F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Wehrtechnik & Rüstung, Gemeinsame Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik
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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von Raveman » 23. Nov 2014, 13:21


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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von theoderich » 28. Nov 2014, 15:11

F-35B testet ASRAAM und Paveway IV


Beim Navy-Testzentrum in Maryland wurden die ersten Flüge mit den von der Royal Air Force genutzten Lenkwaffen und lasergelenkten Bomben durchgeführt.

Der Integrationsprozess für die Britisch-spezifische Bewaffnung begann mit neun Flügen, für die zwei der Prototypen des B-Modells (Kurzstart- und Senkrechtlandefähigkeit) benutzt wurden. Billie Flynn von Lockheed Martin und Squadron Leader Andy Edgell beurteilten dabei das Handling mit unterschiedlichen Außenlastkonfigurationen.

Zunächst ging es nur um die Vermessung der Flattereigenschaften. Mit Abwurfversuchen soll Anfang 2015 begonnen werden.

Weiß jemand, wann die MBDA "Meteor" in die F-35 integriert werden soll? Studien dazu gibt es ja schon seit ein paar Jahren:

    PICTURE: MBDA reveals clipped-fin Meteor for F-35 (17. September 2010)


    MBDA has revealed a slightly modified Meteor that would allow four of the beyond-visual-range air-to-air missiles to be stored inside the Lockheed Martin F-35.

    A miniature Meteor mock-up featuring four clipped fins appeared for the first time in the company's display at the Air Force Association's Air & Space Conference and Technology Exposition in Washington DC.

    The missile's total fin area is reduced by roughly 20% compared with the original design, says Rob Thornley, MBDA sales and business development executive. The new shape allows the Meteors to squeeze into the space designed to house four Raytheon AIM-120C7 AMRAAMs.

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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von theoderich » 16. Dez 2014, 20:12

Bestelling eerste 8 F-35 toestellen in zicht

Dutch F-35 orders ready to take off

The Netherlands’ defence ministry has announced plans to order a first batch of eight operational Lockheed Martin F-35s, with the type to be delivered from 2019.

In an update published on 15 December, the defence ministry says it still plans to obtain a total of 37 F-35s, including five which will be employed as training assets. Initial operational capability with the Royal Netherlands Air Force is anticipated in 2021, with its planned full fleet to be available by 2024. The aircraft will be stationed at air bases in Leeuwarden and Volkel.

Lockheed has already delivered two conventional take-off and landing F-35As to the Netherlands in the USA, with the assets to be used during US-led initial operational test and evaluation of the Lightning II from 2015. According to its plan, the nation would receive eight aircraft per year between 2019 and 2022, with its final three examples to arrive in 2023.

The type’s introduction will coincide with a reduction in the nation's active fleet of Lockheed F-16s, from a current 61 examples to 45 in 2021 and 24 in 2023, before leaving use the following year.

Once at full strength, the Netherlands’ F-35 fleet will be sufficient for the nation to declare up to six of the type as available to support NATO operations, including two for quick reaction alert duties. Its investment in the type is expected to total €4.6 billion ($5.8 billion), the defence ministry says.

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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von theoderich » 04. Jan 2015, 15:46

Interessiert wahrscheinlich einige hier: Ein RFI des niederländischen Verteidigungsministeriums von 1999, betreffend den Ersatz der F-16 bei der Koninklijke Luchtmaacht:

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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von theoderich » 28. Jan 2015, 21:44

New Budget Will Kick Off F-35 Replacement

More pieces of next Monday's fiscal 2016 defense budget request are beginning to fall into place.

The Pentagon's future years funding projection to be released with each annual budget request will include more money than planned, the Pentagon's second in command said on Wednesday.

Earlier in the day, Pentagon acquisition chief Frank Kendall told a Senate panel that there is money in the next budget for the Air Force to begin work on its 6th generation fighter

"It will be is a program that will be initially led by DARPA," Kendall said, "but it will involve the Navy and the Air Force as well. And the intent is to develop prototypes for the next generation of air dominance platforms, X-Plane programs, if you will."

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has been working on a series of studies on 6th generation fighter technologies for the past several years, and Air Force officials have said they expect to begin flying the next generation F-35 replacements by as early as the 2030s. Industry teams are also known to have started internal research and development projects on potential 6th generation technologies.

The DARPA 6th generation fighter program has been dubbed the Air Dominance Initiative.

In keeping with the push by Kendall and Work to increase competition for programs and get the department the best deal — and the best technology possible — he added that in order to be competitive, "the Navy and the Air Force will each have variants focused on their mission requirements. There'll be a technology period leading up to development of the prototypes."

Kendall confirmed that "this will be in our budget" in 2016.

The work will eventually "lead to the systems that will ultimately come after the F-35," he said, adding that "part of the program is an airframe-oriented program with those X- plane prototypes." Another is a jet engine development program "for the next generation, also competitive prototypes for the next generation propulsion."

The Undersecretary of Defense
Acquisition, Technology & Logistics
Memorandum for Chairman, Defense Science Board

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Dick Urban
Special Assistant to the Director

Briefing prepared for 15th Annual Science and Engineering Technology/ Defense Tech Exposition

April 2014

Air Dominance

    • Battlefield situational awareness with ISR

      • Space, AWACs, Hawkeye, Rivet Joint, JSTARs

    • Aerial refueling providing global reach and persistence

      • Over 600 tankers refueling U.S. and coalition aircraft

    • Networked command and control

      • Link 16, IP network connected ISR and command centers

    • Negated their first shot with stealth

      • F-117, B-2, F-22

    • Lethal platforms:

      • Integrated sensors with precision weapons

    • Outranged our opponents with long range weapons

      • Tomahawk, AMRAAM, HARM, HARPOON

    • Superior weapons effectiveness

      • Higher probability of kill (Pk) greater than 0.6

Zuletzt geändert von theoderich am 03. Mär 2015, 17:32, insgesamt 3-mal geändert.

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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von theoderich » 03. Mär 2015, 17:25

Dutch parliament approves first F-35 production order

The Dutch parliament has approved an order for the nation’s first production batch of eight Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning IIs, to be delivered in 2019.

“With this decision, we have reached the point of no return in the replacement of the [Lockheed] F-16,” said defence minister Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert on 26 February.

From its next batch of eight F-35As, which will be assembled at Lockheed’s Fort Worth site in Texas, six will remain at a multinational pilot training centre in Luke AFB, Arizona until the end of the transition process in 2023. The two test aircraft now at Edwards AFB will also be relocated to Luke on the completion of the IOT&E activity.

Once the Dutch air force has completed its transition to the new type, five aircraft will remain in the USA for training and testing purposes. The rest of its fleet will be used to form three squadrons based in the Netherlands.

Three further batches of eight aircraft each will be ordered between 2016 and 2018, before a final three are expected to be purchased in 2019, to complete an operational buy of 35. All of these will be delivered from a final assembly and check-out centre built at Cameri air base in Italy under a joint venture between Lockheed and Alenia Aermacchi.

The first operational unit in the Netherlands will be 322 Sqn at Leeuwarden air base, and the defence ministry will next year launch preparations to accommodate the new fighters. 322 Sqn should achieve initial operational capability status in 2021 with aircraft in the Block 3F configuration, the software standard required to support training from the previous year.

Achieving IOC status will make it possible for the air force to provide four aircraft and sufficient crews for international missions for a period of three to four months.

Full operational status with all three frontline units – including the Volkel-based 312 and 313 squadrons – should be achieved in 2024. The defence ministry plans to have 29 combat-ready pilots for an operational force of 32 F-35As, with the other aircraft in regular maintenance.

The Netherlands’ total budget for the F-35 is listed as almost €3.87 billion ($4.32 billion), including around €2.5 billion for the purchase of the airframes. Other major investments are of roughly €130 million for spare parts and about €110 million for a flight simulator.


