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Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Wehrtechnik & Rüstung, Gemeinsame Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik
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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 08. Apr 2017, 15:48

U.S. Strike Designed to Deter Assad Regime’s Use of Chemical Weapons





U.S.-Led Force Reduces Attacks on ISIS in Syria After Airstrike

The American-led task force that is battling the Islamic State has sharply reduced airstrikes against the militants in Syria as commanders assess whether Syrian government forces or their Russian allies plan to respond to the United States’ cruise missile strike on a Syrian airfield this past week, American officials said.

The precautionary move, revealed in statistics made public by the command on Saturday, was taken as Russian officials have threatened to suspend the communication line the American and Russian militaries use to notify each other about air operations in Syria.

So far, the Russian military does not appear to have taken any threatening actions, such as directing its battlefield radar or air defense systems to confront the Americans, or carrying out aggressive actions in the skies, United States officials said.

But officials who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss internal planning said the commanders needed time to determine whether the Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad, and the Russian military would treat the American cruise missile strike as a one-time operation that they would not respond to militarily. As a precaution, the Pentagon is flying patrols in Syrian skies with F-22 jets, the Air Force’s most advanced air-to-air fighter.

Publicly, American officials had little to say about the reduction in strikes against the militants. “We are using resources as appropriate to the commander’s priorities and as the situation dictates,” a military official said.

Zuletzt geändert von theoderich am 09. Apr 2017, 15:34, insgesamt 2-mal geändert.

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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 09. Apr 2017, 15:29

US envoy Nikki Haley says Syria regime change is 'inevitable'

In her interview with CNN's "State of the Union," Haley said removing Assad from power was one of a number of priorities for the US.

"Getting Assad out is not the only priority. So what we're trying to do is obviously defeat ISIS. Secondly, we don't see a peaceful Syria with Assad in there. Thirdly, get the Iranian influence out. And then finally move towards a political solution, because at the end of the day this is a complicated situation, there are no easy answers and a political solution is going to have to happen," she said in the interview with anchor Jake Tapper, to air on Sunday.

Haley said that the Trump administration's view was that a political solution would not happen with Assad in power, though she stopped short of saying Assad's departure was now official US policy.

"If you look at his actions, if you look at the situation, it's going to be hard to see a government that's peaceful and stable with Assad," she said.

"Regime change is something that we think is going to happen because all of the parties are going to see that Assad is not the leader that needs to be taking place for Syria."

Weil das im Irak und in Afghanistan so gut funktioniert hat.

Der CRS hat schon vor vier Jahren eine Analyse zu möglichen Militärschlägen gegen Syrien publiziert:

    Possible U.S. Intervention in Syria:
    Issues for Congress

    On September 4, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee debated and adopted , by a vote of 10-7 (with one “present”) a resolution (S.J.Res. 21)15 to authorize the president, subject to required certifications to:

      use the Armed Forces of the United States as the President determines to be necessary and appropriate in a limited and specified manner against legitimate military targets in Syria, only to —

        (1) respond to the use of weapons of mass destruction by the Government of Syria in the
        conflict in Syria;

        (2) deter Syria’s use of such weapons in order to protect the national security interests of the United States and to protect United States allies and partners against the use of such weapons;

        (3) degrade Syria’s capacity to use such weapons in the future; and

        (4) prevent the transfer to terrorist groups or other state or non-state actors within Syria of any weapons of mass destruction.

    The Senate Foreign Relations Committee proposal states that it does not “authorize the use of the United States Armed Forces on the ground in Syria for the purpose of combat operations.” The resolution does not define “combat operations.” It remains unclear whether the resolution as reported by the committee would authorize members of the U.S. Armed Forces to operate on the ground in Syria in non-combatant (i.e. advisory, logistical, intelligence, or other enabling) roles to carry out the purposes specified in the resolution. As reported, the resolution includes a sunset clause of 60 days for the authorization, with provision for one 30 day extension.

    Could the United States destroy Syria’s chemical weapons stocks through military action? What would be needed to secure chemical weapons sites during an intervention?

      While it is possible that military strikes could render chemical weapons agents unusable, according to many observers, there would be considerable risk to nearby civilian populations if Syrian chemical weapons facilities were attacked in a military strike from the air. This is because nerve agents could be dispersed into the air in the course of any strike against these facilities.

      One major concern of the United States is the risk that chemical weapons would fall into the hands of terrorist groups if the Syrian military lost control of or diverted them. The scale of the CW stocks in Syria would present a great challenge for physical security. General Martin Dempsey, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, wrote in a July letter to Congress that “[t]housands of special operations forces and other ground forces would be needed to assault and secure critical sites.” The operation would result in the “control of some, but not all chemical weapons” and “would also help prevent their further proliferation into the hands of extremist groups,” the letter said. U.S. military efforts to date have focused on bolstering security near Syria’s borders with neighboring countries such as Jordan and Turkey, perhaps partly to help deter any transfer of chemical weapons out of Syria.

