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Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Wehrtechnik & Rüstung, Gemeinsame Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik
theoderich
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 15. Mär 2016, 12:32

Iran said withdrawing all its fighting forces from Syria

Iran is withdrawing all of its 2,500-strong fighting force from Syria, Israeli television reported Sunday night.

Most of the forces have already been returned home, and the rest are on their way out, Channel 2 said. It said the decision was taken by Iran’s supreme leader Ali Khamenei and President Hassan Rouhani.

The forces, drawn from various units of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps, have been increasingly deployed to fight alongside President Bashar Assad’s forces for more than the past two years. They have sustained some 160 fatalities, with over 300 injured, the TV report said. Among the dead are at least six senior officers, including generals and colonels.

The report did not specify a single reason for the withdrawal, which comes amid a fragile new cease-fire in the bitter civil war, but highlighted an Iranian tradition, breached by their deployment, not to deploy fighting forces beyond the immediate area of Iran.

The report said 700 Iranian military advisers were staying in Syria, to assist Assad.

Tehran will also continue to arm and support Lebanon’s Hezbollah movement, which has itself dispatched forces to shore up the Syrian regime against local rebel forces, the report said.


Chris
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von Chris » 15. Mär 2016, 15:24

Gruppenzwang!
Zuletzt geändert von Chris am 06. Jul 2016, 08:28, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.

theoderich
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 15. Mär 2016, 15:57

Вылет первой группы самолетов ВКС с авиабазы Хмеймим в пункты пост.базирования на территории России


Bei mir funktioniert es. Bei der URL hat ein Teil gefehlt.

Die ersten paar Sekunden, als der Pilot über den Fahrwerksschacht in die Su-34 einsteigt, unterscheiden sich doch stark von europäischen oder amerikanischen Kampfflugzeugen (Wobei es ähnliches Material im NATO-Raum überhaupt nicht gibt.).

Chris
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von Chris » 15. Mär 2016, 17:01

Gruppenzwang!
Zuletzt geändert von Chris am 06. Jul 2016, 08:28, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.

theoderich
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 25. Mär 2016, 09:00

Bildergalerie: Ein Aufklärungsflug gegen den IS in Syrien

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Dieses Bild zeigt eine durch die IS-Terrormiliz besetzte Stadt. Die schwarzen Flaggen sind selbst aus mehreren tausend Metern Flughöhe zu erkennen.


theoderich
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 11. Apr 2016, 06:34


theoderich
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 01. Mai 2016, 19:55

Österreichs Außenminister fordert schlagkräftigere EU

Der österreichische Außenminister Sebastian Kurz hat in der Frankfurter Allgemeinen Sonntagszeitung (F.A.S.) eine aktivere Rolle der Europäischen Union in ihrer südlichen Nachbarschaft gefordert. Der Politiker der konservativen Partei ÖVP gab dabei zu erkennen, dass er darunter auch den Einsatz von Militär versteht.

„Im Süden haben wir dem IS-Terror viel zu lange zugesehen. Als Europa sollten wir wesentlich schlagkräftiger werden, was unsere Außen- und auch Verteidigungspolitik betrifft. Wir sollten aktiv werden, bevor ein solcher Flächenbrand überhaupt entsteht“, sagte der Minister. Die Europäische Union habe ein Interesse daran, „dass es einen Gürtel der Stabilität rund um Europa gibt“.

Die österreichische Neutralität sei kein Hindernis für sein Land, sich an solchen Missionen zu beteiligen. „Wenn ich mir die Bedrohungsszenarien ansehe, dann engt die Neutralität nicht ein. Es gibt keine Neutralität gegenüber dem Terrorismus. Insofern haben wir alle Handlungsmöglichkeiten, die wir brauchen, um ein ordentlicher Partner zu sein.“

Kurz verwies auf den Einsatz von insgesamt rund 1000 österreichischen Soldaten auf dem Balkan, teils unter Führung der EU, teils auch der Nato. „Es gibt durchaus die Möglichkeit, bei friedenserhaltenden Missionen und im europäischen Kontext mitzuwirken.“



Kurz fordert Militäreinsatz gegen IS


Durch die UN-Resolutionen 2249 und 2254 wäre das zweifellos möglich. Nur: Wie könnte Österreich hier etwas beitragen? Mit welchem Personal? Mit welcher Ausrüstung und Bewaffnung? Wir haben einen Assistenzeinsatz laufen, der so ziemlich alles an Personal und Fahrzeugen bindet das noch vorhanden ist.

theoderich
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 02. Mai 2016, 12:29

ÖVP-Wehrsprecher: Kurz will keinen Kampfeinsatz gegen IS

ÖVP-Wehrsprecher Bernd Schönegger sieht Außenminister Sebastian Kurz (ÖVP) missverstanden. „Das Team Stronach verdreht hier bewusst die Aussagen von Kurz hin zu einem Kampfeinsatz österreichischer Soldaten", kritisierte Schönegger am Montag in einer Aussendung.

Team-Stronach-Klubobmann Robert Lugar und FPÖ-Präsidentschaftskandidat Norbert Hofer hatten zuvor einen Militäreinsatz des Bundesheeres in Syrien abgelehnt und sich auf ein Interview von Kurz in der „Frankfurter Allgemeinen Sonntagszeitung" berufen. Der ÖVP-Wehrsprecher richtete Lugar (Hofer erwähnte er nicht) nun aus: „Lesen hilft!".

Doskozil: Frage nach Bodentruppen stellt sich nicht

Für Verteidigungsminister Hans Peter Doskozil (SPÖ) stellt sich die Frage nach österreichischen Bodentruppen im Kampf gegen den IS-Terror derzeit nicht. "Österreich ist ein neutraler Staat und wir müssen uns unsere Neutralität auch erhalten", so Doskozil, für den das "ganz konkret bedeutet, dass sich diese Frage, ob Österreich sich bei einer bodenmilitärischen Intervention in Syrien beteiligt, zum jetzigen Zeitpunkt nicht stellt".

Zu der Forderung von Kurz nach mehr europäischer Schlagkraft sagte Doskozil, dass es "grundsätzlich ein richtiges Ansinnen ist, wenn man sagt, dort wo ein Krisenherd oder eine Kriegssituation besteht, eine Befriedungssituation herstellt, weil wir jetzt ja im europäischen Kontext sehen, wie hilflos wir in vielen Bereichen sind, wenn wir mit der Migrationsthematik befasst sind". Derzeit würden aber weder Nato noch die Vereinten Nationen operativ mit Bodentruppen etwa in Syrien oder Libyen eingreifen.


Wenn der Außenminister solche Aussagen tätigt, sollte er wenigstens die Courage haben, auch dazu zu stehen.

theoderich
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 26. Mai 2016, 21:52

US-Spezialeinheiten unterstützen Angriff auf Raqqa

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American troops on Wednesday in Fatisah, Syria. Pentagon officials have said Americans are not involved in any combat role on the ground in the country.


theoderich
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 17. Jun 2016, 09:46

Dozens of U.S. Diplomats, in Memo, Urge Strikes Against Syria’s Assad

More than 50 State Department diplomats have signed an internal memo sharply critical of the Obama administration’s policy in Syria, urging the United States to carry out military strikes against the government of President Bashar al-Assad to stop its persistent violations of a cease-fire in the country’s five-year-old civil war.

The memo, a draft of which was provided to The New York Times by a State Department official, says American policy has been “overwhelmed” by the unrelenting violence in Syria. It calls for “a judicious use of stand-off and air weapons, which would undergird and drive a more focused and hard-nosed U.S.-led diplomatic process.”
´
But the memo, filed in the State Department’s “dissent channel,” underscores the deep rifts and lingering frustration within the administration over how to deal with a war that has killed more than 400,000 people.

The State Department set up the channel during the Vietnam War as a way for employees who had disagreements with policies to register their protest with the secretary of state and other top officials, without fear of reprisal. While dissent cables are not that unusual, the number of signatures on this document, 51, is extremely large, if not unprecedented.

The names on the memo are almost all midlevel officials — many of them career diplomats — who have been involved in the administration’s Syria policy over the last five years, at home or abroad. They range from a Syria desk officer in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs to a former deputy to the American ambassador in Damascus.

While there are no widely recognized names, higher-level State Department officials are known to share their concerns. Mr. Kerry himself has pushed for stronger American action against Syria, in part to force a diplomatic solution on Mr. Assad. The president has resisted such pressure, and has been backed up by his military commanders, who have raised questions about what would happen in the event that Mr. Assad was forced from power — a scenario that the draft memo does not address.

The State Department spokesman, John Kirby, declined to comment on the memo, which top officials had just received. But he said Mr. Kerry respected the process as a way for employees “to express policy views candidly and privately to senior leadership.”

In the memo, the State Department officials wrote that the Assad government’s continuing violations of the partial cease-fire, known as a cessation of hostilities, will doom efforts to broker a political settlement because Mr. Assad will feel no pressure to negotiate with the moderate opposition or other factions fighting him. The government’s barrel bombing of civilians, it said, is the “root cause of the instability that continues to grip Syria and the broader region.”

“The moral rationale for taking steps to end the deaths and suffering in Syria, after five years of brutal war, is evident and unquestionable,” it said. “The status quo in Syria will continue to present increasingly dire, if not disastrous, humanitarian, diplomatic and terrorism-related challenges.”

The memo acknowledged that military action would have risks, not the least further tensions with Russia, which has intervened in the war on Mr. Assad’s behalf and helped negotiate a cease-fire. Those tensions increased on Thursday when, according to a senior Pentagon official, Russia conducted airstrikes in southern Syria against American-backed forces fighting the Islamic State.

The State Department officials insisted in their memo that they were not “advocating for a slippery slope that ends in a military confrontation with Russia,” but rather a credible threat of military action to keep Mr. Assad in line.



State Department Draft Dissent Memo on Syria



Wenn man keine Verantwortung für die Folgen seines Handelns zu tragen hat, ist es leicht, solche Forderungen zu erheben. Dass es im US-Außenministerium noch Leute gibt, die der Illusion einer "moderaten Opposition" anhängen, ist erst recht erstaunlich. Und damit will ich nicht behaupten, dass die Regierung Assad mit der Heilsarmee gleichzusetzen ist.

theoderich
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 17. Jul 2016, 09:38

Pentagon loses Turkish airspace access crucial in airstrikes against Isis

The coup attempt in Turkey has yielded its first tangible disruption to the war against Islamic State, as the Pentagon has temporarily lost access to the Turkish airfield it uses as its primary staging ground for its air campaign in Syria and Iraq.

