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BeitragVerfasst: 02. Nov 2017, 02:49 

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Saudi Arabia to Extract Uranium for 'Self-sufficient' Nuclear Program

Zitat:
Saudi Arabia plans to extract uranium domestically as part of its nuclear power program and sees this as a step towards "self-sufficiency" in producing atomic fuel, a senior official said on Monday.

Extracting its own uranium also makes sense from an economic point of view, said Hashim bin Abdullah Yamani, head of the Saudi government agency tasked with the nuclear plans, the King Abdullah City for Atomic and Renewable Energy (KACARE).

In a speech at an international nuclear power conference in Abu Dhabi, he did not specify whether Saudi Arabia seeks to also enrich and reprocess uranium – steps in the fuel cycle which are especially sensitive as they can open up the possibility of military uses of the material.

The world's top oil exporter says it wants to tap atomic power for peaceful purposes only in order to diversify its energy supply and will award a construction contract for its first two nuclear reactors by the end of 2018.

"Regarding the production of uranium in the kingdom, this is a program which is our first step towards self-sufficiency in producing nuclear fuel," Yamani told a conference organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). "We utilize the uranium ore that has been proven to be economically efficient."

Zitat:
Saudi Arabia would be the second country in the Gulf Arab region to tap nuclear after the United Arab Emirates, which is set to start up its first, South Korean-built reactor in 2018. The UAE has committed not to enrich uranium itself and not to reprocess spent fuel.

Industry sources have told Reuters Saudi Arabia is reaching out to potential vendors from South Korea, China, France, Russia, Japan and the United States for its first two reactors.

The plans have received extra momentum as part of Saudi Arabia's Vision 2030, an ambitious economic reform programme launched last year by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

Yamani said Saudi Arabia will soon pass laws for its nuclear programme and will have set up all of the regulations for its nuclear regulator by the third quarter of 2018.

"The IAEA also has been requested to conduct an integrated review of our nuclear infrastructure during the second quarter of 2018," he said, which will allow the agency to assess efforts to prepare Saudi infrastructure "to introduce nuclear power for peaceful purposes."

Saudi Arabia is considering building some 17.6 gigawatts of nuclear capacity by 2032, the equivalent of about 17 reactors, making it one of the strongest prospects for an industry struggling after the 2011 nuclear disaster in Japan.

Preliminary studies have estimated Saudi Arabia has around 60,000 tonnes of uranium ore, Maher al Odan, the chief atomic energy officer of KACARE said at an electricity forum in Riyadh on Oct 11.



Die Saudis haben, im Gegensatz zum Iran, das Zusatzprotokoll für Inspektionen durch IAEA nicht einmal unterzeichnet:



Und sie verfügen bereits über die Mittel, um Atomwaffen auch einsetzen zu können:



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BeitragVerfasst: 07. Nov 2017, 10:36 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
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Financial Times hat geschrieben:
UN nuclear agency counters Trump objections to Iran deal

IAEA head says inspectors have been able to access Islamic republic’s military sites


4 hours ago by Katrina Manson in Washington

The head of the UN agency charged with verifying Iran’s commitments under a precarious nuclear deal has countered objections hurled at the agreement by US President Donald Trump.

Yukiya Amano, director-general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, said its inspectors had been able to visit military locations and that the role of such sites in its monitoring programme had been “overly exaggerated”.

“We have had access to all the locations that we needed to visit,” he told the Financial Times, confirming that the agency can visit military sites if needed.



November 06, 2017
Notice Regarding the Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Iran

Zitat:
On November 14, 1979, in Executive Order 12170, the President declared a national emergency with respect to Iran pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706) to deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States.

Our relations with Iran have not yet normalized, and the process of implementing the agreements with Iran, dated January 19, 1981, is ongoing. For this reason, the national emergency declared on November 14, 1979, and the measures adopted on that date to deal with that emergency, must continue in effect beyond November 14, 2017. In accordance with section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the national emergency with respect to Iran declared in Executive Order 12170.

The emergency declared in Executive Order 12170 is distinct from the emergency declared in Executive Order 12957 on March 15, 1995. This renewal, therefore, is distinct from the emergency renewal of January 13, 2017.

This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted to the Congress.

DONALD J. TRUMP


THE WHITE HOUSE,
November 6, 2017.


      50 USC Ch. 35: INTERNATIONAL EMERGENCY ECONOMIC POWERS

      Zitat:
      §1701. Unusual and extraordinary threat; declaration of national emergency; exercise of Presidential authorities

        (a) Any authority granted to the President by section 1702 of this title may be exercised to deal with any unusual and extraordinary threat, which has its source in whole or substantial part outside the United States, to the national security, foreign policy, or economy of the United States, if the President declares a national emergency with respect to such threat.

        (b) The authorities granted to the President by section 1702 of this title may only be exercised to deal with an unusual and extraordinary threat with respect to which a national emergency has been declared for purposes of this chapter and may not be exercised for any other purpose. Any exercise of such authorities to deal with any new threat shall be based on a new declaration of national emergency which must be with respect to such threat.

      §1702. Presidential authorities

        (a) In general

          (1) At the times and to the extent specified in section 1701 of this title, the President may, under such regulations as he may prescribe, by means of instructions, licenses, or otherwise—

            (A) investigate, regulate, or prohibit—

              (i) any transactions in foreign exchange,

              (ii) transfers of credit or payments between, by, through, or to any banking institution, to the extent that such transfers or payments involve any interest of any foreign country or a national thereof,

              (iii) the importing or exporting of currency or securities,

            by any person, or with respect to any property, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States;

            (B) investigate, block during the pendency of an investigation, regulate, direct and compel, nullify, void, prevent or prohibit, any acquisition, holding, withholding, use, transfer, withdrawal, transportation, importation or exportation of, or dealing in, or exercising any right, power, or privilege with respect to, or transactions involving, any property in which any foreign country or a national thereof has any interest by any person, or with respect to any property, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States; and.1

            (C) when the United States is engaged in armed hostilities or has been attacked by a foreign country or foreign nationals, confiscate any property, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, of any foreign person, foreign organization, or foreign country that he determines has planned, authorized, aided, or engaged in such hostilities or attacks against the United States; and all right, title, and interest in any property so confiscated shall vest, when, as, and upon the terms directed by the President, in such agency or person as the President may designate from time to time, and upon such terms and conditions as the President may prescribe, such interest or property shall be held, used, administered, liquidated, sold, or otherwise dealt with in the interest of and for the benefit of the United States, and such designated agency or person may perform any and all acts incident to the accomplishment or furtherance of these purposes.

          (2) In exercising the authorities granted by paragraph (1), the President may require any person to keep a full record of, and to furnish under oath, in the form of reports or otherwise, complete information relative to any act or transaction referred to in paragraph (1) either before, during, or after the completion thereof, or relative to any interest in foreign property, or relative to any property in which any foreign country or any national thereof has or has had any interest, or as may be otherwise necessary to enforce the provisions of such paragraph. In any case in which a report by a person could be required under this paragraph, the President may require the production of any books of account, records, contracts, letters, memoranda, or other papers, in the custody or control of such person.

      Zitat:
      §1705. Penalties

        (a) Unlawful acts

        It shall be unlawful for a person to violate, attempt to violate, conspire to violate, or cause a violation of any license, order, regulation, or prohibition issued under this chapter.

        (b) Civil penalty

        A civil penalty may be imposed on any person who commits an unlawful act described in subsection (a) in an amount not to exceed the greater of—

          (1) $250,000; or

          (2) an amount that is twice the amount of the transaction that is the basis of the violation with respect to which the penalty is imposed.

        (c) Criminal penalty

        A person who willfully commits, willfully attempts to commit, or willfully conspires to commit, or aids or abets in the commission of, an unlawful act described in subsection (a) shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $1,000,000, or if a natural person, may be imprisoned for not more than 20 years, or both.



November 05, 2017
Readout of President Donald J. Trump's Call with King Salman of Saudi Arabia

Zitat:
President Trump thanked the King for his support and emphasized America’s commitment to defeating ISIS. The leaders also discussed the continuing threat of Iranian-backed Houthi militias in Yemen and last night’s intercepted missile attack on Riyadh. They emphasized the importance of countering extremist ideologies and championing moderation and tolerance. The President commended the King on achieving the commitments he announced during the historic Riyadh Summit earlier this year, including launching the Terrorist Financing Targeting Center and the Global Center for Combating Extremist Ideology. President Trump thanked the King for military purchases, including a $15 billion investment in Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) and billions more in commitments and investments. The President assured the King that he would support the purchase of appropriate military equipment that would keep Saudi Arabia safe and help create American jobs.

Zitat:
Additionally, President Trump noted that the King and Crown Prince’s recent public statements regarding the need to build a moderate, peaceful, and tolerant region are essential to ensuring a hopeful future for the Saudi people, to curtailing terrorist funding, and to defeating radical ideology – once and for all – so the world can be safe from its evil.


Trump lebt offenbar in seiner eigenen Welt.


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BeitragVerfasst: 15. Nov 2017, 17:34 

Registriert: 09. Sep 2008, 22:29
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War das damals etwa üblich? Sich bezahlen zu lassen, aber nicht zu liefern, weil die Regierung gestürzt wurde?

    Husband of Briton Zaghari-Ratcliffe jailed in Iran meets Johnson

    Zitat:
    The husband of Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, the British woman jailed by Iran, has urged the UK foreign secretary to escalate his wife’s case in an effort to secure her release.

    Richard Ratcliffe on Wednesday held his first meeting with Boris Johnson since his British-Iranian wife was jailed in 2016 and stressed the urgency of her case.

    “I absolutely believe her when she says she’s on the verge of a nervous breakdown,” Mr Ratcliffe told reporters after meeting Mr Johnson for more than an hour.

    Mr Ratcliffe added that while he ruled out a bargain or paying any ransom, Britain could facilitate his wife’s release by settling a longstanding £400m debt with Tehran over a tank sale. Iran would be more likely to honour its international commitments if the UK did the same, he said.

    Zitat:
    The Sun newspaper reported on Wednesday that Iranian officials had demanded that Britain settle a £400m bill over the sale of Chieftain tanks to Tehran in exchange for her release. Britain agreed to sell Iran 1,500 Chieftains before the 1979 revolution but delivered only 185 because of the change of regime.

    Mr Johnson has rejected any link between Zaghari-Ratcliffe’s situation and the Chieftains. The Foreign Office said: “This is a longstanding case and relates to contracts signed over 40 years ago with the pre-revolution Iranian regime. Funding to settle the debt was paid to the High Court by the Treasury and [International Military Services, the supplier] in 2002. Iran’s Ministry of Defence remains subject to EU sanctions.”

    Penny Madden, a lawyer representing the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charity for which Zaghari-Ratcliffe works, said the UK had a legal duty to pay the money.

    “We understand that the government want to honour that obligation, they’ve set aside funds . . . and that is obviously something that would be helpful in terms of the British government being seen by the Iranian government to actually make good and comply with its own obligations,” she said.

    Mr Ratcliffe said: “Iran was hoping that there would be a new era [of relations with the west], and they are frustrated with how long it’s taking.”



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BeitragVerfasst: 17. Nov 2017, 13:07 

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Israeli military chief wants closer Saudi ties as Iran tensions rise

Zitat:
Israel’s military chief has given an “unprecedented” interview to a Saudi newspaper underlining the ways in which the two countries could unite to counter Iran’s influence in the region.

Speaking to the Saudi newspaper Elaph, Gen Gadi Eisenkot described Iran as the “biggest threat to the region” and said Israel would be prepared to share intelligence with “moderate” Arab states like Saudi Arabia in order to “deal with” Tehran.

The interview, however, is particularly striking in its very public and confrontational messaging: an appeal by Israel to Riyadh for a joint action on Tehran, delivered by Israel’s most senior soldier.

Zitat:
Eisenkot told Elaph that the two countries agree about Iran’s intentions and that Israel is increasingly “highly regarded by the moderate countries in the region”. Asked about Israeli intelligence sharing with Saudi Arabia, he insisted: “We are prepared to share information if it is necessary. There are many mutual interests between them [Saudi Arabia] and us.”

The interview – described by the Israeli newspaper Haaretz as “unprecedented” – would have required Israeli political approval at the highest level, given the lack of diplomatic relations with Saudi Arabia.

Zitat:
“There’s an opportunity to form a new international coalition in the region with President Trump,” Eisenkot added. “We need to carry out a large, comprehensive strategic plan to stop the Iranian threat.”

Zitat:
Echoing the recent rhetoric of Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Eisenkot charged Iran with “seeking to take control of the Middle East creating a [Shia] crescent from Lebanon to Iran and then from the Gulf to the Red Sea,” adding that “we must prevent this from happening”.

“In this matter there is complete agreement between us and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which has never been our enemy. It has not fought us nor have we fought it.

“When I was at a meeting of the [US] joint chiefs of staff in Washington and heard what the Saudi representative had to say, I found it identical to what I think in the need to confront Iran and its expansion in the region.”

Eisenkot added that at present Israel has no intention of attacking the Iranian-backed Hezbollah in Lebanon. “We have no intention of attacking Hezbollah in Lebanon leading to a war,” he told the paper. “However we will not accept a strategic threat to Israel.”



Unprecedented Interview to Saudi Media: 'Ready to Share Intel on Iran'

Zitat:
In the interview to the Saudi online newspaper Elaph, Eisenkot called Iran the "real and largest threat to the region." He said Israel and Saudi Arabia are in complete agreement about Iran's intentions.

He also noted that Israel and Saudi Arabia have never fought each other.

Eisenkot said that Israel's military situation has never been better. He said that was why it is "highly regarded by the moderate countries in the region."

Israel's military chief accused Iran of trying to destabilize the region by building weapons factories and supplying advanced arms to guerilla and terrorist organizations across the Middle East.

"Iran seeks to take control of the Middle East, creating a Shi'ite crescent from Lebanon to Iran and then from the [Persian] Gulf to the Red Sea."

"We must prevent this from happening," he added.

Eisenkot said Israel has no intention of initiating an attack on Hezbollah in Lebanon. "We see Iranian attempts at bringing about an escalation, but I don't see a high chance for this at the moment."

He cautioned, however, that local flare-ups could "lead to a broad strategic conflict."

Zitat:
Eisenkot also commented on the Middle East policies of the American and Russian governments. He said he welcomed U.S President Donald Trump’s announcement that it is necessary to put an end to the Iranian ballistic missile program and Iran’s growing hold in Syria and Iraq.

“I view it as hope for the region,” he said.

“With President Trump. there is an opportunity to build a new international coalition in the region. We need to carry out a large and inclusive strategic plan to stop the Iranian danger. We are willing to exchange information with moderate Arab countries, including intelligence information in order to deal with Iran,” added Eisenkot.

As to whether Israel has already shared such information with Saudi Arabia, Eisenkot said: “We are willing to share information if there is a need. We have many shared interests between us.”

Eisenkot said Israel and the Saudis are on the same page about Iran: “I participated in the meeting of chiefs of staff in Washington and heard what the Saudi representative said. It is precisely what I think concerning Iran and the need to deal with it in the region and the need to stop its program of expansion.”

Eisenkot was blunt about what extended Iranian presence in Syria would mean.

“Our demand is for Hezbollah to leave Syria and for Iran and its militias to retreat from Syria. We have said openly, and also quietly and secretly too, that we will not accept Iranian consolidation in Syria in general, and their concentration west of the Damascus – Sweida Road [about 50 kilometers from the Israeli border on the Golan Heights]. We will not allow any Iranian presence, we have warned them against building factories or military bases and we will not allow it,” he said.

He described as "complicated" the internal situation in Lebanon.

“Hariri’s move in resigning from Riyadh was surprising, but I see that Hezbollah has begun to feel financial pressure. They have run into serious problems with supplies. We also see a drop in support for Hezbollah and there are also cracks in the public that supports Hezbollah, as well as demonstrations in the Dahiya [neighborhood of Beirut, a Shi’ite stronghold]. That is something we haven’t seen in the past.”

He also gave additional insight into how Israel views American and Russian policy in the Middle East.

“The United States is trying to strengthen and support the moderate Sunni axis in the region without bringing in [American] troops or fighting on the ground. At the same time, there is a Russian policy that sees only the Russian interests in Syria,” said Eisenkot. “The Russians know how to get along very well with all the sides. They forged an alliance with Assad, Iran and Hezbollah on one side (and) with the Americans in the war against ISIS."

He added that the system they have worked out in which Russia acts as a channel between Turkey and Israel in order to prevent potential friction between the two countries has worked out very well.


Saudi Arabien und "moderat" ... Da kann man auch behaupten, der IS wäre eine humanitäre Organisation wie die Caritas.


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