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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 11. Apr 2017, 13:13

G7 Foreign Ministers Meeting

We, the Foreign Ministers of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States of America and the High Representative of the European Union, have gathered in Lucca, Italy on 10-11 April to address a number of major international issues that impact global peace and security.

We commend the cohesion and outcomes of the Global Coalition and call for further commitment from all its members to achieve the final objective of destroying ISIL/Da’esh. We commit to continuing these efforts in order to complete the liberation of ISIL/Da’esh-held territories, in particular Raqqa and Mosul, and put an end to violence, widespread and gross violations and abuses of human rights and violations of humanitarian law, perpetrated by ISIL/Da’esh, all in the pursuit of finally destroying it.


We are determined to defeat ISIL/Da’esh in Iraq and Syria. We will work with local partners to ensure ISIL/Da’esh and other terrorist entities do not re-emerge in the area. To this end we call for inclusive reform and reconciliation in Iraq and a genuine political transition based on the 2012 Geneva Communique and the UN Security Council Resolution 2254 in Syria, as well as for humanitarian assistance, the immediate stabilization of the areas liberated from ISIL/Da’esh, supporting governance in areas held by the opposition in Syria, ensuring rehabilitation of public services, the rule of law and the safe, voluntary and sustainable return of refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs). We reiterate the importance of preserving the multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-confessional character of the Syrian and Iraqi societies.

We also recognise the threat posed by ISIL/Da’esh branches and covert networks outside of Iraq and Syria to regional stability and security. We recognize that more needs to be done to tackle ISIL/Da’esh, including its online messaging, throughout the world to ensure that ISIL/Da’esh is not able to take advantage of, or expand in, ungoverned or unstable territories.


Six years into the Syrian war, the Syrian people have endured the most tremendous suffering, and no efforts should be spared to bring this conflict to an end.

We express grave concern at continuing violence and the lack of humanitarian access. We call upon all parties, in particular the regime and its backers, including Russia and Iran, to allow sustainable, unhindered and adequate humanitarian assistance to all people in need.

We welcomed international efforts aimed at establishing a nationwide ceasefire, including the Russia and Turkey-brokered ceasefire, announced on 29 December 2016. While noting the Joint statement by Iran, Russia and Turkey at the International meeting on Syria held in Astana on 23-24 January and of the following meetings in the Kazak capital, we urge them to live up to their commitments and to use their influence on the parties to observe and ensure full compliance with the ceasefire, reduce violence, build confidence, ensure unhindered humanitarian access and the protection and free movement of civilians.

In this regard, we express our grave concern at the constant violations of the ceasefire, committed primarily by the Syrian regime and its allies. Despite Syrian regime’s claims, this activity does not target primarily UN-designated terrorist groups.

We urgently call on all parties to implement immediately and fully relevant UN Security Council Resolutions demanding rapid, safe and unhindered humanitarian access to people in need throughout Syria. We condemn the perpetuation of sieges throughout the country, the starving and bombing of civilians, the numerous attacks on medical facilities and personnel and breaches of international humanitarian law by all parties, notably by the regime.

We commend and support the UN Special Envoy’s efforts to convene an inclusive and credible political process in Geneva to negotiate a political transition in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 2254 and the Geneva Communiqué. We underline that intra-Syrian discussions on political issues should be under the aegis of the United Nations and in line with the roadmap and the objectives outlined by UN Security Council Resolution 2254.

We reiterate the importance of strong and continuous support of the members of the International Syria Support Group (ISSG) to the UN-brokered political dialogue in Geneva, with a view to moving forward with a credible and inclusive transitional governance, which represents the foundation of any meaningful and viable political solution in Syria. In this respect, we welcome the engagement of and reaffirm our firm support for the High Negotiations Committee (HNC) with a view to a credible political transition that meets the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people and enables them to independently and democratically determine their own future. We call on all parties to engage meaningfully in the UN-led political negotiations. The regime in particular must finally show genuine engagement with the UN-led process so a peaceful and lasting solution to this dreadful conflict can be reached.

We reiterate our commitment to the unity, sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of the Syrian State.

We express grave concern at the continuing and alarming reports of the intense use of chemical weapons, including toxic chemicals as weapons, in Syria, and reiterate our strong support for the absolutely necessary work of the OPCW-UN mandated Joint Investigative Mechanism, which concluded that the Syrian Arab Armed Forces were responsible for the use of toxic chemicals as weapons in three instances and ISIL/Da’esh in the use of chemical weapons in one. We express our resolve to ensure that the use of chemical weapons remains a taboo. In this respect, we deplore the vetoes opposed to the UN Security Council draft resolution aimed at condemning and holding accountable those responsible of the appalling acts addressed in the report of the OPCW-UN mandated Joint Investigative Mechanism.

We are shocked and horrified by the reports of use of chemical weapons in an airstrike in the Khan Shaykhun area of southern Idlib on 4 April. Syria’s possession of chemical weapons and their means of delivery are illegal under UN Security Council Resolution 2118 and the Chemical Weapons Convention.

The subsequent US military action against Shayrat Airfield was a carefully calibrated, limited in scope response to this war crime and was directed against Syrian military targets directly connected to the 4thApril chemical weapons attack in order to prevent and deter the proliferation and use of deadly chemical weapons in Syria.

We express full support to the OPCW Fact Finding Mission investigation and stress that if the Fact Finding Mission concludes that chemical weapons have or have likely been used, the OPCW-UN Joint Investigative Mechanism should immediately carry out its investigation in accordance with its mandate to identify the perpetrators. We call upon the Syrian Arab Republic and all parties in Syria to cooperate fully with the OPCW to allow a prompt conclusion of its investigation on this heinous incident. We call on Russia and Iran, who have a responsibility, as allies of the Syrian regime, to use their influence to ensure Syria’s compliance with all of its obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention.

We believe that there is an opportunity to bring this tragic crisis to an end and we hope that all major partners will live up to their international responsibilities and seize this opportunity. Russia has the potential to help resolve the conflict and restore a stable and unified Syria, and defeat ISIL/Da'esh and terrorism. We urge Russia to work to promote a real and genuine political process in Syria, in accordance with the Geneva communiqué and UN Security Council Resolution 2254, and to use its influence with the regime to bring the conflict to an end, beginning with the enforcement of a real ceasefire and improved humanitarian access, and engage seriously in the UN led political process. If Russia is prepared to use its influence, then we are prepared to work with it in resolving the conflict in Syria, pursuing a political settlement and ultimately contributing to the costs of stabilization and reconstruction.

The G7 Foreign Ministers Meeting opens today in Lucca (10. April 2017)

Concomitantly to the G7 Meeting, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Angelino Alfano, has called an extraordinary meeting on Syria at 8 a.m. on Tuesday at Lucca's Ducal Palace, extended to the Foreign Ministers of Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Qatar.

Die USA, die größten Industriestaaten Europas und die Unterstützer der radikalislamischen Al-Nusra-Front in einem Bett.




El Camino Español de @Armada_esp traslada a Turquía un misil Patriot para el #ContingentePatriot desplegado en Incirlik por @EjercitoTierra

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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 17. Apr 2017, 09:39

In Syrien wurden vor kurzem saudische Militärfahrzeuge gefilmt:

Die französischen Nexter Aravis haben eine andere Lackierung:

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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 12. Mai 2017, 10:10

The Coyote’s Trail – A Machine Gun’s Path from Serbia to Syria

The Balkan Investigative Reporting Network, BIRN, and the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project, OCCRP, has uncovered how the powerful weapon made a trip of around 6,000 kilometres from state-owned Zastava’s production line to Salam, as part of a delivery of up to 205 guns in 2015 and 2016 to the Free Syrian Army - with Serbia, Bulgaria, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and the United States all playing a role.

It is the first time weapons have been traced directly from a producer in Central and Eastern Europe to Syrian rebels and provides the clearest evidence to date of an arms pipeline previously uncovered by BIRN and OCCRP.

This pipeline has pumped up to a 1.2 billion euros of weapons from the Balkans, Czech Republic and Slovakia to the Middle East, with Saudi money and, according to a former U.S. ambassador to Syria, CIA logistics.

The discovery also illustrates the systematic, illegal diversion of arms by the Saudi regime and how governments in the Balkans seem willing to turn a blind eye to this highly lucrative trade.

The investigation also highlights the pivotal role played by arms dealers. BIRN and OCCRP has found that the firm which brokered this deal is owned by powerful Bulgarian businessman Petar Mandjoukov; arms dealer, media tycoon and a former agent of the communist-era State Security.

BIRN and OCCRP traced Salam through his Facebook profile, asking him for further information on the heavy machine guns’ origins and their route to Aleppo.

The 23-year-old Syrian wanted to tell the world of the plight of his compatriots and provided a number of photos and videos of the Coyote attached to the back of a Toyota pickup truck.

He told BIRN and OCCRP that as a simple soldier he was unaware how the FSA secured its weapons, but said he knew of “several” that had been delivered after he attended a training camp in Saudi Arabia.

In early 2016, he and some 150 other fighters earmarked for training left Syria for the Turkish capital Ankara. After a week of medical and military checks, a military plane flew them to Saudi Arabia.

The rebels were taken from the airport to a secret military camp. Stripped of their mobile phones, they were cut off from the outside world in an undisclosed location in the Saudi desert.

“I saw it [a Coyote] with my own eyes in Saudi Arabia, and there the Americans were testing it,” Salam said. “There were a lot of different officers – from the UK, USA, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia. There were American intelligence officers too – they are highly experienced and most of them had fought in Iraq.”

Back in Syria, Salam was soon posing with the new gun in Aleppo for his Facebook feed before it was deployed in the fight against Assad and Islamic State. “We modified the Coyote and put it on a truck,” he explained.

“My gun arrived from Turkey after the training was finished,” he added. Salam said all weapons for his battalion passed through the “MOC” in Turkey, referring to the Military Operation Command centres, set up in the Gulf, Turkey and Jordan, and operated by Arab, Turkish and Western intelligence agencies. They are used as logistical and training bases.

From June 2015 to August 2016, at least 50 cargo flights transported weapons and ammunition from Central and Eastern Europe to Saudi military bases. BIRN and OCCRP pinpointed flights carrying military equipment between the Gulf kingdom and Turkey, from where arms cross into northern Syria.

Asked why he had posted a photo of the gun online, Salam said: “It was the first time we had received such a weapon after six years of fighting. It was light and effective and it was the newest weapon we ever had.”

His fellow soldiers named it “dushka”, after a similar Soviet-designed weapon, the DShK.

“It was in a box, separated into pieces and we opened it and assembled it – it was new, there was even a catalogue.”

Salam gave reporters the weapon’s unique serial number, 3007.

A spokesman for Serbia’s Ministry of Defence told BIRN and OCCRP in a written statement that Zastava had sold “a number” of Coyotes to Bulgarian Industrial Engineering and Management, BIEM, a Sofia-based arms broker, for export to Saudi Arabia in 2015 and 2016. But he also argued that photos from social media did not constitute proof the weapon in Syria was a Coyote.

When provided with the serial number from the machine gun, the ministry initially said it could not trace the weapon. Many follow-up emails and calls later, however, a spokesman said that a M02 Coyote with that serial number had been sold to BIEM in 2015.

The Deal and the Tycoon

That year, BIEM had placed a large order with Serbia’s Zastava Arms, which produces its own popular version of the ubiquitous Russian AK-47 as well as the Coyote heavy machine gun.

While the deal remains confidential, Zastava’s 2015 accounts reveal BIEM paid around 2.75 million euros to the state-owned arms plant that year. One arms dealer told BIRN and OCCRP that the typical price for such a weapon was roughly 12,000 euros, making the bill for 205 Coyotes around 2.5 million euros.

BIEM’s majority shareholder is Mandjoukov, a top Bulgarian tycoon with financial interests in construction, media and wine production and who previously had jointly owned the country’s second-biggest football club, CSKA Sofia.

The 74-year-old is best known in Bulgaria as an arms dealer. In 1977 he started work for Kintex, a powerful state-owned trading company which, under communist rule, was involved in trafficking arms to rogue states and terrorists, the Bulgarian state has since admitted.

At the same time he was an agent for the notorious Cold War-era State Security, according to documents released by the Files Commission, a special panel investigating Bulgaria's former secret service.

Documents from Bulgaria’s business registry show that he has 75 per cent of the shares in the wholly privately owned business.

BIEM said in a written statement: “We strictly follow national and international legislation.

“You make connections and draw conclusions based on your own thoughts and assumptions and expect explanations which is neither our right, nor our obligation.”

Syria “sucking up” Serbian weapons

BIEM’s export licence for the Coyote deal was granted by the Serbian Ministry of Trade based on a legal document called an End User Certificate, guaranteeing the weapons will be used by Saudi’s security forces.

Although any re-export of the equipment required Serbia’s approval, Salam’s weapon, along quite probably with the full 205 sold to Riyadh, appears to have been illegally diverted to Syria by the Gulf kingdom, whose armed forces do not use such guns but rely largely on more modern, sophisticated Western-made weapons.

This might not be such a surprise to Serbian officials responsible for providing the export licence, despite official insistence they have no knowledge that Saudi Arabia is passing on arms to Syria.

According to confidential documents from Serbia’s Ministry of Defence and minutes from a series of inter-ministerial meetings in 2013, which BIRN and OCCRP published as part of its earlier investigation, officials blocked an export licence for weapons to Saudi Arabia that year for fear they might be illegally handed on to Syrian fighters.

Serbia, under its own anti-arms trafficking law, the UN-backed Arms Trade Treaty and the EU common position on the arms trade to which it is aligning itself, is required to stop the exports of weapons which are likely to be diverted, particularly to war zones and non-state groups accused of war crimes.

Yet in 2015, Serbia decided to ignore its earlier concerns and approved the Coyote deal alongside exports of other arms and ammunition to Saudi Arabia worth in all 135 million euros.

Serbia’s Ministry of Defence, one of the ministries consulted as part of the licensing process, told BIRN and OCCRP in a written statement that the export licences were approved because they would have a “positive impact” on Serbia’s defence industry, unlike the 2013 deal which involved imported equipment.

One high-ranking Serbian official, who feared being sacked if identified, told BIRN and OCCRP that “everybody knows” weapons are being diverted from Saudi Arabia to Syrian fighters, who were “sucking up everything they can get their hands on”.

“Our weapons suit them perfectly because they are of old and simple Soviet design,” the official added. “You can take any person from the street and teach him to use it in a matter of hours.”

EU member Bulgaria and its Ministry of Economy, which is subject to the similar legal requirements as Serbia, also approved a brokering licence for BIEM to sell the Coyotes to Saudi Arabia.

The Saudis, Turkish intelligence and the CIA, all key players in the training and supply of weapons to Syrian rebels, also probably needed to turn a blind eye to the End User Certificate as the weapons, legally destined for the Saudi security forces, made their way from the Gulf to Turkey, then Syria.

Neither Bulgarian nor Serbian officials answered questions about what actions they would take to prevent the diversion of weapons from Saudi Arabia to Syria.

The Saudi and Turkish foreign ministries also failed to provide a statement, while the CIA said it would not comment.

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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 18. Jun 2017, 21:04

Wahrscheinlich der erste Einsatz dieser Raketen, der nicht im Rahmen einer Übung geschieht:

Thomas Erdbrink

BREAKING: Iran launches missiles, striking targets in Syria. Revolutionary Guards say in retaliation for last week's Tehran terror attacks.

Using missiles is a major escalation of Iran's role in the Syrian conflict. Until now it provided military advisors, volunteers, money.

The missiles were launched from western Iran, flew over Iraq striking targets in Deir ez Zor, in eastern Syria.

IRGC says targeted "takfiri terrorists' command HQ, assembly and strategic centre, places used for building their suicide bomb vehicles."

Es gibt dazu auch zwei Twitter-Meldungen eines gewissen Amir Ali Hajizadeh, das ist der Kommandeur der IRGC-Luftwaffe und des iranischen Raketenprogramms:

Angeblich handelte es sich um feststoffgetriebene Raketen des Typs "Zulfiqar" (ذوالفقار):

Dieses Modell ist relativ neu und wurde erst am 25. September 2016 öffentlich vorgestellt:

Es wäre interessant zu erfahren, wie der Steuerungsmechanismus ausgelegt ist und wie groß der CEP ist.

P.S.: Die USA verwenden seit kurzem HIMARS in Syrien. Die "Zulfiqar" ist im Grunde dasselbe - nur um ein paar Ecken leistungsfähiger und definitiv mit höherem CEP:

    Exclusive: US deploys long-range artillery system to southern Syria for first time (13. Juni 2017)

    The US military has moved its High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) from Jordan into southern Syria for the first time, positioning it near the US-Coalition training base at At Tanf, three US defense officials confirmed to CNN Tuesday.

    While this is the first HIMARS deployment to southern Syria, a US official told CNN that this was not the first time HIMARS has been used in the country, with the system being deployed to the north to help the Syrian Democratic Forces in their offensives against ISIS. US Marines have also used M777 howitzers in support of SDF units fighting ISIS in northern Syria.

    HIMARS had been previously used to strike ISIS targets from firing positions in Turkey and Jordan. The system has also been deployed in Iraq to hit ISIS positions there.

Edit.: Hier steht, dass Ziele in der syrischen Stadt Al-Mayadin angegriffen wurden:

SIOURIS George M.: Missile Guidance and Control Systems (New York-Berlin-Heidelberg 2004), p. 365-366 hat geschrieben:This chapter presents various methods of missile guidance for long-range strategic missiles. These guidance systems include inertial, celestial navigation, and terrestrial reference and magnetic systems. Of the many types of automatic guidance systems, the most important developments pertain to the inertial navigation and guidance system. All inertial guidance systems are similar in basic operation. In its simplest terms, inertial guidance can be described as a type of guidance that is complete within itself. It needs no exterior energy or radiation source to determine its course. It emits no signal, and it does not depend on ground equipment to operate it once the missile is launched [11]. Inertial guidance is especially advantageous for ballistic missiles, because it sends no signal and receives no signal, and cannot be jammed. Also, it is almost impossible to detect or intercept. It is not influenced by weather conditions. Missiles can be launched and guided accurately to the target with all corrections for winds, atmospheric conditions, and other factors automatically made in flight. The inertial system is presently considered the best guidance system for use against stationary targets. During flight, the system computes its present position, altitude, and velocity, and it applies various compensations to its computer. These corrections minimize the errors introduced into the system by gravity, Coriolis, gyro unbalances, accelerometer bias and scale factor errors, and the nonspherical shape of the Earth. Specifically, the powered portion of the flight (i.e., from launch to burnout) is the most critical part of the flight. Therefore, during this critical phase of the flight, the path is determined by the inertial navigation and guidance system. On the other hand, during the free-flight phase, the trajectory is part of a conic section, almost always an ellipse. Reentry, as we shall see later, involves the dissipation of energy by friction with the atmosphere.

An inertial navigation and guidance system makes use of Newton’s second law of motion, which states, “An unbalanced force acting on a body causes the body to accelerate in the direction of the force, and the acceleration is directly proportional to the unbalanced force and inversely proportional to the mass of the body.” The three basic elements of any inertial system relating to a specific flight problem are accelerometers, gyroscopes, and memory devices. Even the most sophisticated of inertial guidance systems (i.e., systems using ring laser gyros, fiber-optic gyros, and microelectromechanical sensors or systems (MEMS)) today have some Counterpart to these basic elements. At the present time, there is very little that can be done to divert or destroy ballistic missiles, which are capable of traveling over intercontinental distances and at hypersonic speeds.


D.h. diese Raketen sind mindestens 600 km weit geflogen, bevor sie ihr Ziel erreicht haben.






Inzwischen ist die Videoaufnahme einer Drohne aufgetaucht, die angeblich den Einschlag einer der Raketen in Al Mayadin zeigt (Sie ging knapp daneben. Das längliche Gebäude daneben ist ca. 10x4m groß.):

Hier zwei weitere Aufnahmen:

Iran says it hit targets in Syria with Zolfaghar ballistic missiles

An IRGC spokesman told the Tasnim News Agency that six ballistic missiles were launched from the Iranian provinces of Kermanshah and Kurdistan and flew 650-700 km to hit terrorist headquarters and depots in Syria's Dayr al-Zawr province during the previous night.

He said the missiles were launched as part of Operation 'Laylat al-Qadr': a response to the 7 June attack on the parliament building and the mausoleum of Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in Tehran, which was claimed by the Islamic State militant group.

The Iranian media released imagery of ballistic missiles being launched at night time, including photographs showing a member of the Fateh-110 family of solid-fuel ballistic missiles. As well as being easier to deploy than liquid-fuel 'Scud'-derivatives, these missiles are believed to have guidance systems that use commercial global navigation satellite systems (GNSSs) to make them far more accurate.

The IRGC spokesman said Zolfaghar (Zulfiqar) ballistic missiles, the newest and longest-range member of the family, were used in the attack. Unveiled in September 2016, the Zolfaghar is claimed to have a range of 700 km.

Das IFK hat in der Publikationsdatenbank des BMLVS mehrere Factsheets zum Konflikt in Syrien und im Irak publiziert:





Zuletzt geändert von theoderich am 09. Sep 2017, 03:43, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.

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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 12. Jul 2017, 09:31


I think BBC Newsnight has provided the first ground-level look at the US base near Qarah Qawzaq, Syria. 36.649576 38.301993

The women leading the fight against IS in Syria – BBC Newsnight (ab 11:00)

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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 18. Aug 2017, 15:05

UK ceases training Syrian rebels

Teams of British soldiers training Syrian rebels to fight the Islamic State have been withdrawn from Turkey and Jordan, a senior defence source knowledgeable about the controversial project has told Jane’s .

Michael Fallon, the UK defence secretary, announced in October 2016 that up to 20 British personnel would join the US-led effort to train “members of vetted moderate Syrian opposition groups” to fight the Islamic State that was restarted in July 2016. He said the trainers would not enter Syria.

The senior defence source said the UK training teams worked in Jordan and Turkey until early this summer, when the battle for the city of Al-Raqqah began in earnest.

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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 29. Aug 2017, 21:10

Report: Satellite Images Reveal Iran Building Missile Factory in Syria (Lat: 35° 10' 34'' N, Lon: 036° 04' 41'' E)



An Israeli television report said on Tuesday that Iran is building a facility in northwest Syria to manufacture long-range rockets, and showed satellite images it said were of the site under construction.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu warned last week that Iran was strengthening its foothold in its ally Syria as Islamic State fighters were being displaced, and said Israel was watching developments and would act against any threat.

"Our policy is clear: We vehemently oppose the military buildup by Iran and its proxies, primarily Hezbollah, in Syria and we will do whatever it takes to protect Israel's security," he said in a speech.

The Channel 2 television news report showed images it said were taken by an Israeli satellite showing a site in northwest Syria near the Mediterranean coastal town of Baniyas, saying some of the construction indicated explosives would be stored there.

The images from the Eros B satellite showcase the site's ability to store underground missiles, the reports said.

It compared images of buildings it said were of a rocket factory near Tehran to structures at the Syrian site, and said there was a strong resemblance between them.

Erinnert an den Irakkrieg. Da wurde auch mit Satellitenfotos "argumentiert".

Diese Anlage wird seit 2016 gebaut (Schon im Mai 2015 erkennt man vorbereitende Erdarbeiten.):

Interessant ist, woher diese Meldung eigentlich kommt. Das ist nämlich alles andere als neu:

Und in diesem Artikel steht auch nichts davon, dass "der Iran" eine Fabrik baut. Sondern, dass Syrien eine Fabrik baut, der Stil der Anlage aber iranische Beteiligung vermuten lässt. Eigentlich weiß man überhaupt nichts.

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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 13. Okt 2017, 10:45

Türkischer Militärkonvoi erreichte syrische Provinz Idlib

Ein erster türkischer Militärkonvoi hat gestern Abend die syrische Rebellenprovinz Idlib erreicht. Er bestehe aus rund 30 Fahrzeugen, sagte Kommandant Abu Chairo von der Freien Syrischen Armee (FSA). Laut einem Augenzeugen überquerte der Konvoi den Grenzposten Bab al-Hawa. Die Türkei will nach Absprache mit dem Iran und Russland einen Sicherheitspuffer an der Grenze zu Syrien schaffen.

Einem FSA-Anhänger zufolge wird die Gruppe von Kämpfern der radikalen Gruppe Tahrir al-Scham, die aus der radikalislamischen Al-Nusra-Front hervorging, eskortiert. Das deutet darauf hin, dass die Türkei nicht militärisch gegen die Extremisten von Tahrir al-Scham vorgeht, die ihren Einfluss in Idlib zuletzt deutlich ausgebaut haben.

Der türkische Ministerpräsident Binali Yildirim hatte am Dienstag mitgeteilt, die Militäraktionen solle eine Einwanderungswelle in die Türkei verhindern. Vor Abgeordneten der Regierungspartei AKP sagte er, in Idlib würden zudem Kontrollpunkte für künftige Stationierungen errichtet.




Der Syrische Bürgerkrieg - Update 30 09 2017

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Re: Syrienkrise - Erste Tote in der Türkei

Beitrag von theoderich » 02. Nov 2017, 02:23

Foreign Affairs hat geschrieben:Snapshot October 30, 2017 Middle East Syria

Syria's Extremist Opposition

How Western Media Have Whitewashed the Rebels' Record

By Max Abrahms

Last week, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said that the rule of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad was “coming to an end.” But with the rapid decline of both the Islamic State (or ISIS) and foreign support for the so-called rebels, this notion is wishful thinking for most of the international community. For years, news of Assad’s demise has been greatly exaggerated. So too have the negative consequences of his survival, not because of his record but because the most likely alternative to his rule has been even worse, at least as far as U.S. national security is concerned.

Few observers even know what they’ve been advocating, given the pro-rebel bias among Western media outlets. Although they have assiduously broadcast the blood on Assad’s hands, these outlets have also tended to whitewash the rebels to sell the case for regime change. Take, for instance, the Syrian refugee crisis. The conventional wisdom holds that the refugees are pro-rebel, even though detailed survey research finds that the reality is far more nuanced. Most refugees say they fled Assad. But they also say they fled the armed opposition. By far, the most common explanation was that refugees fled both. Honest reporting about all sides of the conflict is imperative for governments and citizens around the world to understand the nature of the regime and the opposition alike.

To appreciate the pro-rebel bias dominant in Western outlets, compare this past spring’s heavy media coverage of the April 4 chemical attack in the Idlib town of Khan Shaykhun to the comparatively little attention given to the suicide attack in the al-Rashideen neighborhood of western Aleppo that occurred on April 15. As a terrorism researcher, I received nonstop interview requests about the former but almost none about the latter.