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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von theoderich » 16. Apr 2015, 10:27

F-35 Joint Strike Fighter:
Assessment Needed to Address Affordability Challenges

GAO-15-364: Published: Apr 14, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2015.

F-35 Joint Strike Fighter:
Observations on Program Progress

GAO-15-429T: Published: Apr 14, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2015.

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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von innsbronx » 16. Apr 2015, 14:48

F-35 simulator touches down in Israel

Israeli pilots to train on new Lockheed Martin simulator of next-generation stealth fighter ahead of its scheduled delivery in 2016.
Published: 04.15.15, 23:48 / Israel News

The first simulator for the Israeli Air Force's most advanced jets – the F-35 – arrived in the Jewish State recently and was unveiled on Wednesday at an airbase in the Negev as part of the preparations for the advanced warplane's expected delivery in 20 months.

Artikel mit Fotos und Video: http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340 ... 83,00.html

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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von theoderich » 16. Apr 2015, 15:19

Wenn wir schon beim Thema "Israel als JSF-Kunde" sind:

    Israel to get first F-35s in 2016

    Two Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning II Joint Strike Fighters will arrive in Israel in December 2016, making the Israeli Air Force (IAF) the first outside of the United States to receive the fifth-generation combat aircraft, a senior Lockheed Martin official said on 15 April.

    The two jets are among 33 F-35s that Israel currently has on order. The defence establishment is keen to acquire another 17 in the coming years to form two full squadrons.

    Five pilots and a squadron commander from Nevatim Air Base in southern Israel have been selected to become the country's first F-35 pilots and instructors, IAF sources added, describing them as the "core" of the first squadron.

    Steve Over, director of F-35 International Business Development for all partner nations in the programme, who is visiting Israel along with other senior Lockheed representatives, said Israeli pilots who have flown the platform have "begun to think differently" about air operations due to the jet's enhanced manoeuvrability, networking, long-range data sharing, and stealth capabilities.

    The first two F-35A fighters will be part of Lockheed's low-rate initial production stage, which will continue until the end of the aircraft's development stage, expected to be completed by 2018. "After that, we will ramp up the production rate significantly," Over added.

    More than 200 F-35s would have been produced by 2016 and 350 aircraft will be made by the end of 2018, Over said.

    He added that, in the future, Israel might be interested in acquiring the more expensive F-35B short take-off and vertical-landing (STOVL) variant so that it can continue to operate fast jets even if its runways are destroyed by enemy ballistic missile attacks.

    Alan Norman, Lockheed Martin's chief F-35 test pilot, said the F-35 will enable Israeli pilots to approach targets without being seen, gather intelligence on them, and attack air and ground threats simultaneously, providing unprecedented survivability.

    "It's easy to fly," he said. "The pilot is no longer a technician. He can truly be a tactician by focusing on bringing weapons systems into a battle arena."

    An active electronically scanned fire-control radar in the aircraft's nose will be joined by several embedded antennas and sensors, including electronic warfare detectors, to provide "hemispherical" awareness, Over added. Pilots will be able to send each another sensory intelligence through a user-to-user datalink that does not betray the plane's electronic stealth cover.

    "It's not invisible, but it can operate in a battlespace with impunity," Norman said. "It will know where threat radars are, hundreds of miles away, and decide to either avoid or kill the threats. The sensors actively look for surface and airborne radars. It will locate threats without transmitting electrons off the plane."

    At Nevatim, IAF officials told reporters that the arrival of a new F-35 flight demonstrator will cut the time it takes for the air force to become acquainted with the new aircraft.

Ich glaube kein Wort von dem, was diese Lockheed-Mitarbeiter von sich geben. Hier wird ein Kampfflugzeug hochgejubelt, das noch so viele Probleme hat, dass er bei den US-Streitkräften erst irgendwann in den 2020er-Jahren seine volle Einsatzfähigkeit erreichen wird.