Although the Pentagon press secretary, Peter Cook, on Saturday portrayed the interruption as surmountable, there was no indication as to when the US would regain access to the Incirlik airbase in south-eastern Turkey, as a defiant Turkish elected government has begun arresting thousands of military officers and soldiers in reprisal for the failed coup.

Turkish airspace, including that over the Incirlik airbase, was closed to military aircraft – some of which flew above Ankara during the attempted takeover on Friday night.

“US officials are working with the Turks to resume air operations there as soon as possible,” Cook said in a statement, reversing an assurance on Friday that the then unfolding coup would not immediately affect the Isis campaign.

“In the meantime, US air forces central command is adjusting flight operations in the counter-Isil campaign to minimize any effects on the campaign,” said Cook, adding that the US-operated facilities at the airbase were unaffected by a broader outage to commercial power in the country.

In addition to Iraqi military airfields open to US warplanes, the aircraft carrier USS Dwight D Eisenhower is in the Persian Gulf. But while last month the US briefly had two carriers in the eastern Mediterranean – the Eisenhower, en route to the Middle East, and USS Harry S Truman, which returned to its Norfolk, Virginia, home port on 13 July – it currently has none in the waters nearest to Syria.


theoderich
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 29. Jul 2016, 14:42

Making a Killing: The 1.2 Billion Euro Arms Pipeline to Middle East



Revealed: the £1bn of weapons flowing from Europe to Middle East

Arms export data, UN reports, plane tracking, and weapons contracts examined during a year-long investigation reveal how the munitions were sent east from Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Montenegro, Slovakia, Serbia and Romania.

Since the escalation of the Syrian conflict in 2012, the eight countries have approved €1.2bn (£1bn) of weapons and ammunition exports to Saudi Arabia, Jordan, the United Arab Emirates and Turkey – key arms markets for Syria and Yemen.

In the past, the region had virtually no track record of buying from central and eastern Europe. But purchases appear to be escalating, with some of the biggest deals approved in 2015.

Arms export licences were granted despite fears from experts and within governments that the weapons could end up with the Syrian armed opposition, arguably in breach of national, EU and other international agreements.

Eastern and central European weapons and ammunition, identified from videos and photos posted on social media, are now being used by western-backed Free Syrian Army units, but are also in the hands of fighters from Islamist groups such as Ansar al-Sham, the al Qaeda-affiliated Jabhat al-Nusra, Islamic State, factions fighting for the Syrian president, Bashar-al-Assad, and by Sunni forces in Yemen.

Markings on some of the ammunition identifying the origin and date of manufacture reveal significant quantities have come off production lines as recently as 2015.

The weapons pipeline opened in the winter of 2012, when dozens of cargo planes, loaded with Saudi-purchased Yugoslav-era weapons and ammunition, began leaving Zagreb bound for Jordan. Soon after, the first footage of Croatian weapons emerged from Syria.

Croatia’s government has consistently denied any part in shipping weapons to Syria, but Robert Stephen Ford, the US ambassador to Syria between 2011 and 2014, said Zagreb had concluded a deal in 2012 that the Saudis bankrolled.

This was just the beginning. Arms dealers in eastern Europe procured assets from their own countries and brokered the sale of ammunition from Ukraine and Belarus, even attempting to secure Soviet-made anti-tank systems bought from the UK.

Since 2012, BIRN and OCCRP say, €806m worth of weapons and ammunition exports were approved by the eastern European countries to Saudi Arabia, citing national and EU arms export reports and government sources.

Jordan secured €155m worth of export licences in this period, the investigators say, while the UAE acquired €135m and Turkey €87m, bringing the total for those four years to just under €1.2bn.

In a confidential document obtained by BIRN and OCCRP from November 2013, a senior official at Serbia’s defence ministry revealed concerns that deliveries to Saudi Arabia would be diverted to Syria.

Jeremy Binnie, the Middle East arms expert for the publication Jane’s Defence Weekly, said: “The militaries of Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and the UAE and Turkey use western infantry weapons and ammunition, rather than Soviet-designed counterparts. It consequently seems likely that large shipments of such materiel being acquired by – or sent to – those countries are destined for their allies in Syria, Yemen and Libya.”

The weapons are delivered by air and by sea. By tracking the movement of aircraft and ships, BIRN and OCCRP were able to follow the flow of arms in real time.

Belgrade, Sofia and Bratislava emerged as the main hubs for the airlift. Serbia’s aviation authority confirmed that 49 of the flights were transporting weapons in a response to a freedom of information request.

EU flight statistics provide further evidence of the scale of the operation. They reveal that planes from Bulgaria and Slovakia have delivered thousands of tonnes of unidentified cargo since the summer of 2014 to the same military bases in Saudi Arabia and the UAE pinpointed by BIRN and OCCRP.

Arms bought by the Saudis, Turks, Jordanians and the UAE for Syria are routed through two secret command hubs – called military operation centres (MOCs) – in Jordan and Turkey, according to Ford.

The weapons are then transported by road to the Syrian border or airdropped by military planes. The Saudis are also known to have airdropped materiel, including what appeared to be Serbia-made assault rifles, to their allies in Yemen.

The Saudis and Turks are also known to have provided weapons directly to Islamist groups not supported by the US and who, in some cases, are fighting MOC-backed factions.

Washington has also bought and delivered large quantities of military materiel from central and eastern Europe for the Syrian opposition in an attempt to counter the spread of Isis.

