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BeitragVerfasst: 08. Apr 2016, 10:43 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
Beiträge: 20766
US and Russia at odds over potential fighter sale to Iran

Zitat:
The United States and Russia are in disagreement over the legality of a potential sale of Sukhoi Su-30 'Flanker' combat aircraft to Iran.

While the US government announced on 5 April that it would use its veto in the UN Security Council to block any such sale, the Russian government stated on the same day that no veto could be applied in this case.

Speaking at a US Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing, US under secretary of state for political affairs Thomas Shannon said, "The sale of Su-30 fighter aircraft is prohibited under UNSCR [UN Security Council Resolution] 2231 without the approval of the UN Security Council and we would block the approval of any sale of fighter aircraft under the restrictions."

The head of the Russian Foreign Ministry's department for non-proliferation and arms control, Mikhail Ulyanov, was reported by state media to have responded that, "Such deliveries are not prohibited. They are allowed and this follows from the text of the resolution."

Zitat:
As with all official documents, the UNSCR 2231 that followed this agreement is open to different interpretations. That said, it seems pretty clear on the issue of arms sales to Iran.

Under the resolution, the blanket UN conventional arms ban against Iran will remain in force for five years from the Adoption Day of 18 October 2015 or until the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) submits a report confirming Iran's compliance, if this occurs earlier. Without the IAEA's confirmation of compliance, Iran would therefore be prohibited from receiving the Su-30 fighters until 18 October 2020.



Da hat die US-Regierung recht (Ein Vertragsabschluss wäre - sofern über die "Broader Conclusion" nicht früher berichtet wird - frühestens am 18. Oktober 2020 möglich.) - aber das Völkerrecht wird in der Realität ja recht weit gedehnt:

    Resolution 2231 (2015)

    Adopted by the Security Council at its 7488th meeting, on 20 July 2015


    Zitat:
    JCPOA Annex II – Sanctions-related commitments

    The sequence of implementation of the commitments detailed in this Annex is specified in Annex V (Implementation Plan) to this Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

      A. European Union

      1. The EU and EU Member States commit to terminate all provisions of Council Regulation (EU) No 267/2012 (as subsequently amended) implementing all nuclear-related sanctions or restrictive measures as specified in Sections 1.1-1.10 below, to terminate all provisions of Council Decision 2010/413/CFSP (as subsequently amended), as specified in Sections 1.1-1.10 below, and to terminate or amend national implementing legislation as required, in accordance with Annex V:

      [...]

        1.8. Arms

          1.8.1. Sanctions on arms (Articles 1(1)(c), (3) and (4), and 3 of Council Decision 2010/413/CFSP; Articles 5(1)(a) and (c), 17(1) and (2)(a), and 19 of Council Regulation (EU) No 267/2012); and

          1.8.2. Sanctions on associated services for the category above (see the references above).

    Zitat:
    Annex B: Statement

    [...]

    As provided by a resolution so deciding, the following provisions would apply on the date on which the IAEA Director General submits a report verifying that Iran has taken the actions specified in paragraph 15.1-15.11 of Annex V of the JCPOA:

      1. The term “all States” as used in this document, and as incorporated in the resolution, means “all States without exception.”

      [...]

      3. Iran is called upon not to undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles designed to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using such ballistic missile technology, until the date eight years after the JCPOA Adoption Day or until the date on which the IAEA submits a report confirming the Broader Conclusion, whichever is earlier.

      [...]

      5. All States may participate in and permit, provided that the Security Council decides in advance on a case-by-case basis to approve: the supply, sale or transfer directly or indirectly from or through their territories, or by their nationals or individuals subject to their jurisdiction, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, and whether or not originating in their territories, to Iran, or for the use in or benefit of Iran, of any battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, large caliber artillery systems, combat aircraft, attack helicopters, warships, missiles or missile systems, as defined for the purpose of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, or related materiel, including spare parts, and the provision to Iran by their nationals or from or through their territories of technical training, financial resources or services, advice, other services or assistance related to the supply, sale, transfer, manufacture, maintenance, or use of arms and related materiel described in this subparagraph.

      This paragraph shall apply until the date five years after the JCPOA Adoption Day or until the date on which the IAEA submits a report confirming the Broader Conclusion, whichever is earlier.

      6. All States are to:

        (a) Take the necessary measures to ensure that any activities described in paragraphs 2, 4, and 5 occur on their territories, or involving their nationals or individuals subject to their jurisdiction, or involving their flag vessels or aircraft, only pursuant to the relevant terms of those paragraphs, and also to prevent and prohibit any activities inconsistent with these provisions, until the date ten years after the JCPOA Adoption Day or until the date on which the IAEA submits a report confirming the Broader Conclusion, whichever is earlier;

        (b) Take the necessary measures to prevent, except as decided otherwise by the UN Security Council in advance on a case-by-case basis, the supply, sale, or transfer of arms or related materiel from Iran by their nationals or using their flag vessels or aircraft, and whether or not originating in the territory of Iran, until the date five years after the JCPOA Adoption Day or until the date on which the IAEA submits a report confirming the Broader Conclusion, whichever is earlier;

_________________________________

Iran shows underground ballistic missile launch base (10. März 2016)


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Zuletzt geändert von theoderich am 12. Mai 2016, 20:40, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.

