flights carrying military equipment between the Gulf kingdom and Turkey, from where arms cross into northern Syria.

Asked why he had posted a photo of the gun online, Salam said: “It was the first time we had received such a weapon after six years of fighting. It was light and effective and it was the newest weapon we ever had.”

His fellow soldiers named it “dushka”, after a similar Soviet-designed weapon, the DShK.

“It was in a box, separated into pieces and we opened it and assembled it – it was new, there was even a catalogue.”

Salam gave reporters the weapon’s unique serial number, 3007.

A spokesman for Serbia’s Ministry of Defence told BIRN and OCCRP in a written statement that Zastava had sold “a number” of Coyotes to Bulgarian Industrial Engineering and Management, BIEM, a Sofia-based arms broker, for export to Saudi Arabia in 2015 and 2016. But he also argued that photos from social media did not constitute proof the weapon in Syria was a Coyote.

When provided with the serial number from the machine gun, the ministry initially said it could not trace the weapon. Many follow-up emails and calls later, however, a spokesman said that a M02 Coyote with that serial number had been sold to BIEM in 2015.

The Deal and the Tycoon

That year, BIEM had placed a large order with Serbia’s Zastava Arms, which produces its own popular version of the ubiquitous Russian AK-47 as well as the Coyote heavy machine gun.

While the deal remains confidential, Zastava’s 2015 accounts reveal BIEM paid around 2.75 million euros to the state-owned arms plant that year. One arms dealer told BIRN and OCCRP that the typical price for such a weapon was roughly 12,000 euros, making the bill for 205 Coyotes around 2.5 million euros.

BIEM’s majority shareholder is Mandjoukov, a top Bulgarian tycoon with financial interests in construction, media and wine production and who previously had jointly owned the country’s second-biggest football club, CSKA Sofia.

The 74-year-old is best known in Bulgaria as an arms dealer. In 1977 he started work for Kintex, a powerful state-owned trading company which, under communist rule, was involved in trafficking arms to rogue states and terrorists, the Bulgarian state has since admitted.

At the same time he was an agent for the notorious Cold War-era State Security, according to documents released by the Files Commission, a special panel investigating Bulgaria's former secret service.

Zitat:
Documents from Bulgaria’s business registry show that he has 75 per cent of the shares in the wholly privately owned business.

BIEM said in a written statement: “We strictly follow national and international legislation.

“You make connections and draw conclusions based on your own thoughts and assumptions and expect explanations which is neither our right, nor our obligation.”

Zitat:
Syria “sucking up” Serbian weapons

BIEM’s export licence for the Coyote deal was granted by the Serbian Ministry of Trade based on a legal document called an End User Certificate, guaranteeing the weapons will be used by Saudi’s security forces.

Although any re-export of the equipment required Serbia’s approval, Salam’s weapon, along quite probably with the full 205 sold to Riyadh, appears to have been illegally diverted to Syria by the Gulf kingdom, whose armed forces do not use such guns but rely largely on more modern, sophisticated Western-made weapons.

This might not be such a surprise to Serbian officials responsible for providing the export licence, despite official insistence they have no knowledge that Saudi Arabia is passing on arms to Syria.

According to confidential documents from Serbia’s Ministry of Defence and minutes from a series of inter-ministerial meetings in 2013, which BIRN and OCCRP published as part of its earlier investigation, officials blocked an export licence for weapons to Saudi Arabia that year for fear they might be illegally handed on to Syrian fighters.

Serbia, under its own anti-arms trafficking law, the UN-backed Arms Trade Treaty and the EU common position on the arms trade to which it is aligning itself, is required to stop the exports of weapons which are likely to be diverted, particularly to war zones and non-state groups accused of war crimes.

Yet in 2015, Serbia decided to ignore its earlier concerns and approved the Coyote deal alongside exports of other arms and ammunition to Saudi Arabia worth in all 135 million euros.

Serbia’s Ministry of Defence, one of the ministries consulted as part of the licensing process, told BIRN and OCCRP in a written statement that the export licences were approved because they would have a “positive impact” on Serbia’s defence industry, unlike the 2013 deal which involved imported equipment.