Und vom Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) gibt es auch ein unschönes Budgetdokument zu den Kosten des JSF:

    Program Acquisition Cost per Weapon System
    United States Department of Defense Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Request

    February 2015

    FY 2016 Program: Continues development of the air system, F135 single engine propulsion system, and conducts systems engineering, development and operational testing, and supports Follow-on Development. Procures a total of 57 aircraft: 44 CTOL for the Air Force, 9 STOVL for the Marine Corps, and 4 CV for the Navy in FY 2016.

Man sieht hier wieder einmal wunderbar die vielzitierte "concurrency": 1,854.3 Mio. USD für Forschung, Entwicklung und Tests im Rahmen des JSF-Programms stehen bereits 8,747.9 Mio. USD für die Beschaffung der Flugzeuge gegenüber. In den von mir oben verlinkten GAO-Berichten ist von Problemen mit dem Triebwerk F135 die Rede, die volle Kampfbefähigung ist mit der Software Block 3F vorgesehen, die nach heutigem Stand 6 Monate hinter dem Zeitplan liegt und im Jahr 2014 bei der von den meisten europäischen Staaten, aber auch Israel, georderten F-35A ganze 47,8 % hinter den geplanten Testpunkten hinterherhinkt (s.u.):

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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von innsbronx » 17. Apr 2015, 12:27

Ich habe mich zu wenig mit dem Thema beschäftigt, aber war es bei vergangen Mustern nicht so, dass Israel oft auf eigenentwickelte Avionik gesetzt hat? Man hat damit ja sehr viel Erfahrung. Weshalb ist das hier nicht der Fall? Politische Gründe oder zu komplexe Technik?

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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von theoderich » 17. Apr 2015, 12:48

Die israelische Luftwaffe bekommt sowohl eine eigene EloKa-Ausrüstung für die F-35, als auch einen im eigenen Land entwickelten Datenlink:

    Israel, U.S. Agree To $450 Million In F-35 EW Work (6. August 2012)

    “We think the stealth protection will be good for 5-10 years, but the aircraft will be in service for 30-40 years, so we need EW capabilities [on the F-35] that can be rapidly improved,” a senior Israeli air force (IAF) official tells Aviation Week. “The basic F-35 design is OK. We can make do with adding integrated software.”

    The latest accord will allow Israel to install its own radio and data link systems, as well as other equipment, on the F-35I models it is buying. Originally, stealth data links were an integral part of the F-35 mission system, restricting data communications within F-35 formations, or between F-35 and specialized communication-gateway platforms. The Multifunction Advanced Data Link (MADL), developed by Harris specifically for the F-35, provides a low-observable link that enables communications within F-35 formations and with MADL-equipped command-and-control elements. MADL uses six antennas providing spherical coverage around the aircraft. It use a Ku narrowband waveform employed in a “daisy chain” scheme—the first aircraft sends the directional signal to a second aircraft, then to a third aircraft, and so on.

    The waveform offers lower probability of detection, and thus intercept, by enemy signals intelligence (sigint) and EW systems. Originally, it was exclusive to the F-35, but in coming years it will be integrated into other stealth platforms operated by the U.S. military, including the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor and Northrop Grumman B-2 bomber fleet. Since MADL is part of the F-35 communications/navigation/identification (CNI) mission system, Israel is expected to receive MADL, which will offer the IAF a data link commonality with foreign air forces for the first time. However, relying strictly on MADL means the F-35 will not be interoperable with the rest of the IAF combat fleet, so another solution has to be found.

    Israel has always insisted on adding specific systems into the platforms it procures from foreign sources. On U.S. fighter aircraft, these enhancements were focused on the insertion of indigenous EW systems; command, control and communications; data links; and integration of Israeli-developed weapons. These Israeli changes have garnered significant export orders, and some—such as the Litening advanced targeting pod—were integrated into USAF and Marine fighters including the F-16, F-15, AV-8B, A-10, F/A-18 and B-52.