Since December 2015, three cargo ships commissioned by the US military’s Special Operations Command (Socom), in charge of the covert supply of weapons to Syria, have left Black Sea ports in the Balkans for the Middle East, according to American procurement documents and ship tracking data.

Some 4,700 tonnes of Warsaw Pact weaponry – including heavy machine guns, rocket launchers and anti-tank weapons, as well as bullets, mortars, grenades, rockets and other explosives – have been delivered from Bulgaria and Romania to military facilities in Jordan and Turkey, according to procurement documents and ship tracking data. The latest US-chartered ship left Bulgaria on 21 June carrying about 1,700 tonnes of the same materiel to an unidentified Red Sea port.

SOCOM said in a statement the “munitions are to support Special Operations and its missions worldwide.

“We will not confirm types of equipment which may be used for training and equipping partnered foreign forces in support of Special Operations missions.”



War Gains: Bulgarian Arms Add Fuel to Middle East Conflicts (21. Dezember 2015)



Arms Airlift to Syria Rebels Expands, With Aid From C.I.A. (24. März 2013)


theoderich
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 11. Aug 2016, 22:52

Britain's secretive and lethal force in Syria



UK special forces pictured on the ground in Syria


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Joseph Dempsey
@JosephHDempsey

Foreign origin M1070 tank transporters in #Syria - Observed June at #NSyA base rpt used by #US & #UK Special Forces



Fox LRPV Tactical Vehicle

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Zuletzt geändert von theoderich am 21. Aug 2016, 10:03, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.

theoderich
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 16. Aug 2016, 21:43

As the ambassador who led the security council attempts to brand Saddam Hussein for using chemical weapons in the Iraq-Iran war, I know that no one admits to using chemical weapons, and that those who know the truth are squeamish about declaring it. So I raise my eyebrows when I read in your editorial (13 August) that “it now seems beyond doubt that the Assad regime is using chemical weapons against the civilian population”. I do not doubt the regime is capable of doing as you say, but we need to condemn on facts, not capabilities. You adduce no new ones beyond pointing out correctly that both sides have used chlorine. You also mention the Ghouta atrocity of August 2013, but it has not been internationally established who did it. The evidence from the short-range rocket used was initially misstated: the correct figures do not prove that the regime was responsible. For what it is worth, it should be noted that the rebels have benefited a lot more than the regime from the incident.

Action now should be for the US and Russia to agree on total condemnation of the use of bromobenzyl cyanide (CA) and chloride, and to use this as the basis for a comprehensive plan to cease fighting immediately on the existing lines. With the two powers in agreement there would be a good prospect of security council support and the addition of some international teeth. Then we could at last concentrate on getting rid of Isis.

John Thomson
Castle Douglas, Dumfries and Galloway



Iranian military official: We will 'uproot' Jabhat al-Nusra (15. August 2016)

“Nothing really happened,” an Iranian military source told Al-Monitor on condition of anonymity. “What does it really mean in the field? … It's only a public relations move that makes it easier for backers of the terrorist group to pay money and send arms [to it] without being criticized. So rather than paying in secret, they'll do it openly.”

To Iran, Jabhat al-Nusra, Jaish al-Fatah and Ahrar al-Sham are much more dangerous than the Islamic State, the Iranian military source told Al-Monitor. “International and regional backers are doing whatever possible to tell the world that these groups are moderate Islamists, while they know that they are all — like Daesh — of the same origin, which is al-Qaeda.” The Iranian military source said, “Today, the central command of al-Qaeda is weak. The killing of Osama bin Laden left the group with nothing but some heritage that’s being exploited every now and then by its leaders to preserve influence, but now that even this heritage is gone, the [al-Qaeda-linked] groups are giving up their ‘mother’ because of her enemies. But this means that one day, when they are stronger, they [al-Qaeda affiliates] won’t mind giving up their new allies for whoever will preserve their existence. That’s why we are going to rid the world of them.”

The source added, “For years now, we’ve been doing our duty without looking at names and without giving attention to whoever is backing and supporting [these groups]. We’ll continue to do what we have to do, wherever we need to be, and whether it’s [Jabhat al-] Nusra, al-Qaeda, Daesh — or the new name it [Jabhat al-Nusra, now Jabhat Fatah al-Sham] was given — our mandate is to uproot it and rid the region of such a terrorist group. But it’s not us who should be on alert; it’s their backers who will be the first to be hit. Those who carried out the Sept. 11 attacks were one day sweethearts of the United States in Afghanistan, and there’s no doubt that those in Syria, when strong enough, will want to do 10 times what happened in New York in 2001. We know our enemy well, but others — despite their advanced techniques in foreseeing dangers — are still supporting their real enemies.”

Alaeddin Boroujerdi, the head of Iran’s parliamentary national security and foreign policy commission, said Aug. 4, “Dividing terrorists between good ones and bad ones doesn’t change anything.” Following a meeting with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in Syria, Boroujerdi said, “Changing the names of terrorist groups doesn’t change the fact that they are terrorists. This won’t change the nature of such groups, and Jabhat al-Nusra continues to embrace the same radical, terrorist mentality despite the name change.”

Zuletzt geändert von theoderich am 22. Aug 2016, 20:52, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.

theoderich
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 19. Aug 2016, 20:55

USA schicken Flugzeuge zur Verteidigung syrischer Kurden

Angesichts einer neuen Offensive der syrischen Regierungstruppen im Nordosten des Landes haben die USA den dortigen Kurden Luftunterstützung gegeben.