One high-ranking Serbian official, who feared being sacked if identified, told BIRN and OCCRP that “everybody knows” weapons are being diverted from Saudi Arabia to Syrian fighters, who were “sucking up everything they can get their hands on”.

“Our weapons suit them perfectly because they are of old and simple Soviet design,” the official added. “You can take any person from the street and teach him to use it in a matter of hours.”

EU member Bulgaria and its Ministry of Economy, which is subject to the similar legal requirements as Serbia, also approved a brokering licence for BIEM to sell the Coyotes to Saudi Arabia.

The Saudis, Turkish intelligence and the CIA, all key players in the training and supply of weapons to Syrian rebels, also probably needed to turn a blind eye to the End User Certificate as the weapons, legally destined for the Saudi security forces, made their way from the Gulf to Turkey, then Syria.

Neither Bulgarian nor Serbian officials answered questions about what actions they would take to prevent the diversion of weapons from Saudi Arabia to Syria.

The Saudi and Turkish foreign ministries also failed to provide a statement, while the CIA said it would not comment.



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BeitragVerfasst: 06. Jun 2017, 19:46 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
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AGMS ("Pandur") des USSOCOM in Syrien:



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BeitragVerfasst: 18. Jun 2017, 21:04 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
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Wahrscheinlich der erste Einsatz dieser Raketen, der nicht im Rahmen einer Übung geschieht:

Zitat:
Thomas Erdbrink
@ThomasErdbrink

BREAKING: Iran launches missiles, striking targets in Syria. Revolutionary Guards say in retaliation for last week's Tehran terror attacks.

Using missiles is a major escalation of Iran's role in the Syrian conflict. Until now it provided military advisors, volunteers, money.

The missiles were launched from western Iran, flew over Iraq striking targets in Deir ez Zor, in eastern Syria.

IRGC says targeted "takfiri terrorists' command HQ, assembly and strategic centre, places used for building their suicide bomb vehicles."




Es gibt dazu auch zwei Twitter-Meldungen eines gewissen Amir Ali Hajizadeh, das ist der Kommandeur der IRGC-Luftwaffe und des iranischen Raketenprogramms:


Angeblich handelte es sich um feststoffgetriebene Raketen des Typs "Zulfiqar" (ذوالفقار):


Dieses Modell ist relativ neu und wurde erst am 25. September 2016 öffentlich vorgestellt:


Es wäre interessant zu erfahren, wie der Steuerungsmechanismus ausgelegt ist und wie groß der CEP ist.


P.S.: Die USA verwenden seit kurzem HIMARS in Syrien. Die "Zulfiqar" ist im Grunde dasselbe - nur um ein paar Ecken leistungsfähiger und definitiv mit höherem CEP:

    Exclusive: US deploys long-range artillery system to southern Syria for first time (13. Juni 2017)

    Zitat:
    The US military has moved its High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) from Jordan into southern Syria for the first time, positioning it near the US-Coalition training base at At Tanf, three US defense officials confirmed to CNN Tuesday.

    Zitat:
    While this is the first HIMARS deployment to southern Syria, a US official told CNN that this was not the first time HIMARS has been used in the country, with the system being deployed to the north to help the Syrian Democratic Forces in their offensives against ISIS. US Marines have also used M777 howitzers in support of SDF units fighting ISIS in northern Syria.

    HIMARS had been previously used to strike ISIS targets from firing positions in Turkey and Jordan. The system has also been deployed in Iraq to hit ISIS positions there.



Edit.: Hier steht, dass Ziele in der syrischen Stadt Al-Mayadin angegriffen wurden:




SIOURIS George M.: Missile Guidance and Control Systems (New York-Berlin-Heidelberg 2004), p. 365-366 hat geschrieben:
This chapter presents various methods of missile guidance for long-range strategic missiles. These guidance systems include inertial, celestial navigation, and terrestrial reference and magnetic systems. Of the many types of automatic guidance systems, the most important developments pertain to the inertial navigation and guidance system. All inertial guidance systems are similar in basic operation. In its simplest terms, inertial guidance can be described as a type of guidance that is complete within itself. It needs no exterior energy or radiation source to determine its course. It emits no signal, and it does not depend on ground equipment to operate it once the missile is launched [11]. Inertial guidance is especially advantageous for ballistic missiles, because it sends no signal and receives no signal, and cannot be jammed. Also, it is almost impossible to detect or intercept. It is not influenced by weather conditions. Missiles can be launched and guided accurately to the target with all corrections for winds, atmospheric conditions, and other factors automatically made in flight. The inertial system is presently considered the best guidance system for use against stationary targets. During flight, the system computes its present position, altitude, and velocity, and it applies various compensations to its computer. These corrections minimize the errors introduced into the system by gravity, Coriolis, gyro unbalances, accelerometer bias and scale factor errors, and the nonspherical shape of the Earth. Specifically, the powered portion of the flight (i.e., from launch to burnout) is the most critical part of the flight. Therefore, during this critical phase of the flight, the path is determined by the inertial navigation and guidance system. On the other hand, during the free-flight phase, the trajectory is part of a conic section, almost always an ellipse. Reentry, as we shall see later, involves the dissipation of energy by friction with the atmosphere.

An inertial navigation and guidance system makes use of Newton’s second law of motion, which states, “An unbalanced force acting on a body causes the body to accelerate in the direction of the force, and the acceleration is directly proportional to the unbalanced force and inversely proportional to the mass of the body.” The three basic elements of any inertial system relating to a specific flight problem are accelerometers, gyroscopes, and memory devices. Even the most sophisticated of inertial guidance systems (i.e., systems using ring laser gyros, fiber-optic gyros, and microelectromechanical sensors or systems (MEMS)) today have some Counterpart to these basic elements. At the present time, there is very little that can be done to divert or destroy ballistic missiles, which are capable of traveling over intercontinental distances and at hypersonic speeds.



Edit.:


D.h. diese Raketen sind mindestens 600 km weit geflogen, bevor sie ihr Ziel erreicht haben.


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Edit.:

Inzwischen ist die Videoaufnahme einer Drohne aufgetaucht, die angeblich den Einschlag einer der Raketen in Al Mayadin zeigt (Sie ging knapp daneben. Das längliche Gebäude daneben ist ca. 10x4m groß.):


Hier zwei weitere Aufnahmen:



Iran says it hit targets in Syria with Zolfaghar ballistic missiles

Zitat:
An IRGC spokesman told the Tasnim News Agency that six ballistic missiles were launched from the Iranian provinces of Kermanshah and Kurdistan and flew 650-700 km to hit terrorist headquarters and depots in Syria's Dayr al-Zawr province during the previous night.

He said the missiles were launched as part of Operation 'Laylat al-Qadr': a response to the 7 June attack on the parliament building and the mausoleum of Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in Tehran, which was claimed by the Islamic State militant group.

The Iranian media released imagery of ballistic missiles being launched at night time, including photographs showing a member of the Fateh-110 family of solid-fuel ballistic missiles. As well as being easier to deploy than liquid-fuel 'Scud'-derivatives, these missiles are believed to have guidance systems that use commercial global navigation satellite systems (GNSSs) to make them far more accurate.

The IRGC spokesman said Zolfaghar (Zulfiqar) ballistic missiles, the newest and longest-range member of the family, were used in the attack. Unveiled in September 2016, the Zolfaghar is claimed to have a range of 700 km.



Das IFK hat in der Publikationsdatenbank des BMLVS mehrere Factsheets zum Konflikt in Syrien und im Irak publiziert:



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BeitragVerfasst: 20. Jun 2017, 18:05 

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BeitragVerfasst: 12. Jul 2017, 09:31 

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Zitat:
I think BBC Newsnight has provided the first ground-level look at the US base near Qarah Qawzaq, Syria. 36.649576 38.301993


The women leading the fight against IS in Syria – BBC Newsnight (ab 11:00)



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Link zu The Modeller
Link zu den Freunden Historischer Schiffe
Doppeladler.com - Plattform für Österreichs Militärgeschichte
The Modeller - Österreichs Militärgeschichte durch die Modellbaubrille
FHS - Die Freunde Historischer Schiffe
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