    Still, the Israeli EW deal was hard-fought, for a reason. Enabling JSF customers to include theater-specific threat libraries or a repertoire of jamming/countermeasure techniques, or issue frequent updates to these systems, requires a special approach compared with legacy, conventional EW systems. In the past, specific upgrades were issued to EW systems, which were kept separate from other avionics, thus enabling such changes.

    In the F-35, all core avionics are integrated and fused; therefore, accessing part of the system requires integration with all associated systems. Having different air forces using different versions of core avionics would render such integration more complex and costly.

    The avionic architecture of the F-35 solved this by introducing two separate integration levels. Customers can access the high level, introducing country-specific services, libraries or updates on their own, outside the aircraft software-upgrade cycles. The lower level is proprietary to the U.S. Joint Program Office and accessible only by Lockheed Martin. This level manages flight and mission-critical services, including flight controls, CNI and display, sensor management and self-protection. It also relates to the sensitive low-observable envelope of the F-35, an issue passionately guarded by the U.S.

    Replacing core avionics with new systems at such a profound level of integration is unlikely, as it would require extensive testing by all F-35 operators with no obvious gain for the developer. The IAF is moving toward a different approach—the implementation of so-called integrated modular avionics (IMA). The concept has been in development under an Israeli Defense Research and Development Directorate program for several years and is currently being implemented under several pilot programs.

    The architecture employs three layers for the integration of new applications—unified hardware, comprising a powerful general-purpose processor (GPP) and large memory bank, and a library of devices and services made available to developers, similar to a software developer kit. The common hardware would be adapted to each platform, and run common devices and services to enable developers to devise new applications designed for this generic processor, and deploy them on different types of platforms, rather than developing a specific, platform-unique application. Once the application is approved by the IAF, it could be fitted on different platforms, yet be easily maintained and upgraded over the years.

    State-owned Israel Aerospace Industries is likely to join the EW work and is already poised to start building the aircraft's wings. Elbit Systems' Elisra subsidiary, the leading EW provider for the IAF, is also likely to participate. Elbit, in a joint venture with Rockwell Collins, makes the advanced helmet used by pilots on the single-seat F-35.

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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von theoderich » 23. Jun 2015, 22:30

F-35B Jet Begins First Ski-Jump Launch and Weapons Testing


Inaugural Ski Jump of the Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning II

British pilot performs first ever F-35B launch from ski-jump

On Jun. 19, BAE Systems Test Pilot Pete ‘Wizzer’ Wilson launched the Lockheed Martin F-35B from a land-based ski-jump for the very first time, at Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland.

The trials aim at validating the troubled fifth generation multi-role aircraft’s ability to take off safely and effectively from a ski-jump ramp similar to that which will be used on the UK’s new Queen Elizabeth aircraft carrier.

Ski-jump ramps on aircraft carrier help the launching plane take off with an upward flight path. Italy’s Cavour aircraft carrier, destined to receive the Italian Navy F-35Bs that will replace the AV-8B+ Harrier II is also equipped with a ski-jump.

F-35B Aces First Release of a UK Paveway IV Bomb (19. Mai 2015)


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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von Rabe » 12. Jul 2015, 14:50


The Australian military has decided to cancel plans to purchase F-35B Joint Strike Fighter[/b] short-take-off-and-vertical landing aircraft and place 12 of the aircraft on two of their larger assault ships, citing the challenges of needing to rework the ships to accommodate the plane, according to published reports.
“Prime Minister Tony Abbott’s proposal to put F-35 fighter jets on the Navy’s two 27,000-tonne troop transport assault ships has been quietly dropped,” writes The Australian Financial Review.
The two assault ships, which are the largest in the Australian Navy, would need a massive amount of modifications in order to host the F-35B, the report said.
“The jump-jet proposal would involve extensive modifications to the ships, including new radar systems, instrument landing systems, heat-resistant decking, restructuring of fuel storage and fuel lines, and storage hangars,” The Australian Financial Review reported.
The U.S. Navy has made progress with modifications to its first America-class amphibious assault ship, the USS America, in order to improve its ability to properly host the Marine Corps’ F-35B.
Some of the modifications involve fortifying the ship’s deck such that it can withstand the heat generated by the vertical take-off and landing of the F-35B, Navy officials said.
The America’s first deployment is now slated for Spring 2016, Navy officials have said.
In total, the America is configured to house up to 31 aircraft including as many as 12 MV-22 Ospreys and the CH-53 Super Stallion, AH-1Z Super Cobra, UH-1Y Huey, F-35 B Short-take-off-and-landing Joint Strike Fighter and MH-60 Sea Hawk helicopter.
Unlike previous Wasp-class amphibious assault ships, the America will not have a well-deck to launch connector vehicles that transport Marines and equipment from ship to shore over water. Instead, the America is specifically engineered for aviation. Compared with prior amphibs, the America has a larger deck space and hangar area for aircraft.
– Kris Osborn can be reached at Kris.Osborn@military.com

Read more: http://defensetech.org/2015/07/10/austr ... z3fgWdW3PS

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Re: F-35 Lightning II in Europa (Joint Strike Fighter)

Beitrag von theoderich » 16. Jul 2015, 14:27

F-35 pilot talking about the 400K USD flight helmet: “It’s cool but I don’t really use it that often” (VIDEO)

Few months ago we published the interesting interview Maj. John Wilson, an F-35 pilot with 61th Fighter Squadron, gave to Christian Sundsdal of the Danish website focusing on military topics Krigeren, at Luke Air Force Base.

Answering one of the questions, Maj. Wilson clearly admitted that an A-10 Thunderbolt II will always be better in CAS than the F-35 because it was designed to perform that kind of mission.

Recently, Sundsdal has published the second part of the interview, that focused on the 400k USD Helmet Mounted Display System, that combines FLIR (Forward Looking Infra Red) and DAS (Distributed Aperture System) imaging, night vision and a virtual HUD (Head Up Display).

As already explained in a previous article, the HMDS has suffered issues though: jitter and latency (solved) along with problems with turbulence and buffeting, that can cause display issues (particularly dangerous when the JSF is maneuvering to evade an enemy missile shot), decreased night-vision acuity, and information sharing when 3 or 4 aircraft fly together.

Still, Wilson is probably not worried by such troubles since he doesn’t use the helmet very much:

“It’s cool, but I don’t use it that often” he says.

The reason is pretty simple: “If I really wanna see what’s underneath me, I’ll just look outside, I just roll up….because it doesn’t take much longer for me to just bank the airplane.”

Interesting point of view.

According to the F-35 pilot, he would just “look” as he would see in much higher clarity with his own eyes. Pilots consider it an “added benefit” and use it sometimes for night flying but that seems to be the only time when the costly HMDS is used (at least by Wilson and his 61th FS colleagues).

Still, Wilson admits he’s an old school pilot, so there may be pilots who use it more often.

“What about if you need to look behind you?” asks one of the interviewers.

Wilson is quite sure: “I’ll use my eyes” because “I need to see things with my own eyes” to judge aspect, distance closure, and other details that you can’t get using a 2D camera.

The F-16, with no camera, has a really good visibility: “It’s just a kind of apple to orange comparison,” Wilson explains, highlighting the fact that the F-35 and the F-16 or F-22 were designed for different roles.

“If you are flying correctly and the jet is doing what it is supposed to do, [enemy] guys should die well before they get behind you” Wilson comments, suggesting, once again, that the JSF’s survivability in air-to-air combat (even against some of the aircraft it is supposed to replace) is based on its BVR (Beyond Visual Range), stealth and SA (Situational Awareness) capabilities, rather than in its agility (initially touted by LM test pilots…).