Mit dem Einsatz mehrerer Kampfjets hätten die US-Streitkräfte ihre Verbündeten „geschützt“ und klargemacht, dass die US-Luftwaffe „Truppen am Boden im Bedrohungsfall schützen“ werde, sagte Pentagon-Sprecher Jeff Davis heute in Washington.

Die Angriffe der syrischen Truppen auf die von Kurden gehaltene Stadt Hassaka begannen am Mittwoch, die US-Luftwaffe griff am Donnerstag ein.


Interessanterweise berichtet das DoD ganz anders. Wahrscheinlich geht es bei den "coalition forces [...] conducting operations there" um Spezialeinsatzkräfte. Die Agenturmeldung gibt die Geschehnisse verzerrt wieder:

    DoD: Syrian Regime Airstrikes Near Hasakah Put Coalition Forces at Risk

    U.S. planes were scrambled yesterday over northeastern Syria after two Syrian air force SU-24 attack planes conducted strikes near Hasakah while coalition forces were conducting operations there as part of Operation Inherent Resolve, Defense Department spokesman Navy Capt. Jeff Davis said today.

    The airstrikes were preceded by a couple of days of clashes on the ground that involved artillery, Davis told reporters at the Pentagon this morning.

    “It troubles us when we see …regime airstrikes in Hasakah in an area where it's well known by everybody, to include the [Bashar al-Assad] regime, that the coalition is actively engaged in operations against [the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant,” he said.

    “We view instances that place coalition personnel at risk with the utmost seriousness,” Davis added, “and we do have the inherent right of self-defense when U.S. forces are at risk.”

    Davis said this is the first time U.S. planes have been scrambled in response to Syrian bombing, and that the coalition has never before seen the Assad regime take such action against the mainly Kurdish YPG.

    Ensuring Safety

    When the strikes occurred, Davis said that partners on the ground used the guard frequency, an aviator frequency that pilots are supposed to monitor, to try to reach the planes. There was no response.

    Afterward, Davis said, “we immediately contacted the Russians … via our established [memorandum of understanding] channel used for de-confliction of airspace and to ensure the safety of coalition forces and their counter-ISIL efforts, and they assured us the aircraft were not Russian.”

    The coalition made clear to the Russians to pass along to the Syrians that U.S. aircraft would defend troops on the ground if threatened, the captain said.

    “And, we continue to monitor airspace in proximity to our forces,” he added.

    Coalition aircraft were sent to the area, Davis said, but by the time they reached the airspace around Hasakah, the Syrian planes were departing.

    Coalition and U.S. special operations forces were in the area at the time, but no one was affected by the airstrikes and they are safe, he added.



    U.S. jets scramble as Syrians bomb near American forces

    Following the initial Thursday incident, the coalition began “actively patrolling the airspace nearby,” a Defense Department official said. Early Friday, “two Syrian SU-24 aircraft attempted to transit the area and were met by coalition fighter aircraft,” which “encouraged” the Syrians to depart “without further incident,” said the official, who spoke on a Pentagon-imposed condition of anonymity.

____________________________

Videoaufnahmen eines Angriffs mit Marschflugkörpern Kalibr-NK:



Und Videos bzw. Fotos von Starts russischer Kampfflugzeuge in Hamedan:

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Bild

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Jeremy Binnie
@JeremyBinnie

Russia is building a second runway at Mozdok, disrupted flight ops may be factor behind deploying Tu-22M3s to Iran

01:21 - 17. Aug. 2016


Jeremy Binnie@JeremyBinnie · 17. Aug.

@Pickme2be It's actually a longer distance to fly to Syria from a Tu-22M3 base (eg Ryazan) via Hamadan rather than Mozdok


Von Mozdok nach Syrien (Aleppo) durch aserbaidschanischen, iranischen und irakischen Luftraum sind es ca. 1.700 km. Von Rjasan aus 2.900 - 3000 km.


P.S.: Ich habe mal die Mitglieder der "Koalition" recherchiert, auf die sich die Medien immer wieder berufen:

    Proposed Authorization to Use Military Force in Syria (10. September 2013)



    The Global Coalition to Counter ISIL

    On September 10, 2014, President Obama announced the formation of a broad international coalition to defeat The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) emphasizing, “Our objective is clear: We will degrade, and ultimately destroy, ISIL through a comprehensive and sustained counterterrorism strategy.”

    [... ]

    As noted in UN Security Council Resolution 2170, “terrorism can only be defeated by a sustained and comprehensive approach involving the active participation and collaboration of all States… which is why our first priority is to encourage others to join in this important endeavor.”

    The Global Coalition to Degrade and Defeat ISIL

    Sixty-six coalition partners have committed themselves to the goals of eliminating the threat posed by ISIL and have already contributed in various capacities to the effort to combat ISIL in Iraq, the region and beyond. The breadth and diversity of partners supporting the coalition demonstrate the global and unified nature of this endeavor.

      Afghanistan
      Albania
      Arab League
      Australia
      Austria
      Kingdom of Bahrain
      Kingdom of Belgium
      Bosnia and
      Herzegovina
      Bulgaria
      Canada
      Croatia
      Cyprus
      Czech Republic
      Denmark
      Arab Republic of
      Egypt
      Estonia
      European Union
      Finland
      France
      Georgia
      Germany
      Greece
      Hungary
      Iceland
      Republic of Iraq
      Ireland
      Italy
      Japan
      Jordan
      Republic of Korea
      Kosovo
      Kuwait
      Latvia
      Lebanon
      Lithuania
      Luxembourg
      Macedonia
      Malaysia
      Moldova
      Montenegro
      Morocco
      Netherlands
      New Zealand
      Nigeria
      Norway
      Oman
      Panama
      Poland
      Portugal
      Qatar
      Romania
      Saudi Arabia
      Serbia
      Singapore
      Slovakia
      Slovenia
      Somalia
      Spain
      Sweden
      Taiwan
      Tunisia
      Turkey
      Ukraine
      United Arab Emirates
      United Kingdom
      United States



    Remarks at Top of Meeting on Building an Anti-ISIL Coalition Co-Chaired by Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel, U.K. Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond, and U.K. Defense Secretary Michael Fallon (5. September 2014)



    Statement by the President on ISIL (10. September 2014)

    First, we will conduct a systematic campaign of airstrikes against these terrorists. Working with the Iraqi government, we will expand our efforts beyond protecting our own people and humanitarian missions, so that we’re hitting ISIL targets as Iraqi forces go on offense. Moreover, I have made it clear that we will hunt down terrorists who threaten our country, wherever they are. That means I will not hesitate to take action against ISIL in Syria, as well as Iraq. This is a core principle of my presidency: If you threaten America, you will find no safe haven.

    Second, we will increase our support to forces fighting these terrorists on the ground. In June, I deployed several hundred American servicemembers to Iraq to assess how we can best support Iraqi security forces. Now that those teams have completed their work –- and Iraq has formed a government –- we will send an additional 475 servicemembers to Iraq. As I have said before, these American forces will not have a combat mission –- we will not get dragged into another ground war in Iraq. But they are needed to support Iraqi and Kurdish forces with training, intelligence and equipment. We’ll also support Iraq’s efforts to stand up National Guard Units to help Sunni communities secure their own freedom from ISIL’s control.

    Across the border, in Syria, we have ramped up our military assistance to the Syrian opposition. Tonight, I call on Congress again to give us additional authorities and resources to train and equip these fighters. In the fight against ISIL, we cannot rely on an Assad regime that terrorizes its own people -- a regime that will never regain the legitimacy it has lost. Instead, we must strengthen the opposition as the best counterweight to extremists like ISIL, while pursuing the political solution necessary to solve Syria’s crisis once and for all.

    Third, we will continue to draw on our substantial counterterrorism capabilities to prevent ISIL attacks. Working with our partners, we will redouble our efforts to cut off its funding; improve our intelligence; strengthen our defenses; counter its warped ideology; and stem the flow of foreign fighters into and out of the Middle East. And in two weeks, I will chair a meeting of the U.N. Security Council to further mobilize the international community around this effort.

    Fourth, we will continue to provide humanitarian assistance to innocent civilians who have been displaced by this terrorist organization. This includes Sunni and Shia Muslims who are at grave risk, as well as tens of thousands of Christians and other religious minorities. We cannot allow these communities to be driven from their ancient homelands.

    So this is our strategy. And in each of these four parts of our strategy, America will be joined by a broad coalition of partners. Already, allies are flying planes with us over Iraq; sending arms and assistance to Iraqi security forces and the Syrian opposition; sharing intelligence; and providing billions of dollars in humanitarian aid. Secretary Kerry was in Iraq today meeting with the new government and supporting their efforts to promote unity. And in the coming days he will travel across the Middle East and Europe to enlist more partners in this fight, especially Arab nations who can help mobilize Sunni communities in Iraq and Syria, to drive these terrorists from their lands. This is American leadership at its best: We stand with people who fight for their own freedom, and we rally other nations on behalf of our common security and common humanity.



        U.S. Begins Airstrikes Against ISIL in Syria (22. September 2014)

        U.S. and partner nation forces have begun airstrikes inside Syria against terrorists from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Pentagon Press Secretary Navy Adm. John Kirby said in a statement today.

        The strikes are being undertaken through a mix of fighter and bomber aircraft and Tomahawk Land Attack missiles, he said.

        “Given that these operations are ongoing, we are not in a position to provide additional details at this time,” Kirby noted.

        The decision to begin the airstrikes in Syria was made earlier today by Centcom Commander Army Gen. Lloyd Austin, the admiral said. The strikes are being made under authorization granted by the commander in chief, President Barack Obama, as part of the comprehensive strategy to degrade and ultimately destroy ISIL.



    Letter from the President -- War Powers Resolution Regarding Syria (23. September 2014)



    S.J.Res.23 - Authorization for Use of Military Force
    107th Congress (2001-2002)


    SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This joint resolution may be cited as the ‘‘Authorization for Use of Military Force’’.

    SEC. 2. AUTHORIZATION FOR USE OF UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES.

    (a) IN GENERAL.—That the President is authorized to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the United States by such nations, organizations or persons.

    (b) WAR POWERS RESOLUTION REQUIREMENTS.—

      (1) SPECIFIC STATUTORY AUTHORIZATION.—Consistent with section 8(a)(1) of the War Powers Resolution, the Congress declares that this section is intended to constitute specific statutory authorization within the meaning of section 5(b) of theWar Powers Resolution.



    Background Conference Call on Airstrikes in Syria (23. September 2014)

      SENIOR ADMINISTRATION OFFICIAL: [...] In terms of the sequencing, the President authorized this military action on Thursday, following his visit to CENTCOM on Wednesday. He was briefed by General Austin while he was on the ground at CENTCOM, as well as other members of his military advisors. And on Thursday, he authorized them to move forward with the strike plan that he had been briefed on, on Syria.

    Q: Hi, thank you. I wanted to ask about the whole question of authorization and where you stand now on the various bills in the House and the Senate; calls for eliminating the two existing authorizations and/or combining them into a single one. What you would like to see that say. When you would like to see it considered in Congress.

    More specifically on last night, can you talk a bit about the authorization for that? I know you said that some of this is under the ’01 al Qaeda authorization. I’m not quite sure I’ve heard a good explanation of how those two things correlate. And you just sent out a War Powers notification to Congress on the Khorasan strikes. It would seem to me that that is the one group that actually would come over the ’01 authorization. So why would you send a War Powers authorization on that and not on the Syria strikes?

    And finally -- and then I’ll shut up -- the President has spoken many times about the new strategy, including a near-certainty that strikes would not hit civilians, and also that it required an imminent threat to the homeland. You said that there is no imminent threat to the homeland from ISIL.

      SENIOR ADMINISTRATION OFFICIAL: So I think I’ll turn to -- we have our NSC legal advisor on the phone here who can give you the best answer on that.

      SENIOR ADMINISTRATION OFFICIAL: So just starting with the question of the authorizations, I think that -- we believe the President had the authority under the 2001 AUMF to conduct the military operations against both ISIL and the Khorasan Group. The Khorasan Group, because they are part of -- they’re al Qaeda veterans, they’re also associated with al Nusra Front in Syria, we believe that they are very clearly within the ambit of the AUMF, which applies to al Qaeda, the Taliban and associated forces. And so they would be subject to the 2001 AUMF.

      ISIL is also, we believe, subject to the 2001 AUMF. And I think to understand why that’s so, you have to understand a little bit about the history of ISIL. They were, beginning in 2003, known and affiliated directly with Osama bin Laden; they were known as al Qaeda in Iraq for a number of years. And we, the United States and coalition partners, used force against al Qaeda in Iraq for a number of years. They were at war with the U.S. And it was only recently that they split with al Qaeda, but they remain at war and in conflict with the United States.

      And given the history of this group going back many years, given the fact that we have been in conflict with them for many years and that hasn’t changed, we don’t believe that Congress would have intended to remove the President’s authority to use force against this group simply because the group had a disagreement with al Qaeda leadership. And so based on that history, based on their longtime connections to al Qaeda, and based on the fact that they continue to be in conflict with the United States and U.S. partners and allies, we believe that the 2001 AUMF would still apply to ISIL.

      The filing of the War Powers Reports today -- we actually filed two War Powers Reports earlier today; one to notify Congress on operations against ISIL, and the second on the Khorasan Group. I think we’ve -- in both cases, it follows a pattern this administration has followed in keeping the Congress notified at appropriate intervals of our operations against ISIL. You’ve seen a number of War Powers reports filed over the past two to three months. That’s also true with al Qaeda, where we periodically update Congress on operations against al Qaeda. And I think the judgment here was that these were both significant enough operations that we believed that further War Powers notification was merited.



        U.S. Military, Partner Nations Conduct Airstrikes in Syria (23. September 2014)

        U.S. military forces and partner nations, including Bahrain, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, undertook military action against ISIL terrorists in Syria overnight, according to a U.S. Central Command news release.

        A mix of fighters, bombers, remotely piloted aircraft and Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles conducted 14 strikes against ISIL targets.

        The strikes destroyed or damaged multiple ISIL targets in the vicinity of the towns of Ar Raqqah in north central Syria, Dayr az Zawr and Abu Kamal in eastern Syria and Al Hasakah in northeastern Syria. The targets included ISIL fighters, training compounds, headquarters and command and control facilities, storage facilities, a finance center, supply trucks and armed vehicles, the news release said.

        The United States employed 47 Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles, launched from the USS Arleigh Burke and USS Philippine Sea, which were operating from international waters in the Red Sea and North Arabian Gulf. In addition, U.S. Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps fighters, bombers and remotely piloted aircraft deployed to the U.S. Central Command area of operations participated in the airstrikes.

        Bahrain, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates also participated in or supported the airstrikes against ISIL targets. All aircraft safely exited the strike areas.



    Joint Statement Issued by Partners at the Counter-ISIL Coalition Ministerial Meeting (3. Dezember 2014)



    Senate Foreign Relations Committee Passes Authorization for Use of Military Force Against ISIL (11. Dezember 2014)



    For Immediate Release

    February 11, 2015

    Letter from the President -- Authorization for the Use of United States Armed Forces in connection with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

    TO THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES:

    The so-called Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) poses a threat to the people and stability of Iraq, Syria, and the broader Middle East, and to U.S. national security. It threatens American personnel and facilities located in the region and is responsible for the deaths of U.S. citizens James Foley, Steven Sotloff, Abdul-Rahman Peter Kassig, and Kayla Mueller. If left unchecked, ISIL will pose a threat beyond the Middle East, including to the United States homeland.