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BeitragVerfasst: 24. Apr 2016, 22:46 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
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Ob das stimmt? Erinnert an das "window of opportunity" nach den Attentaten vom 11. September 2001, das die Bush-Regierung ignoriert hat. Damals soll der Iran sogar eine Wiederaufnahme der diplomatischen Beziehungen zwischen den beiden Staaten angeboten haben:

    Obama secretly requested Rouhani meeting — report

    Zitat:
    The Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI) cited an April 19 item by Iranian website Sahamnews.org, which is affiliated with Iran’s Green Movement, that claims Obama sent two secret letters in March to Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei and President Hassan Rouhani.

    In the letters, the website reported, Obama wrote that Iran has a narrow window of opportunity to work with the US on the crises in Syria, Yemen and Iraq, and pledged that he would attend any conference on these issues should Rouhani agree to a meeting.

    Sahamnews also reported that the two Iranian leaders discussed Obama’s request and agreed that Rouhani should accept, on the grounds that such a meeting could help end the turmoil in these countries, while increasing Iran’s power and influence in the Middle East.

    Furthermore, Sahamnews reported, while Khamenei is aggressively anti-US in his public declarations, behind closed doors he strikes a different tone. And while he has publicly decried many aspects of the recent nuclear deal Iran struck with world powers that ended years of sanctions, his more pragmatic associates have held open talks with American officials on bolstering Iran’s gains from the agreement.

    On Friday, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and US Secretary of State John Kerry met to discuss ways of ensuring Tehran benefits from the nuclear deal it signed last year.

    Kerry met Zarif on the sidelines of a United Nations conference as the agreement came under sustained attack from critics in both countries.

_________________________________

Iran parades S-300 components

Zitat:
Iran's Armed Forces Day parade on 17 April featured a surveillance radar for a S-300PMU1/2, but nothing to suggest the Islamic Republic now has an operational fire unit for the long-range air defence system.

Iranian and Russian officials confirmed on 11 April the first S-300 delivery had taken place after video clips emerged on social media purportedly showing a convoy carrying components for the system through Iran's Caspian Sea port of Bandar Anzali.

A 64N6-series surveillance radar was clearly displayed during the parade six days later. While the system is usually mounted on a dedicated trailer that is pulled by a MAZ-7410 tractor, the Iranians divided the system (including the MAZ-7410) so it appeared on three separate trailers pulled by civilian tractors.

In contrast to the 64N6 components, a towed cabin and a mobile communications mast were labelled as S-300 components. The mobile communications mast appears to be a modern incarnation of the FL-95, which is used with S-300P-series systems to link command posts with dispersed launchers or network batteries into an integrated system.

The parade did not include a 30N6 engagement radar, missiles, or launchers from an S-300PMU1/2 system.

However, it did feature two Avtobaza-M mobile passive electronic intelligence (ELINT) systems that could be used to support an integrated air defence system. The Avtobaza-M is designed to detect and track aircraft by picking up their radar and radio emissions from up to 400 km away.


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Iran receives S-300 Missile Systems

Zitat:
Veröffentlicht am 10.04.2016

Home at last : amateur footage taken by a bystander in the northern province of Gilan shows the first batch of long-awaited S-300 long range missile systems being carried to an undisclosed location.



Zuletzt geändert von theoderich am 26. Jul 2016, 23:45, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.

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BeitragVerfasst: 11. Jul 2016, 11:49 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
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US aircraft sales to Iran blocked by House, jeopardising $25bn Boeing deal

Zitat:
Two approved amendments to an appropriations bill from Representative Peter Roskam would ban sales from Boeing and European rival Airbus, amid concerns the aircraft could be used for military purposes, the congressman said in a statement on Friday.

One amendment would prohibit the Office of Foreign Assets Control from using funds to authorise a license necessary to allow aircraft to be sold to Iran. A second would bar loans from US financial institutions to purchase militarily adaptable aircraft.

The ban would need to be approved by the Senate or any bill that reconciles differences in legislation by the two chambers.

Roskam, an Illinois Republican, said in a tweet that in the vote on Thursday, “House Democrats did not mount any significant opposition and, in many cases, joined efforts to block the sale.”

Zitat:
But a spokesman for the Iranian foreign ministry on Friday said the measure was “incompatible” with the accord, under which Washington was to lift economic sanctions in exchange for Tehran curbing its nuclear activities.

“We have nothing to do with US internal affairs,” Bahram Ghasemi said, quoted by the official IRNA news agency.

“We consider the government of the United States to be responsible for implementing the country’s commitments” under the accord, he said.



House passes measure to stop sale of Boeing aircraft to Iran

Zitat:
Rep. Peter Roskam, R-Ill., the amendment’s sponsor, said the aircraft could be used by Iran’s Revolutionary Guard.

“To give these types of planes to the Iranian regime, which still is the world’s largest state sponsor of terror, is to give them a product that can be used for a military purpose,” Roskam said. The Boeing aircraft could be reconfigured to carry 100 ballistic missiles or 15,000 rocket-propelled grenades, according to Roskam.


Ich möchte wetten, der JCPOA wird den Präsidentschaftswahlkämpfen in den USA und im Iran zum Opfer fallen.


S-300 engagement radar spotted in Iran (16. Juni 2016)

Zitat:
Iran now appears to have at least one 30N6 engagement radar for the S-300 air-defence systems it has ordered from Russia.

Photographs of the 30N6 being carried on a transporter, purportedly along a highway in Iran, emerged on social media on 11 June.

The MAZ-747 all-terrain vehicle on which the radar is mounted appeared to have the antenna for the Orientir navigation aid system fitted to the roof of its cab. The Orientir allows the system to accurately plot its position and orientation.


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Zuletzt geändert von theoderich am 26. Jul 2016, 23:55, insgesamt 3-mal geändert.

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BeitragVerfasst: 26. Jul 2016, 18:20 

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Overhauled Chinook delivered to Iranian Air Force

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Zitat:
The Iranian Air Force’s (IRIAF) 11 Squadron received a freshly-overhauled CH-47C from the Iranian Helicopter Support and Renewal Company (IHSRC) on 19 July.

With the serial number 5-9305, the helicopter was grounded when it ran out of hours in December 2010.


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Unglaublich. Der Hubschrauber sieht aus, als käme er frisch aus dem Werk. Und das auch noch während eines schon mehr als 30 Jahre dauernden Embargos.

Aber 5 1/2 Jahre zur Generalüberholung eines Hubschraubers ist alles andere als eine Rekordleistung. Vor allem, wenn man es mit den Kapazitäten der Herstellerfirma vergleicht:



Hier das Cockpit einer iranischen CH-47C vom September 2015 - ein Uhrenladen:


Und der ziemlich abgenutzte Laderaum:



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BeitragVerfasst: 27. Jul 2016, 13:20 

Registriert: 14. Dez 2011, 13:35
Beiträge: 595
Im Lackieren sind sie nicht schlecht.


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BeitragVerfasst: 21. Aug 2016, 21:57 

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Beiträge: 20766
Was dort als "Errungenschaft" durchgeht - ein 1:1-Nachbau des General Electric J85-GE-13 aus der F-5 "Tiger":


Das Flugabwehrsystem kann ich nicht beurteilen. Die Radars kommt zumindest optisch modernen Phased-Array-Systemen, wie dem AN/MPQ-53 oder dem Kurzstreckensystem 1RL-123E des russischen Pantsir ziemlich nah - das ist aber kein Kriterium. Und da sich das neue S-300 PMU-2 schon in der Auslieferung befindet, wird das alles wahrscheinlich sehr schnell in der Versenkung verschwinden.


Zuletzt geändert von theoderich am 25. Aug 2016, 20:07, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.

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BeitragVerfasst: 25. Aug 2016, 16:35 

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Iran unveils Bavar-373 long-range air-defence system

Zitat:
The announcement that Iran was working on its own long-range air-defence system prompted speculation that S-300-lookalike components seen in the 18 April 2010 Army Day parade may have been for the Bavar-373.

That theory has now been categorically disproved as the Bavar-373 displayed on 21 August is clearly a unique Iranian system that appears to reflect extensive investment in its ability to develop phased array radars.

The system's missile launcher, target-acquisition radar, and target-engagement radar were all seen in a series of photographs released by President Hassan Rouhani's office showing him inspecting military technology developments made by the country.

Although the system's Sayyad-3 missile appears to have already been seen in the Army Day parade held earlier this year, this is the first time its launcher has been displayed.

It follows the trend set by the Sayyad-2, unveiled in November 2013, of using a canister with a square-cross section in the style of the US Patriot rather than the round ones seen on Russian long-range air-defence systems.

The launcher appeared to be mounted on a 10x10 Zoljanah heavy equipment transporter and had two missile canisters elevated to a nearly vertical position. The canisters appeared to be approximately 6.5 m in length, which would make the Sayyad-3 shorter than the 7.5 m-long 48N6 missile used with the S-300PMU2.



