Wahrscheinlich der erste Einsatz dieser Raketen, der nicht im Rahmen einer Übung geschieht:
BREAKING: Iran launches missiles, striking targets in Syria. Revolutionary Guards say in retaliation for last week's Tehran terror attacks.
Using missiles is a major escalation of Iran's role in the Syrian conflict. Until now it provided military advisors, volunteers, money.
The missiles were launched from western Iran, flew over Iraq striking targets in Deir ez Zor, in eastern Syria.
IRGC says targeted "takfiri terrorists' command HQ, assembly and strategic centre, places used for building their suicide bomb vehicles."
Es gibt dazu auch zwei Twitter-Meldungen eines gewissen Amir Ali Hajizadeh, das ist der Kommandeur der IRGC-Luftwaffe und des iranischen Raketenprogramms:
Angeblich handelte es sich um feststoffgetriebene Raketen des Typs "Zulfiqar" (ذوالفقار):
Dieses Modell ist relativ neu und wurde erst am 25. September 2016 öffentlich vorgestellt:
Fotogalerie - iranisches Verteidigungsministerium
خط تولید موشک ذوالفقار در هفته دفاع مقدس افتتاح می شود (21. September 2016)
افتتاح خط تولید موشک ذوالفقار با برد 700 کیلومتر (25. September 2016)
Iran launches production line for Zolfaqar missiles
Es wäre interessant zu erfahren, wie der Steuerungsmechanismus ausgelegt ist und wie groß der CEP ist.
P.S.: Die USA verwenden seit kurzem HIMARS in Syrien. Die "Zulfiqar" ist im Grunde dasselbe - nur um ein paar Ecken leistungsfähiger und definitiv mit höherem CEP:
Exclusive: US deploys long-range artillery system to southern Syria for first time (13. Juni 2017)Edit.
The US military has moved its High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) from Jordan into southern Syria for the first time, positioning it near the US-Coalition training base at At Tanf, three US defense officials confirmed to CNN Tuesday.
While this is the first HIMARS deployment to southern Syria, a US official told CNN that this was not the first time HIMARS has been used in the country, with the system being deployed to the north to help the Syrian Democratic Forces in their offensives against ISIS. US Marines have also used M777 howitzers in support of SDF units fighting ISIS in northern Syria.
HIMARS had been previously used to strike ISIS targets from firing positions in Turkey and Jordan. The system has also been deployed in Iraq to hit ISIS positions there.
: Hier steht, dass Ziele in der syrischen Stadt Al-Mayadin angegriffen wurden:
منابع محلی سوریه حمله موشکی به دیرالزور را تایید کردند
SIOURIS George M.: Missile Guidance and Control Systems (New York-Berlin-Heidelberg 2004), p. 365-366 hat geschrieben:This chapter presents various methods of missile guidance for long-range strategic missiles. These guidance systems include inertial, celestial navigation, and terrestrial reference and magnetic systems. Of the many types of automatic guidance systems, the most important developments pertain to the inertial navigation and guidance system. All inertial guidance systems are similar in basic operation. In its simplest terms, inertial guidance can be described as a type of guidance that is complete within itself. It needs no exterior energy or radiation source to determine its course. It emits no signal, and it does not depend on ground equipment to operate it once the missile is launched . Inertial guidance is especially advantageous for ballistic missiles, because it sends no signal and receives no signal, and cannot be jammed. Also, it is almost impossible to detect or intercept. It is not influenced by weather conditions. Missiles can be launched and guided accurately to the target with all corrections for winds, atmospheric conditions, and other factors automatically made in flight. The inertial system is presently considered the best guidance system for use against stationary targets. During flight, the system computes its present position, altitude, and velocity, and it applies various compensations to its computer. These corrections minimize the errors introduced into the system by gravity, Coriolis, gyro unbalances, accelerometer bias and scale factor errors, and the nonspherical shape of the Earth. Specifically, the powered portion of the flight (i.e., from launch to burnout) is the most critical part of the flight. Therefore, during this critical phase of the flight, the path is determined by the inertial navigation and guidance system. On the other hand, during the free-flight phase, the trajectory is part of a conic section, almost always an ellipse. Reentry, as we shall see later, involves the dissipation of energy by friction with the atmosphere.
An inertial navigation and guidance system makes use of Newton’s second law of motion, which states, “An unbalanced force acting on a body causes the body to accelerate in the direction of the force, and the acceleration is directly proportional to the unbalanced force and inversely proportional to the mass of the body.” The three basic elements of any inertial system relating to a specific flight problem are accelerometers, gyroscopes, and memory devices. Even the most sophisticated of inertial guidance systems (i.e., systems using ring laser gyros, fiber-optic gyros, and microelectromechanical sensors or systems (MEMS)) today have some Counterpart to these basic elements. At the present time, there is very little that can be done to divert or destroy ballistic missiles, which are capable of traveling over intercontinental distances and at hypersonic speeds.
D.h. diese Raketen sind mindestens 600 km weit geflogen, bevor sie ihr Ziel erreicht haben.Edit.
Inzwischen ist die Videoaufnahme einer Drohne aufgetaucht, die angeblich den Einschlag einer der Raketen in Al Mayadin zeigt (Sie ging knapp daneben. Das längliche Gebäude daneben ist ca. 10x4m groß.):
Hier zwei weitere Aufnahmen:Iran says it hit targets in Syria with Zolfaghar ballistic missiles
An IRGC spokesman told the Tasnim News Agency that six ballistic missiles were launched from the Iranian provinces of Kermanshah and Kurdistan and flew 650-700 km to hit terrorist headquarters and depots in Syria's Dayr al-Zawr province during the previous night.
He said the missiles were launched as part of Operation 'Laylat al-Qadr': a response to the 7 June attack on the parliament building and the mausoleum of Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in Tehran, which was claimed by the Islamic State militant group.
The Iranian media released imagery of ballistic missiles being launched at night time, including photographs showing a member of the Fateh-110 family of solid-fuel ballistic missiles. As well as being easier to deploy than liquid-fuel 'Scud'-derivatives, these missiles are believed to have guidance systems that use commercial global navigation satellite systems (GNSSs) to make them far more accurate.
The IRGC spokesman said Zolfaghar (Zulfiqar) ballistic missiles, the newest and longest-range member of the family, were used in the attack. Unveiled in September 2016, the Zolfaghar is claimed to have a range of 700 km.
hat in der Publikationsdatenbank des BMLVS mehrere Factsheets zum Konflikt in Syrien und im Irak publiziert: