Re: Das Eurofighter Typhoon - Programm
Verfasst: 13. Nov 2017, 20:00
BAE Systems and the Government of the State of Qatar have entered into a contract, valued at approximately £5bn, for the supply of Typhoon aircraft to the Qatar Emiri Air Force along with a bespoke support and training package.
The contract is subject to financing conditions and receipt by the Company of first payment, which are expected to be fulfilled no later than mid-2018.
The contract provides for 24 Typhoon aircraft with delivery expected to commence in late 2022.
BAE Systems is the prime contractor for both the provision of the aircraft and the agreed arrangements for the in-service support and initial training.
£5 billion #Qatar #Typhoon deal also includes @MBDA #Meteor and #Brimstone missiles, as well as training of pilots and maintainers in the UK.
The first phase of test flights for the Leonardo AESA radar, which included unpowered and powered flights in the UK, wrapped up earlier this year with ‘excellent results’, according Alastair Morrison, SVP radar & advanced targeting at Leonardo Airborne and Space Systems.
‘There have been some really good long-range tracking results and we have been able to test the radar’s Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) mode as well,’ he explained.
The next stage will see a second Captor-E flight test asset – also known as an instrumented production aircraft (IPA) – begin flights in Germany ‘very shortly’. According to Eurofighter, this will utilise IPA 8, a German-built test aircraft.
‘Currently we’ve been working with the first asset in the UK, having the second asset will allow us to run multiple programmes in parallel,’ said Morrison.
The next 12 months will see Leonardo perform a series of ‘high intensity’ flight trials with incremental software updates to enable the required capability – known as the Phase 3 Enhancement (P3E) standard - to be available for the first deliveries to the Kuwait Air Force.
The hardware has ‘an enormous amount of potential’ for future enhancements, said Morrison, owing to the amount of power it can generate because of its large antenna. Extra capabilities such as communications, passive use, electronic attack and advanced surface tracking techniques could also be on the cards in the future.
The Kuwaiti Eurofighters – 28 in total comprising 22 single seat and six twin-seat – will undergo final assembly by Leonardo Aircraft in Turin, Italy.
Updating Shephard on the Kuwaiti progress, Giancarlo Mezzanatto, Eurofighter Programme Unit VP at Leonardo Aircraft said that production activities had already begun in the second half of 2016 and ‘are currently in line with the baseline plan and, in some cases, ahead of schedule’.
Mezzanatto confirmed that the first deliveries are scheduled for 2020, with the assembly phase now beginning.
‘The wing skins of the first left hand wing at Leonardo and right hand wing at Airbus Defence & Space in Spain have already completed and the assembly phase will start before the end of 2017,’ he explained.
The first rear fuselage section is going to start the ‘Stage 2’ assembly phase at Leonardo in early 2018, while the ‘Stage 1’ assembly phase is already running at BAE Systems’ Warton site for the first five aircraft.
The centre fuselage section, produced by Airbus Defence & Space in Germany, will start the assembly in the first half of 2018. BAE Systems have begun the assembly of the front fuselage sections and the first is now ready to start the equipping phase, confirmed Mezzanatto.
Kuwait will also acquire Boeing-built F/A-18 aircraft from the US government, with the US State Department approving a $10 billion sale of 32 aircraft last year.
Das Ministerium prüfe derzeit unterschiedliche Optionen für die Ablösung des Tornados ab 2025, heißt es in einem Schreiben von Verteidigungsstaatssekretär Ralf Brauksiepe an die Grünen-Abgeordnete Franziska Brantner, das Reuters am Montag vorlag.
“Primär wird dabei das europäische Kampfflugzeug Eurofighter betrachtet, sekundär auch drei US-amerikanische Muster”. Bei den drei US-Maschinen handle es sich um die F-15 und die F-18 von Boeing sowie die F-35 von Lockheed Martin.
Mit der sehr eindeutigen Aussage Brauksiepes folgt die Reaktion, die eigentlich schon nach Müllners Aussagen im November erwartet worden war. Mit der klaren Präferenz des Ministeriums für den Eurofighter wird allerdings auch die Frage um so dringlicher, ob dieses Flugzeug dann auch für den Einsatz von Atomwaffen im Rahmen der so genannten Nuklearen Teilhabe ausgerüstet werden soll – ein erheblicher Kostenfaktor. Die mögliche atomare Bewaffnung des Tornados war bislang ein wesentlicher Grund für die Planung, die Maschinen länger im Einsatz zu halten.
Darüber hinaus wird das Auswirkungen auf die Frage haben, ob die erste Version der Eurofighter, die so genannte Tranche 1, in der Luftwaffe durch eine neuere Version des Kampfjets ersetzt werden soll – und in welchem Umfang. Die Tranche 1 ist faktisch nur als Jagdflugzeug nutzbar und nicht für weitergehende Aufgaben wie Luftangriffe. Ende kommenden Jahres soll im Parlament über diesen Ersatz beraten werden.
Qatar’s launch of a huge air power buildup has raised a series of questions about the country’s ability to incorporate systems into its military amid a crisis faced with the Gulf nations.
On Sunday, Britain signed a deal with the small Gulf country to supply 24 Typhoon fighters after two consecutive agreements with the U.S. to purchase 36 Boeing F-15QA and France to receive 12 additional Dassault Rafale fighters.
One industrial source with knowledge of the matter stressed expanded capabilities provided by the three new jets, noting that “the air force will now have a total of 96 new aircraft, compared to its current Mirage-2000 fleet of a dozen.
“The problem faced here is the lack of Qatari armed forces personnel to operate three top-line fighter types,” he added. “In order to compensate for staffing shortage, Qatar will inevitably have to recruit foreign forces.”
The Gulf country maintains a military force of approximately 27,500 men, including 2,500 from the air force.
Pieter Wezeman, a Senior Researcher on the arms and military expenditure program at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), described Qatar’s military power buildup as a “complete transformation from a very small armed forces — as expected from a small country — to armed forces which will be in size and technology amongst the largest and most capable per capita of any country in the world.”
“In terms of deliveries, Qatar has gone from a minor arms importer before 2014 to a significant one in the years since, and based on a series of major contracts signed over the past two years, it is expected that its arms imports will be even higher in the coming years,” Wezeman added.
SIPRI estimates that Qatari arms imports rose by 245 percent between 2007 and 2011; furthermore, 2012–2016 as part of a program that will multiply its military assets several times. However, Qatar is a small country and its arms imports remain substantially lower than those of Saudi Arabia and the UAE, according to the institute.
On the potential difficulties that Qatar may face, the senior researcher said “the balance between official Qatari citizens and expatriates, and the very high speed with which the country is ordering highly advanced weapons, it remains to be seen how it will be able to absorb these weapons into an effective force and how much they will be dependent on foreign support, including mercenaries.”