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BeitragVerfasst: 05. Sep 2016, 19:29 

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Zitat:
First sat image of S-300 in Iran shows TEL & 64N6 seen in Fordow video were filmed in Tehran


Stellt sich die Frage, wieso oben in der Satellitenaufnahme der Link zu einem Foto südafrikanischer Soldaten mit einer RPG-7 eingefügt ist?



‘Should there be a need’: The inside story of Israel’s chemical and biological arsenal (17. September 2013)

Zitat:
In April 1948, before the state declared its independence, future prime minister David Ben-Gurion, according to Michael Keren’s “Ben-Gurion and the Intellectuals,” instructed a Jewish Agency official in Europe to seek out Jewish scientists who could “either increase the capacity to kill masses or to cure masses; both are important.”

The search began with biological weapons. Avner Cohen, a professor of Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and an outspoken critic of Israel’s policy of ambiguity as regards WMDs, put the date at February 18, 1948, when the Haganah’s chief operations officer, Yigal Yadin, sent a microbiology student named Alexander Keynan down to Jaffa to establish a unit called HEMED BEIT.

Keynan and the original HEMED commander, Ephraim Katzir, a future president of Israel, “planned various activities, to get a sense what chemical and biological weapons are and how we could build a potential should there be a need for such a potential,” Cohen quoted Katzir as telling the Hadashot newspaper in 1993 in a comprehensive article for The Nonproliferation Review.

This potential, at least in part, apparently existed even before the founding of the state. Abba Kovner, the famous poet and partisan fighter, is depicted in Dina Porat’s “The Fall of a Sparrow: The Life and Times of Abba Kovner” as having traveled to pre-state Palestine after the war and receiving poison from Katzir in order to kill incarcerated SS officers in Europe.

He was apprehended on board a British ship and threw the poison overboard before his arrest.

Several years later, in May 1948, forces from the Carmel Brigade of the Haganah allegedly used a biological weapon in the battle for Acre.

“I spoke to the company commander from Battalion 21 of the Carmel Brigade, who poured the stuff into the water supply,” said military historian Uri Milstein in a phone interview. Milstein, a controversial figure in Israel, said that the man had since died, that the material had been delivered to the battalion by Moshe Dayan, and that the container had been filled with the typhus bacterium.

“Apparently, or rather more than apparently, wells were poisoned too in order to stop villagers from returning to villages,” he added.

After the war, HEMED BEIT relocated to a building in an orange grove just outside Ness Tziona, where it has remained. Today it is called the Israel Institute for Biological Research, “a governmental, applied research institute specializing in the fields of biology, medicinal chemistry and environmental sciences.”

The institute publishes a great deal of defense-related research and is widely cited academically and is highly regarded.

In terms of possible offensive capacities, very little is known.

What is clear is that Israel has not signed the 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention; that the deputy director of the biological institute, Professor Marcus Klingberg, was covertly arrested by the Shin Bet on January 19, 1983, and subsequently charged with spying for the KGB for more than three decades (Klingberg, perhaps the most damaging spy in Israel’s history, spent the first 10 years of his 20-year sentence in solitary confinement, under a pseudonym); and that on two occasions the Mossad attempted to assassinate people using biological weapons.

The first known Israeli assassination with biological weapons was Dr. Wadi Haddad, a Palestinian terrorist, who was the first to hijack an El Al plane, in July 1968, and one of the commanders of the Entebbe hijacking in 1976. One year later, he was given Belgian chocolate “coated by Mossad specialists with a lethal biological poison,” according to Aaron J. Klein’s “Striking Back.” [Full disclosure: this reporter translated the book.] He lost his appetite, he lost weight, and his immune system collapsed. On March 30, 1978, in an East German hospital, he died.

On September 25, 1997, shortly after 10 a.m., two Mossad combatants approached Hamas official Khaled Mashal and released into his ear a potentially fatal dose of a synthetic opiate called Fetanyl, according to foreign sources. ”I felt a loud noise in my ear. It was like a boom, like an electric shock. Then I had shivering sensation in my body like an electric shock,” Mashal told Alan Cowell of The New York Times.

Within two hours he was close to respiratory collapse and would have died had Mishka Ben David, a senior Mossad officer, not provided the Jordanian authorities with the antidote.

Chemical weapons

In 1955, sure that war with Egypt loomed on the horizon, Ben-Gurion pushed the defense establishment to produce a nonconventional capacity to respond to any such assault from Egypt. “He ordered that this nonconventional capability be operationalized – i.e., weaponized and stockpiled – as soon as possible and before a war with Egypt broke out,” Cohen wrote in an article published in The Nonproliferation Review in the 2001 Fall-Winter edition. “The ‘cheap nonconventional capability’ that preceded the nuclear option was chemical, not biological,” he added.

In June 1963 Egypt used chemical weapons in the Yemen civil war. The first usage was considered primitive. But in subsequent years and, most alarmingly from an Israeli perspective, in the months and days leading up to the Six Day War in 1967, Egypt fired chemical bombs on villages, killing hundreds; the last attack occurred on May 10, 1967, three weeks before the start of the war and four days before Egypt began amassing troops in the Sinai desert.

In July 1990, in perhaps the most straightforward indication of Israeli capacities, then-science minister Yuval Ne’eman was quoted in The New York Times as having told Israel Radio that if Saddam Hussein attacked Israel, ”In my opinion, we have an excellent response, and that is to threaten Hussein with the same merchandise.”

In 1992, the crash of an El Al 747 near Amsterdam revealed — according to a paper by Jean Pascal Zanders, a senior research fellow at the European Institute for Security Studies — that the cargo contained three of the four precursors to sarin, including dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP).” The compound has several legitimate civilian uses, Zanders wrote, but “the secrecy with which the investigation of the accident and the recovery and clean-up operations were conducted, fed speculation over its true purpose.”

Finally, last week Foreign Policy magazine discovered an old CIA document, which revealed that US spy satellites in 1982 located “a probable CW [chemcial weapon] nerve agent production facility and a storage facility… at the Dimona Sensitive Storage Area in the Negev Desert. Other CW production is believed to exist within a well-developed Israeli chemical industry.”



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BeitragVerfasst: 28. Jul 2017, 21:37 

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Zitat:
Der Westen wirft dem Iran vor, an der Entwicklung von ballistischen Langstreckenraketen zu arbeiten, die auch mit atomaren Sprengköpfen bestückt werden könnten. Teheran bestreitet dies.

Zitat:
(APA/AFP)


Ist das jetzt die neueste "Sprachregelung" für die Nachrichtenagenturen? In der Region gibt es etliche andere Staaten, die ebenfalls über "ballistische Langstreckenraketen" verfügen, u.a. Ägypten, Saudi Arabien, Israel, Syrien, die VAE, der Jemen, die Türkei und Pakistan. Zwei dieser Staaten verfügen tatsächlich über nukleare Gefechtsköpfe.

Und bei dem, was aus Washington kolportiert wird, kann man sicherheitspolitisch nur das Schlimmste annehmen. Hoffentlich spielen die Europäer bei diesem dreckigen Spiel nicht auch noch mit:

    Trump Seeks Way to Declare Iran in Violation of Nuclear Deal

    Zitat:
    President Trump, frustrated that his national security aides have not given him any options on how the United States can leave the Iran nuclear deal, has instructed them to find a rationale for declaring that the country is violating the terms of the accord.

    American officials have already told allies they should be prepared to join in reopening negotiations with Iran or expect that the United States may abandon the agreement, as it did the Paris climate accord. And according to several foreign officials, the United States has begun raising with international inspectors in Vienna the possibility of demanding access to military sites in Iran where there is reasonable suspicion of nuclear research or development.

    If the Iranians balk, as seems likely, their refusal could enable Washington to declare Tehran in violation of the two-year-old deal.

    Zitat:
    Mr. Trump had expected to be presented with options for how to get out of the deal, according to two officials, and in the words of one of them, “he had a bit of a meltdown when that wasn’t one of the choices.”

    Mr. Trump himself made it clear he does not plan to let that happen again.

    “We’re doing very detailed studies,” he told The Wall Street Journal in an interview this week. Later, he added that when the next 90-day review of the deal comes around — mandated by Congress two years ago — “I think they’ll be noncompliant.”

    His aides say they are not so sure of the outcome, and they described the studies Mr. Trump referred to as evenhanded efforts to evaluate the costs and benefits of staying inside the deal — with its sharp limitations on Iran’s ability to produce nuclear fuel for at least the next nine years — versus abandoning it.

    Some concede that the diplomatic cost of abandoning the agreement would be high. The other parties to the agreement — Britain, China, France, Germany and Russia — do not share Mr. Trump’s objections. If the United States withdraws support for the accord, it will be isolated on the issue, much as it is on the climate change agreement.

    But the president’s mind seems made up. “Look, I have a lot of respect for Rex and his people, good relationship,” he said of Mr. Tillerson. “It’s easier to say they comply. It’s a lot easier. But it’s the wrong thing. They don’t comply.”

    Even longtime critics of the deal in Congress have their doubts about the wisdom of abandoning it. In an interview this week with David Ignatius of The Washington Post, the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Bob Corker, Republican of Tennessee, strongly suggested that this is not the moment to abandon something that is largely working.

    “What I say to the president, and this is what Tillerson, Mattis and McMaster say,” said Mr. Corker, referring to Defense Secretary Jim Mattis and the national security adviser, Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster, is that “you can only tear the agreement up one time.”

    Right now, he added, “it’s not like a nuclear weapon is getting ready to be developed.”

    Absent any urgency, he argued for a more nuanced approach. “Radically enforce it,” he said of the deal, demanding access to “various facilities in Iran.”

    “If they don’t let us in,” Mr. Corker said, “boom.”

    He added: “You want the breakup of this deal to be about Iran. You don’t want it to be about the U.S., because we want our allies with us.” Mr. Tillerson, he said, ultimately wanted to renegotiate a deal that would stop Iran from enriching uranium forever — a concession it is hard to imagine Iran ever making.

    Some version of Mr. Corker’s “radical enforcement” is essentially the strategy that national security officials have described in recent days.



Zuletzt geändert von theoderich am 29. Jul 2017, 17:17, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.

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BeitragVerfasst: 29. Jul 2017, 15:40 

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Der neueste Witz:

    Zitat:
    Der Westen wirft Teheran vor, Langstreckenraketen zu entwickeln, die mit atomaren Sprengköpfen bestückt werden könnten. Der Iran bestreitet, mit seinen Tests atomare Ziele zu verfolgen.


"Große Ziele" - "kleine Ziele" - "atomare Ziele" ... :-)


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BeitragVerfasst: 03. Aug 2017, 08:55 

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USA und Europäer: Irans Raketentest war "bedrohlicher Schritt"

Zitat:
Der Test einer Trägerrakete für Satelliten sei ein "bedrohlicher und provokanter Schritt" Teherans gewesen, hieß es in einem am Mittwoch bekannt gewordenen Brief der vier Sicherheitsratsmitglieder.

Die Rakete vom Typ "Simorgh" hätte "als ballistische Rakete" eine Reichweite von mehr als 300 Kilometern und könne mit atomaren Sprengköpfen bestückt werden, erklärten die Länder in ihrem Schreiben, das von US-Botschafterin Nikki Haley unterzeichnet war.

Zitat:
(APA, 2.8.2017)


Iran's Space Launch Vehicle Inconsistent With UNSCR 2231 Joint Statement by France, Germany, the United Kingdom and United States




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Was bei den Nachrichtenagenturen alles als "Raketentest" durchgeht ...

Italien hat vor zwei Tagen einen "Raketentest" durchgeführt:



Don’t repeat the Iraq War false WMD claims with Iran



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BeitragVerfasst: 13. Aug 2017, 21:37 

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Iranian Parliament, Facing U.S. Sanctions, Votes to Raise Defense Spending

Zitat:
Iranian lawmakers voted overwhelmingly on Sunday to increase the country’s budget for its ballistic missile program and foreign operations by the Revolutionary Guards, a direct challenge to new United States sanctions against the Islamic republic.

Zitat:
The increase in the defense budget and other measures came in retaliation to legislation passed by Congress and reluctantly signed by President Trump this month to impose new sanctions on Iran over its missile program.

Zitat:
The Parliament bill obliged the new government of President Hassan Rouhani to prepare a strategic plan for confronting the “threats, malicious, hegemonic and divisive activities of America in the region.” It also seeks to sanction the entire United States administration and all Central Intelligence Agency personnel.

Zitat:
The bill proposed by Parliament needs the approval of an oversight watchdog, but that seems like a technicality, experts say.

Iran’s total defense budget increase is less than $800 million, a fraction of the cost of the latest arms purchase by Saudi Arabia, Iran’s regional nemesis, from American defense companies. The Saudis ordered $110 billion worth of United States arms in May.

Iran will spend $260 million on its ballistic missile program and around $300 million on activities by the Quds brigade, the international arm of the Revolutionary Guards corps. The rest of the money will go to other defense and intelligence projects, state media reported.



اختصاص ۱۰ هزار میلیارد ریال به نیروی قدس سپاه به منظور مبارزه با تروریسم

Assignment of 10,000 billion rials to the IRGC Qods Force to fight terrorism

    http://www.parliran.ir/majles/fa/Content/articles/اختصاص%20۱۰%20هزار%20میلیارد%20ریال%20به%20نیروی%20قدس%20سپاه%20به%20منظور%20مبارزه%20با%20تروریسم%2013960522

کلیات طرح یک فوریتی مقابله با اقدامات ماجراجویانه و تروریستی آمریکا در منطقه تصویب شد

The general layout of the emergency response to US adventurous and terrorist acts in the region was approved

    http://www.parliran.ir/majles/fa/Content/articles/کلیات%20طرح%20یک%20فوریتی%20مقابله%20با%20اقدامات%20ماجراجویانه%20و%20تروریستی%20آمریکا%20در%20منطقه%20تصویب%20شد%2013960522

Anti-US bill passes Iran Parliament committee



Die neue Website des iranischen Parlaments läuft derzeit noch als Betaversion. Die Suche nach Vorlagen und Entschließungsanträgen ist momentan nur mit einem Passwort zugänglich.


Zitat:
جستجو در بانک قوانین


Suche Geschäftsordnung

Zitat:
جستجو در طرح و لوایح


Suche Vorlagen und Entschließungsanträge

Zitat:
جستجو در اسناد بالادستی


Suche Dokumente


Die Budgetgesetze findet man unter folgender Adresse:

    http://law.parliran.ir/law/fa/MXhndXBXbUs0MWlnNTJSUE5qa1VZSUxLcjdFSU9qJTJiQQ==/قانون%20بودجه


Die Vorlage zu diesem neuen Gesetz habe ich letztendlich hier gefunden:


Leider nur eingescannt und nicht in elektronischer Form. Unmöglich mit Google zu übersetzen.


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BeitragVerfasst: 18. Sep 2017, 02:22 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
Beiträge: 20766
Zitat:
Iran cracks down on Revolutionary Guards business network

Elite force has had to restructure some companies and transfer others to the state

September 14, 2017
by Najmeh Bozorgmehr in Tehran

Iran’s Revolutionary Guards Corps is being forced to shrink its sprawling business empire and some of its senior members have been arrested as part of President Hassan Rouhani’s attempts to curb the elite force’s role in the economy.

In the past year, the guards, who have interests in sectors ranging from oil and gas to telecoms and construction, have had to restructure some holding companies and transfer ownership of others back to the state, a regime insider and a government official told the Financial Times.

At least a dozen guards members and affiliated businessmen have been detained in recent months, while others are being forced to pay back wealth accrued through suspect business deals, the officials said.

One manager of a large holding company affiliated to the guards was arrested a few months ago and cash worth millions of dollars was confiscated from his house, said a businessman who has worked with the guards. A brigadier general — described as the corps’ economic brain — was also arrested this year, but released on bail, the regime insider said.

The crackdown, which is being conducted discreetly to avoid undermining the guards — one of the most powerful arms of Islamic republic’s regime — began last year. It started after Mr Rouhani, a pragmatist who has criticised the guards’ role in the economy, told Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the supreme leader, about the vast wealth individuals affiliated to the 120,000-strong force had accumulated, the officials said.

“Mr Rouhani has told the supreme leader that the economy has reached a deadlock because of high levels of corruption and the guards’ massive control over the economy,” said one regime insider, who is a relative of the supreme leader. “Other than economic concerns, Mr Khamenei feels the need to save the guards [from corruption] and has naturally thrown his support behind the move.”

Khatam-ul-Anbia, the guards’ economic arm, declined to comment.

Iranian analysts say corruption involving politically connected individuals and entities is hampering economic development and efforts to boost growth as the country grapples with high unemployment.

Two months after he secured a second term in May elections, Mr Rouhani said the guards had created “a government with a gun,” which “scared” the private sector.

The president has been seeking to open up the Islamic republic and attract foreign investment since he signed a nuclear accord with world powers in 2015. But he has faced resistance from hardliners within the regime, including the guards, who critics say want to protect their interests.

Under the nuclear accord, many sanctions were lifted and Iran agreed to scale back its nuclear activity.

The empire

There are few public details available about the Revolutionary Guards’ business interests. But some companies are known to be affiliated to the force.

These include Sadra Iran Maritime Industrial Company, which builds oil tankers and is involved in oil and gas projects, and Shahid Rajaee Professional Group, one of Iran’s biggest construction companies.

One of the guards’ consortiums, Etemad Mobin Development Company, bought Telecom Company of Iran, a state company, for $7.8bn in 2009. Other companies linked to the guards include Ansar Bank and Sepanir Oil and Gas Engineering.

The forces’ interests stretch across many other sectors, such as health, agriculture and petrochemicals

But the US has retained financial sanctions related to Tehran’s alleged support for terrorism. The Trump administration has also imposed new sanctions on companies and individuals affiliated to the guards. The measures have put off international investors who fear they could inadvertently end up doing business with entities linked to the guards’ opaque empire.

There is little public information about the force’s business interests. Khatam-ul-Anbia’s website makes references to the areas it works in, including mining, petrochemicals, health and agriculture, but does not name companies. Some economists and businessmen estimate that the corps’ network of companies could be valued at around $100bn.

The guards involvement in the economy is traced back to the end of the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s when commanders were rewarded with contracts to build roads, dams and bridges to help reconstruct the country.

The force’s business interests rapidly spread during the presidency of Mahmoud Ahmadi-Nejad, a populist hardliner, as the corps was awarded state projects in strategic sectors, including oil and gas. A consortium affiliated to the guards paid $7.8bn for the Telecom Company of Iran, a state entity, in 2009. It has since become a cash cow to fund the corps and its allies, political observers say.

Mr Ahmadi-Nejad’s rule from 2005 to 2013 was tarnished by widespread allegations of corruption. International sanctions against the Islamic republic were also tightened during his presidency, but that presented those linked to the regime’s centres of power with the opportunity to use their networks to get involved in murky sanctions-busting deals, including selling crude, analysts say.

The government official said the guards have so far been complying with Mr Rouhani’s efforts to scale back their economic interests.

“Whether he will succeed or not, Rouhani is standing firm and determined to bring the guards under the general umbrella of the economy and give them projects only under certain competitive conditions,” the official said. “The country’s economy is in such a critical state that there is no choice but for the guards to go back to its main military task. The level of unaccountability and power is eating up the whole economy.”

Mr Rouhani last month increased the official budget for the corps’ ballistic missile programme and overseas military campaigns in a bid to placate the guards and counter their argument that they need businesses to fund their operations, including in Syria and Iraq.

“Rouhani wants the guards to be a strong military body and a powerful antiterrorism force in the Middle East but not to import cosmetics,” said the businessman.

The restructuring of the corps’ businesses is being overseen by Major General Mohammad Bagheri, the joint chief of staff of the armed forces, who is responsible for the guards and the conventional military, the regime insider said. That is intended to show that the process is carried out by a bipartisan institution.

But the regime insider said the overhaul can only work as long as it has the backing of the 78-year-old Ayatollah, Iran’s ultimate decision maker.

“If the guards’ business interests are not rolled back today, they will take full control of the country after the leader’s death,” he said.



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BeitragVerfasst: 23. Sep 2017, 09:03 

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Beiträge: 20766
Zitat:
Sein Programm zur Entwicklung von Kernwaffen hat der Iran im Rahmen des internationalen Atomabkommens eingestellt.

Zitat:
red, ORF.at/Agenturen


Zitat:
(APA, 23.9.2017)


Es hat vor ca. fünfzehn Jahren lediglich theoretische Überlegungen gegeben. Ein ausgewachsenes "Programm zur Entwicklung von Kernwaffen" hat im Iran nach Erkenntnissen der IAEA nie existiert.

    Final Assessment on Past and Present Outstanding Issues regarding Iran’s Nuclear Programme

    Zitat:
    87. The Agency assesses that a range of activities relevant to the development of a nuclear explosive device were conducted in Iran prior to the end of 2003 as a coordinated effort, and some activities took place after 2003. The Agency also assesses that these activities did not advance beyond feasibility and scientific studies, and the acquisition of certain relevant technical competences and capabilities. The Agency has no credible indications of activities in Iran relevant to the development of a nuclear explosive device after 2009.



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BeitragVerfasst: 13. Okt 2017, 18:55 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
Beiträge: 20766
President Donald J. Trump's New Strategy on Iran



Remarks by President Trump at the 2017 Values Voter Summit

Zitat:
We've done more against ISIS in nine months than the previous administration has done during its whole administration -- by far, by far. (Applause.) And ISIS is now being dealt one defeat after another. We are confronting rogue regimes from Iran to North Korea, and we are challenging the communist dictatorship of Cuba and the socialist oppression of Venezuela. And we will not lift the sanctions on these repressive regimes until they restore political and religious freedom for their people. (Applause.)

All of these bad actors share a common enemy, the one force they cannot stop, the force deep within our souls, and that is the power of hope. That is why, in addition to our great military might, our enemies truly fear the United States. Because our people never lose faith, never give in, and always hope for a better tomorrow.

Zitat:
This afternoon, in a little while, I'll be giving a speech on Iran, a terrorist nation like few others. And I think you're going to find it very interesting. (Applause.)


Sehr taktvoll, ein Volk von 80 Millionen Menschen pauschal als Terroristen zu bezeichnen.


Treasury Designates the IRGC under Terrorism Authority and Targets IRGC and Military Supporters under Counter-Proliferation Authority




Bild


12. Oktober 2017

    Iran Army condemns Trump stances vis-à-vis IRGC

    Zitat:
    Iran’s Army in a statement denounced US President Donald Trump’s uncalculated remarks against Islamic Revolution Guard Corps (IRGC).

    The statement released on Thursday said insulting IRGC is insulting the whole nation of Iran and underlined unity and cohesion among armed forces, especially the Army and IRGC as a “united hand”.

    “If it were not for the measures of armed forces, IRGS in particular, terrorism would spread to many of regional states,” the statement added.

    'Members of the IRGC and the Iranian Army have sacrificed their lives alongside each other in different crises for maintaining the strength and identity of the establishment and will defend together the lofty ideals of the Islamic Republic,' said the statement.

    Underlining its decisive backing to IRGC as the mighty pillar of the country and forerunner in fighting terrorism, the statement ensured that all plots would be neutralized in view of unity among the armed forces and intelligent leadership of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei.

    8072**1771



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