    I have directed a comprehensive and sustained strategy to degrade and defeat ISIL. As part of this strategy, U.S. military forces are conducting a systematic campaign of airstrikes against ISIL in Iraq and Syria. Although existing statutes provide me with the authority I need to take these actions, I have repeatedly expressed my commitment to working with the Congress to pass a bipartisan authorization for the use of military force (AUMF) against ISIL. Consistent with this commitment, I am submitting a draft AUMF that would authorize the continued use of military force to degrade and defeat ISIL.

    My Administration's draft AUMF would not authorize long‑term, large-scale ground combat operations like those our Nation conducted in Iraq and Afghanistan. Local forces, rather than U.S. military forces, should be deployed to conduct such operations. The authorization I propose would provide the flexibility to conduct ground combat operations in other, more limited circumstances, such as rescue operations involving U.S. or coalition personnel or the use of special operations forces to take military action against ISIL leadership. It would also authorize the use of U.S. forces in situations where ground combat operations are not expected or intended, such as intelligence collection and sharing, missions to enable kinetic strikes, or the provision of operational planning and other forms of advice and assistance to partner forces.

    Although my proposed AUMF does not address the 2001 AUMF, I remain committed to working with the Congress and the American people to refine, and ultimately repeal, the 2001 AUMF. Enacting an AUMF that is specific to the threat posed by ISIL could serve as a model for how we can work together to tailor the authorities granted by the 2001 AUMF.

    I can think of no better way for the Congress to join me in supporting our Nation's security than by enacting this legislation, which would show the world we are united in our resolve to counter the threat posed by ISIL.

    BARACK OBAMA

    THE WHITE HOUSE,
    February 11, 2015.



    Senator Menendez Statement on Authorization for Use of Military Force to Combat ISIL (11. Februar 2015)



    First LIG-OCO Congressional Report for Operation Inherent Resolve (30. April 2015)


        Lead Inspector General for Overseas Contingency Operations
        OPERATION INHERENT RESOLVE


        Quarterly Report and Biannual Report to the United States Congress
        December 17, 2014−March 31, 2015

        On December 3, 2014, coalition partners met at the invitation of U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry for substantive deliberations at the first ministerial-level plenary session for the Global Coalition to Counter ISIL, in Brussels, Belgium. Coalition partners reaffirmed their commitment to work together under a common, multifaceted, and long-term strategy to degrade and defeat ISIL. DoS reported that participants agreed to meet at the ministerial level at least every 6 months and decided that the global coalition should focus on multiple lines of effort.

        Pursuant to the objectives identified at the ministerial meeting, a small group of coalition partners formed to facilitate more frequent coordination and to advise the full coalition. On January 22, 2015, the Counter-ISIL Coalition Small Group held its first meeting in London, where there was broad consensus to form consultative working groups involving all coalition partners. These working groups, open to all coalition partners, are designed to enhance coordination, mobilize resources, and share best practices.

        Coalition military forces coordinating with the United States to conduct airstrikes against ISIL in Iraq include Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Jordan, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. In Syria, the coalition military forces conducting airstrikes include the United States, Bahrain, Canada, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.



    Second LIG-OCO Congressional Report for Operation Inherent Resolve


        Lead Inspector General for Overseas Contingency Operations
        OPERATION INHERENT RESOLVE


        Quarterly Report and Biannual Report to the United States Congress
        April 1, 2015–June 30, 2015

        Coalition nations conducting airstrikes in Iraq include the United States, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Jordan, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. Coalition nations conducting airstrikes in Syria include the United States, Bahrain, Canada, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.



    Operation Inherent Resolve - 3rd Quarterly Report to Congress


        Lead Inspector General for Overseas Contingency Operations
        OPERATION INHERENT RESOLVE


        Quarterly Report and Biannual Report to the United States Congress
        September 30, 2015

        As of September 30, 2015, eight coalition partner air forces were conducting strikes in Iraq with the United States: Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Jordan, The Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. In Syria, eight countries were working with the United States: Australia, Bahrain, Canada, France, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates.

        The U.S Air Forces Central Command (AFCENT) reported that, to ensure each nation has the opportunity to maximize its contribution, coalition planners at the Combined Air Operations Center (CAOC) identify which assets from contributing nations are best suited to carry out individual strikes. This selection process takes many factors into consideration, including individual partner’s national policy caveats and technical capabilities. As of October 6, 2015, coalition teams had flown more than 57,800 sorties in Iraq and Syria.



    Ministerial Meeting of the Small Group of the Global Coalition to counter Da’esh - Declaration of the Co-Chairs (Paris, June 2, 2015)

    2. The meeting was co-chaired by French Minister of Foreign affairs and international development Laurent Fabius, Iraqi Prime Minister Haïdar al-Abadi and U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry-remotely from the U.S. and represented in Paris by Deputy Secretary of State Antony Blinken. 24 delegations took part in the meeting (Australia, Bahrain, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, EU, France, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Kuwait, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Norway, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Turkey, the UAE, the UK, the UN (as observer), the US).



Ich glaube aber nicht, dass deren Aktionen völkerrechtlich gedeckt sind. Die Luftangriffe der USA, sowie europäischer und arabischer Staaten in Syrien fallen (jedenfalls in Kombination mit den bekannten Waffenlieferungen der CIA und arabischer Akteure) schon unter den Tatbestand der verbotenen Intervention:

Zuletzt geändert von theoderich am 11. Dez 2016, 12:30, insgesamt 5-mal geändert.

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