One explanation for the disparity in media attention is that only the Khan Shaykhun massacre involved Sarin gas, a chemical weapon of mass destruction often seen as taboo in the international community for its indiscriminate effects. Yet the relatively underreported Rashideen attack was arguably even more gruesome. Whereas the Khan Shaykhun attack killed about 90 people, the Rashideen attack killed at least 126, including 80 children en route to Aleppo as part of an international agreement. The only crime of the victims was being Shiite; they were headed to safer ground because their towns of Fuaa and Kefraya were besieged by rebels. The high child death toll was no accident. The perpetrators lured the hungry children with potato chips moments before the suicide blast destroyed the convoy.

What accounts for the differing coverage is the culprit behind each attack. Although the blame game continues, most analysts believe that the Syrian military carried out the Khan Shaykhun attack, whereas Assad’s enemies were behind the one in Rashideen. Unsurprisingly, Western media outlets seized on the former massacre to stress that Assad must go. Pushing the pro-regime change narrative, the lede in the Washington Post ran, “Trump finally realizes the truth about Syria’s Assad. Now what?” The Guardian then published an editorial titled “Assad Knows He Acts with Impunity.” Al Arabiya ran the story “Assad Regime Responsible for Awful Syria Chemical Attack,” and the Associated Press focused on how “Syria’s Assad faces mounting pressure after [the] chemical attack.” Haaretz likewise fixated on Assad. In response to the attack and the media coverage it generated, U.S. President Donald Trump acknowledged that “my attitude toward Syria and Assad has changed very much” and then authorized missile strikes against the Syrian air force. The international community from the United Kingdom to Qatar joined the post-attack chorus that Assad must go given his brutality.

No such outcry happened over the Rashideen attack, which CNN reporter Nick Patton Walsh trivialized as a mere “hiccup.” When covered at all, this incident was depicted across outlets as essentially perpetrator-less. The Associated Press neglected to mention who had likely committed the attack. The same was true for USA Today, the Daily Beast, Al Arabiya, and pretty much every other major international news outlet. Journalist Robert Fisk noted that, although more innocent people were killed in the Rashideen attack, they “were the victims of the wrong kind of killer,” as “the culprits might have been too closely associated with us in the West.”

Assad’s main enemies in Syria have been dangerous extremists, no matter how many governments fund them, train them, or arm them. Ahrar al-Sham, the Salafist rebel group that was supposed to be protecting the buses of Shiite evacuees targeted in the Rashideen attack, models itself after the Taliban and has close historical ties to al Qaeda. Ahrar and al Qaeda share not only a similar Islamist ideology but also members. Leaders of the two groups often engaged in joint military operations. Ahrar has made it a habit of disavowing al Qaeda at times, only to team up with it in combat later. It’s no exaggeration to say that Ahrar’s biggest achievement to date has been working hand-in-glove with al Qaeda to capture Idlib from Assad in March 2015 while vocally denouncing U.S. airstrikes against their on-again, off-again Salafist partner in arms. Prominent Syria commentators have cheered the jihadis as anti-Assad “heroes” while repeating Ahrar’s admonition against attacking al Qaeda lest the counterterrorism measures interfere with the blessed rebellion.

For several reasons, there is no way to be certain who committed the Rashideen attack. Unlike ISIS, most other terrorist groups tend to withhold claiming credit for attacks when they’re directed against innocent people because of the political fallout. Moreover, the groups fighting Assad have constantly rebranded themselves with new names and alliances. Consider the evolution of al Qaeda’s Syrian chapter from “Jabhat al-Nusra” to “Jabhat Fateh al-Sham” to “Tahrir al-Sham,” which has included so-called moderate rebels formerly vetted, funded, and armed by the United States. Additionally, a growing body of political science research emphasizes that terrorist groups are not internally homogenous unitary actors but instead consist of members with different incentive structures often at odds with the official political goals of the group. For this reason, lower-level members of a terrorist group often act in defiance of the leadership’s targeting preferences. The repeated defections to and from U.S.-funded groups, al Qaeda, and even ISIS indicates motley crews even when operating under the same banner. Even if Ahrar leaders oppose sectarian massacre, for example, they may be too weak to restrain wayward members of their group, never mind the more openly extremist ones.

Above all, it’s hard to discern who committed the Rashideen attack because Syria has no shortage of sectarian fanatics who often express interest in exterminating the Shiites and Christians who desperately count on Assad for protection. When the United States first designated the al Qaeda affiliate in Syria a terrorist organization in the early days of the revolution, thousands of rebels demonstrated under the banner of “We are all Nusra.” So while Western media mocked Assad and Russian President Vladimir Putin for saying the rebels are terrorist-ridden, the rebels themselves were openly expressing solidarity with al Qaeda. After years downplaying the violent extremist element among the Syrian rebels, Western media outlets unsurprisingly find it awkward to cover attacks like the one in Rashideen. There are of course some worthy allies among the rebels, but not nearly as many as regime-change enthusiasts have spent the past few years claiming.